May - July 2004

Materials presented in chronological order.

Jehl, Douglas. "An Abundance of Caution and Years of Budget Cuts Are Seen to Limit C.I.A." New York Times, 11 May 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to government officials, "America's clandestine intelligence service has fewer than 1,100 case officers posted overseas, fewer than the number of F.B.I. agents assigned to the New York City field office alone." Since George J. Tenet took charge of the CIA seven years ago, "rebuilding that service has been his top priority." But according to Tenet and others, "it will be an additional five years ... before the rebuilding is complete and the United States has the network it needs to adequately confront a global threat posed by terrorist groups and hostile foreign governments." In an interview on 30 April 2004, CIA Deputy Director for Operations James L. Pavitt "said he still needed 30 to 35 percent more people."

Priest, Dana, and Joe Stephens. "Secret World of U.S. Interrogation: Long History of Tactics in Overseas Prisons Is Coming to Light." Washington Post, 11 May 2004, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq ... is just the largest ... in a worldwide constellation of detention centers ... that the U.S. military and CIA have operated in the name of counterterrorism or counterinsurgency operations since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.... The largely hidden array includes three systems that only rarely overlap: the Pentagon-run network of prisons, jails and holding facilities in Iraq, Afghanistan, Guantanamo and elsewhere; small and secret CIA-run facilities where top al Qaeda and other figures are kept; and interrogation rooms of foreign intelligence services ... to which the U.S. government delivers or 'renders' mid- or low-level terrorism suspects for questioning....

"[E]very aspect of this new universe -- including maintenance of covert airlines to fly prisoners from place to place, interrogation rules and the legal justification for holding foreigners without due process afforded most U.S. citizens -- has been developed by military or CIA lawyers, vetted by Justice Department's office of legal counsel and, depending on the particular issue, approved by White House general counsel's office or the president himself....

"Today, the CIA probably holds two to three dozen captives around the world.... Among them are al Qaeda leaders Khalid Sheik Mohammed and Ramzi Binalshibh in Pakistan and Abu Zubaida. The CIA is also in charge of interrogating Saddam Hussein, who is believed to be in Baghdad."

Adas, Jane. "Retired CIA Agent Raymond Close Discusses Uses and Misuses of Intelligence.'" Washington Report on Middle East Affairs 23, no. 4 (May 2004): 55-56.

In a 15 February 2004 talk sponsored by the Princeton Middle East Society, "former CIA operative" Raymond H. Close spoke on "The Uses and Misuses of Intelligence."

Filkins, Dexter. "Exile With Ties to C.I.A. Is Named Premier of Iraq." New York Times, 29 May 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Iyad Alawi, head of the Iraqi National Accord, an umbrella organization he set up in 1991 with the help of the U.S. government, was chosen on 28 May 2004 to be Iraq's "interim prime minister when the Americans transfer sovereignty ... on June 30.... As an exile, a member of the American-appointed Iraqi Governing Council and a longstanding recipient of C.I.A. financing, Dr. Alawi is likely to face sharp challenges to his credibility among the Iraqi people."

Bumiller, Elisabeth, and Douglas Jehl. "Tenet Resigns as C.I.A. Director; 3 Harsh Reports on Agency Due." New York Times, 4 Jun. 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"George J. Tenet, the besieged director of central intelligence..., abruptly resigned" on 3 June 2004. Both "Tenet and President Bush said the resignation was for personal reasons. But current and former intelligence officials noted that Mr. Tenet was anticipating heavy criticism from three reports expected to assail the agency either over its failure to detect the Sept. 11, 2001, terror plot or the assessments that Iraq possessed unconventional weapons before the American invasion last year." See also, Dana Priest and Walter Pincus, "Tenet Resigns as CIA Director; Intelligence Chief Praised by Bush, But Critics Cite Lapses on Iraq War," Washington Post, 4 Jun. 2004, A1.

Clark comment: George J. Tenet will have served 7 years in a job that has eaten people in a lot less time than that. He has served his country well and faithfully. My wish for him is for his next job to have less stress and more appreciative bosses.

Priest, Dana. "CIA's New Acting Director Is Known for Analytical -- and Magic -- Skills." Washington Post, 4 Jun. 2004, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

John E. McLaughlin, chosen by President Bush on 3 June 2004 to serve as Acting Director of Central Intelligence, "McLaughlin, 61, an amateur magician, will face the challenge of keeping the CIA and other intelligence agencies from losing focus under pressure from two distinctly different sources: al Qaeda terrorists and the presidential campaign."

