August - October 2004

Materials presented in chronological order.

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "Agency Is Faulted on Practices in Iraq, Secrecy Amid Probe." Washington Post, 26 Aug. 2004, A18. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 25 August 2004, a report by Maj. Gen. George R. Fay on the U.S. Army's internal investigation into the abuse of detainees in Iraq "concluded that the CIA's detention and interrogation practices in Iraq 'led to a loss of accountability, abuse, reduced interagency cooperation, and unhealthy mystique that . . . [ellipses in original] poisoned the atmosphere' in the Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad, in which detainees were mistreated."

Curl, Joseph. "Bush Signs Intelligence Orders." Washington Times, 28 Aug. 2004. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]

On 27 August, 2004, President Bush signed a executive order granting the DCI "many of the functions" of the proposed national intelligence director. According to a senior administration official, the move gives "the CIA director temporary authority over budgetary issues" at NSA, DIA, and NRO.

Another executive order creates "a new National Counterterrorism Center (NCC) tasked with enhancing information sharing among intelligence agencies." The DCI "will appoint the NCC director, with the approval of the president, and oversee the new agency." See also, Dan Eggen, "Bush Gives CIA Director More Power," Washington Post, 28 Aug. 2004, A1.

Jehl, Douglas. "C.I.A. Review Is Critical of Prewar Iraq Analysis." New York Times, 22 Sep. 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

A "C.I.A. document, dated August 2004..., summarizes conclusions reached by a panel called the Iraq W.M.D. Review Group, which completed a 10-month review in May but has not made its findings public. Among the analytical flaws identified in the group's report were what was described as 'imprecise language' and 'insufficient follow-up' as well as 'sourcing problems' in the prewar intelligence on Iraq.... [T]he now-discredited National Intelligence Estimate of October 2002, which found that Iraq possessed chemical and biological weapons and was reconstituting its nuclear program, was not double-checked to be sure that its assertions were properly backed up."

Associated Press. "Porter Goss Sworn in as CIA Chief." CNN, 24 Sep. 2004. [http://www.cnn.com]

On 24 September 2004, Porter Goss, 65, was sworn in "to head the CIA and lead an intelligence community which has faced intense criticism for failures and faulty information prior to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the Iraq war."

Click for additional materials pertinent to Porter Goss's tenure as DCi and DCIA.

Priest, Dana. "Memo Lets CIA Take Detainees Out of Iraq: Practice Is Called Serious Breach of Geneva Conventions." Washington Post, 24 Oct. 2004, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In March 2004, the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel "drafted a confidential memo that authorizes the [CIA] to transfer detainees out of Iraq for interrogation.... Some specialists in international law say the opinion amounts to a reinterpretation of one of the most basic rights of Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, which protects civilians during wartime and occupation, including insurgents who were not part of Iraq's military."

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