Materials presented in chronological order.

CNN. "Porter Goss Resigns as CIA Chief." 5 May 2006. [http://www.cnn.com]

President Bush announced on 5 May 2006 that "CIA Director Porter Goss is resigning.... Goss' resignation was based on a 'mutual understanding' between Bush, national intelligence director John Negroponte and Goss, a senior Bush administration official told the Reuters news agency.... No replacement was announced."

Burger, Timothy J., and Matthew Cooper. "The Incredible Shrinking CIA." Time, 5 May 2006. [http://www.time.com]

"The sudden and unexpected resignation of Porter Goss as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency on [5 May 2006] highlights a long bureaucratic battle that's been going on behind the scenes in Washington. Ever since John Negroponte was appointed Director of National Intelligence a year ago..., he has been diluting the power and prestige of the CIA. From day one, he supplanted the CIA Director as the President's principal intelligence adviser, in charge of George W. Bush's daily briefing. Other changes followed, all originating in the law that created the DNI.... Then, earlier this week, in a little noticed move, Negroponte signaled that he would be moving still more responsibility from the CIA to his own office, including control over the analysis of terrorist groups and threats."

Linzer, Dafna, and Walter Pincus. "Goss Forced Out as CIA Director; Gen. Hayden Is Likely Successor." Washington Post, 6 May 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Porter J. Goss was forced to step down [on 5 May 2006] as CIA director, ending a turbulent 18-month tenure marked by an exodus of some of the agency's top talent and growing White House dissatisfaction with his leadership during a time of war." See also, Mark Mazzetti and Scott Shane. "Director of C.I.A. Is Stepping Down Under Pressure," New York Times, 6 May 2006, A1, A11.

Priest, Dana. "The Fix-It Man Leaves, but The Agency's Cracks Remain." Washington Post, 6 May 2006. A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Porter J. Goss was brought into the CIA to quell what the White House viewed as a partisan insurgency against the administration and to re-energize a spy service that failed to prevent the Sept. 11 attacks or accurately assess Iraq's weapons capability. But as he walked out the glass doors of Langley headquarters [on 5 May 2006], Goss left behind an agency that current and former intelligence officials say is weaker operationally, with a workforce demoralized by an exodus of senior officers and by uncertainty over its role in fighting terrorism and other intelligence priorities."

Ignatius, David. "The CIA at Rock Bottom." Washington Post, 7 May 2006, B7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA Director Porter Goss "was dumped by a president who doesn't like to fire anyone.... That was a sign of how badly off track things had gotten at the CIA.... President Bush's tepid comments in accepting Goss's resignation suggested that he had finally lost confidence in the ability of the Republican former congressman to make intelligence reforms work.... What may have hurt Goss most inside the White House was sharp criticism from ... the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.... I'm told some of the board's judgments on Goss and his management team were devastating....

"Though Goss long ago served as a CIA case officer, he arrived from Capitol Hill with a phalanx of conservative aides, soon dubbed the 'Gosslings,' who viewed the agency as a liberal, leak-prone opponent of conservative causes. That image is mostly nonsense.... Goss's attacks on senior officers were reckless, and they peeled away a generation of senior CIA managers. Sadly, the Bush White House mostly applauded his jihad on what they viewed as CIA naysayers.

"An example of the political frictions that harmed the agency involved CIA reporting from Iraq. From late 2003 on, the agency was warning about the rise of the Iraqi insurgency and the failings of the administration's political strategy. In 2004 the CIA station chief in Baghdad was sending warnings every 60 days ... about the deteriorating situation. This candid and largely correct reporting is said to have angered White House officials, who complained that the Baghdad chief was defeatist and not a team player. At the end of his tour, he was punished with a poor assignment."

Mazzetti, Mark. "Exit of Chief Viewed as Move to Recast C.I.A." New York Times, 7 May 2006, A1, A18.

According to intelligence officials on 6 May 2006, the choice of Gen. Michael V. Hayden as the new CIA director "is only a first step in a planned overhaul to permanently change the [agency's] mission and functions." Porter J. Goss "was seen as an obstacle" to DNI John D. Negroponte's effort "to focus the agency on its core mission of combating terrorism and stealing secrets abroad.... Mr. Goss was seen as trying to protect the C.I.A.'s longtime role as government's premier center for intelligence analysis, but under General Hayden ... much of that function is intended to move elsewhere.... Under General Hayden, the C.I.A. will maintain a large staff of intelligence analysts, the officials said. But their role is likely to be diminished, with the primary task of supporting the agency's spying operations, rather than producing broad intelligence assessments for policymakers."

