June - August

Materials presented in chronological order.

Mazzetti, Mark. "Bush Hails Role of C.I.A. as New Chief Takes Oath." New York Times, 1 Jun. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Addressing CIA employees on 31 May after Gen. Michael V. Hayden was sworn in as CIA director, "President Bush delivered a pep talk..., assuring them that the beleaguered agency played a critical role in the nation's security and remained 'vital' to the work of the White House." This was Hayden's second swearing-in, following a private ceremony on 30 May 2006. See also, Walter Pincus, "Spies Are Called Essential: Bush Says U.S. Must Continue to Develop Covert Agents," Washington Post, 1 Jun. 2006, A3.

Lee, Christopher. "CIA Ties with Ex-Nazis Shown: Anti-Communist Effort Is Detailed in Agency Records." Washington Post, 7 Jun. 2006, A21. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA organized Cold War spy networks that included former Nazis and failed to act on a 1958 report that fugitive Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was living in Argentina, newly released CIA records show. The records were among 27,000 pages of documents made public [on 6 June 2006] at the National Archives."

According to Steven Aftergood, Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 7 Jun. 2006, initial assessments of the documents were prepared by four historians for the Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Nazi War Crimes, which was created by Congress in 1998:

Timothy Naftali, "New Information on Cold War CIA Stay-Behind Operations in Germany and on the Adolf Eichmann Case." Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/naftali.pdf.

Robert Wolfe, "Gustav Hilger: From Hitler's Foreign Office to CIA Consultant." Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/wolfe.pdf.

Richard Breitman, "Tscherim Soobzokov." Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/breitman.pdf.

Norman J.W. Goda, "CIA Files Relating to Heinz Felfe, SS Officer and KGB Spy." Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/eprint/goda.pdf.

Mazzetti, Mark. "C.I.A. Closes Unit Focused on Capture of bin Laden." New York Times, 4 Jul. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Intelligence officials confirmed on 3 July 2006 that the CIA "has closed a unit that for a decade had the mission of hunting Osama bin Laden and his top lieutenants.... The unit, known as Alec Station, was disbanded late last year and its analysts reassigned within the C.I.A. Counterterrorist Center." CIA officials said that tracking bin Laden and his deputies "remained a high priority, and that the decision to disband the unit ... reflects a belief that the agency can better deal with high-level threats by focusing on regional trends rather than on specific organizations or individuals."

Whitlock, Craig. "Prosecutors: Italian Agency Helped CIA Seize Cleric." Washington Post, 6 Jul. 2006, A15. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 5 July 2006, Italian prosecutors said that they had "firm evidence" that SISMI, the military intelligence agency, "collaborated with the CIA to kidnap" Abu Omar in Milan in 2003. Two high-ranking Italian intelligence officials have been arrested and warrants issued for four unnamed Americans. Italian media identified the SISMI officials as "Marco Mancini, head of military counterespionage, and Gustavo Pignero, SISMI's chief for northern Italy at the time of the kidnapping."

Pincus, Walter. "CIA Director Picks a No. 3 and Shifts Roles: Hayden Says the Change Will Let Him Focus on Agency's Mission." Washington Post, 12 Jul. 2006, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA Director Gen. Michael V. Hayden announced on 11 July 2006 that he has appointed Michael J. Morell as associate deputy director, the No. 3 job at the agency. The position was previously called the executive director. "Hayden also said he was changing the role for that position, a move that recognizes the CIA's loss of leadership of the entire intelligence community." The change "allows for him and his new deputy, Stephen R. Kappes, 'to focus exclusively on the mission of the agency,' he said."

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Public Affairs Staff. "Stephen R. Kappes Assumes Duties As CIA Deputy Director." 25 Jul. 2006. [https://www.cia.gov]

"In a televised message to the CIA workforce [on 24 July 2006], Director Michael V. Hayden announced that Stephen R. Kappes has begun work as the Agency's Deputy Director.... [F]ormer Deputy Director, Vice Admiral Albert M. Calland III, USN,... [was] nominated by President Bush last month to be Deputy Director for Strategic Operational Planning at the National Counterterrorism Center."

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