Shane, Scott. "C.I.A. Chief Will Face Critical Gaps in Iran Data." New York Times, 7 May 2006, A18.

"As the Central Intelligence Agency undergoes its latest round of turmoil, legislators and former intelligence officials say that serious gaps in the United States' knowledge of Iran are among the most critical problems facing a new director of the spy agency." The experts say that "[w]hoever takes the helm of the C.I.A. ... will confront a crucial target with few, if any, American spies on the ground, sketchy communications intercepts and ambiguous satellite images."

Weiner, Tim. "A Long Legacy of Frustration at C.I.A. Helm." New York Times, 7 May 2006, A1, A18.

"When Porter J. Goss resigned ... as director of the C.I.A., he found himself in good company. In one way or another, the job of C.I.A. chief has confounded nearly every man who has held it. With few exceptions, each of the previous 18 directors of central intelligence has resigned in frustration, been given his walking papers by the president or been pressured out.... Running the 'intelligence community,' a chimerical construct now made up of 16 agencies and more than 100,000 people, proved almost impossible."

Baker, Peter, and Charles Babington. "General Formally Named to Lead CIA; Official Who Quit Under Goss Would Be Hayden's No. 2." Washington Post, 9 May 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 8 May 2006, the White House moved "to defuse concern over the nomination of Gen. Michael V. Hayden for CIA director, promising to balance the leadership of the nation's premier civilian spy agency with a well-known and popular veteran of the organization in the No. 2 position.... Under the plan, Vice Adm. Albert M. Calland III would be replaced as deputy director by retired CIA official Stephen R. Kappes."

Kappes is a "low-key former Marine and 23-year CIA veteran who served in the Near East, South Asia and Europe." He "had risen to chief of the agency's clandestine service and was seen as a future director." Kappes "traveled secretly to Libya in 2004 to persuade its leader, Moammar Gaddafi, to renounce weapons of mass destruction. But Kappes clashed immediately with Patrick Murray, the former Capitol Hill aide whom Goss installed as his chief of staff at the CIA. After one month on the job, Murray demanded that Kappes fire his deputy, Michael Sulick, for challenging Murray's authority. Kappes refused and he and Sulick resigned, triggering an unprecedented flood of resignations."

Schmitt, Eric. "Clash Foreseen Between C.I.A. and Pentagon." New York Times, 10 May 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"President Bush's selection of Gen. Michael V. Hayden to be the next director of the Central Intelligence Agency sets the stage for new wrangling with the Pentagon, which is rapidly expanding its own global spying and terrorist-tracking operations, both long considered C.I.A. roles.... [I]n interviews,... officials from intelligence agencies, the Defense Department and Congress provided new details of what they described as a strong effort by the Pentagon to assert a much broader role in the clandestine world of intelligence.... This activity has stirred criticism from some lawmakers who express concern that the Pentagon is creating a parallel intelligence-gathering network independent from the C.I.A. or other American authorities, and one that encroaches on the C.I.A.'s realm....

"A central figure in how this debate plays out is [Stephen A.] Cambone,... who as undersecretary of defense for intelligence oversees 130 full-time employees and more than 100 contractors. His office's responsibilities include domestic counterintelligence, long-range threat planning and budgeting for new technologies. Mr. Cambone emphasized that his office did not collect or analyze intelligence itself; it oversees those who do, assessing the quality of what organizations like the N.S.A. and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency collect and analyze."

Babcock, Charles R., and Jo Becker. "Ex-CIA Official Defends Ties With Contractor." Washington Post, 11 May 2006, A8. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Kyle 'Dusty' Foggo, who resigned this week as the No. 3 official in the CIA, [on 10 May 2006] denied through his lawyer any improper relationship with Brent R. Wilkes, a defense contractor at the center of a congressional bribery scandal. The FBI and the CIA's inspector general have been investigating whether Foggo steered contracts to Wilkes while he served in Frankfurt, Germany, in the years before being named the agency's executive director in late 2004." See Mark Mazzetti and David Johnston, "C.I.A. Aide's House and Office Searched," New York Times, 13 May 2006.

Bjerklie, David, and Coco Masters. ""How the CIA Can Be Fixed." Time, 22 May 2006, 40-41.

Brief comments from Robert Baer, John Brennan, Mark Lowenthal, Gary Berntsen, and Thomas Powers.

Mazzetti, Mark. "A Storied Operative Returns to the C.I.A." New York Times, 30 May 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Although the appointment has not been formally announced, former CIA clandestine service head Stephen R. Kappes is expected to be named the agency's deputy director. He "would become the first person since William E. Colby in 1973 to ascend to one of agency's top two positions from a career spent in the clandestine service."

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