Reuters. "CIA to Lose Deputy for Operations." Washington Post, 5 Jun. 2004, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The CIA announced on 4 June 2004 that Deputy Director for Operations James L. Pavitt will soon retire after five years in the position. The statement said that Pavitt decided to retire about a month ago, and his departure is not related to DCI George J. Tenet's resignation, announced on 3 June 2004. Stephen Kappes, deputy operations chief since 2002, will succeed Pavitt when he retires.

Priest, Dana, and Mike Allen. "Preserving CIA Status Will Test New Chief ." Washington Post, 7 Jun. 2004, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Of all the challenges that face Tenet's successor, John E. McLaughlin, when he steps into the job July 11, preserving the CIA's status at the White House and among world leaders will be among the toughest."

Brinkley, Joel. "Ex-C.I.A. Aides Say Iraq Leader Helped Agency in 90's Attacks." New York Times, 9 Jun. 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to "several former intelligence officials," Iraqi prime minister-designate Iyad Alawi "ran an exile organization [the Iraqi National Accord] intent on deposing Saddam Hussein that sent agents into Baghdad in the early 1990's to plant bombs and sabotage government facilities under the direction of the C.I.A."

Jehl, Douglas. "Despite a Pledge to Speed Work, Fixing an Internal Problem Takes Time at the C.I.A." New York Times, 10 Jun. 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"The Central Intelligence Agency has yet to put in place a plan to address what senior officials have described as a major flaw in its operations, despite a pledge four months ago that the problem would be resolved within 30 days. The problem, which contributed to errors in the agency's prewar estimates on Iraq, is rooted in practices that severely limit how much information about human sources is shared with analysts who produce intelligence assessments, according to senior intelligence officials."

Gorman, Siobhan. "Wanted: Spy Chief." National Journal, 12 Jun. 2004, 1842-1849.

The resignation of DCI George Tenet opens up the need for someone to manage the nation's intelligence efforts. Also, there is discussion of who might take over the new position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI).

Schmidt, Susan, and Dana Priest. "Civilian Charged In Beating of Afghan Detainee." Washington Post, 18 Jun. 2004, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 17 June 2004, a grand jury in North Carolina indicted David A. Passaro, "[a] former Army Special Forces soldier working as a contractor for the CIA in Afghanistan," on charges of "brutally assaulting a prisoner during three days of interrogations that ended in the Afghan man's death" on 21 June 2003. A U.S. official said that "Passaro was part of a clandestine paramilitary team made up of U.S. Special Forces and CIA personnel who capture and interrogate Taliban and al Qaeda members."

Thompson, Estes. "Former CIA Contractor to Be Jailed Until Trial in Afghan Prisoner Assault." Washington Post, 26 Jun. 2004, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 25 June 2004, U.S. Magistrate Judge William Webb "ordered former CIA contractor David Passaro to remain jailed until his assault trial."

Priest, Dana. "CIA Puts Harsh Tactics on Hold; Memo on Methods of Interrogation Had Wide Review." Washington Post, 27 Jun. 2004, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to intelligence officials, the CIA "has suspended the use of extraordinary interrogation techniques approved by the White House pending a review by Justice Department and other administration lawyers."

Pincus, Walter. "Court to Review Spies' Right To Sue CIA Over Broken Vow." Washington Post, 29 Jun. 2004, A12. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 28 June 2004, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit decision "that permitted an alleged husband-wife Cold War spy team to sue the CIA for allegedly breaking a promise to provide them financial and personal security for life after they carried out espionage for the United States."

Gerecht, Reuel Marc. "The Sorry State of the CIA." On the Issues. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Jul. 2004. [http://www.aei.org] ["A version of this article appeared in the July 19, 2004, issue of The Weekly Standard."]

George Tenet's departure from the CIA "provides an opportunity to properly assess and repair the agency's weaknesses, but real reform requires confronting the entrenched bureaucracy and strengthening the clandestine service in order to infiltrate and thwart terrorist organizations."

Pincus, Walter. "McLaughlin Defends CIA, Cites Reform In Speech; Deputy Director Rejects Idea of Intelligence Czar." Washington Post, 1 Jul. 2004, A21. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

At a meeting of Business Executives for National Security , DDCI John E. McLaughlin "said the intelligence community has already made changes to address failures highlighted by investigations of its performance" before 9/11 and the invasion of Iraq. He "shot down a popular reform idea of an 'intelligence czar who would stand apart from CIA and oversee all aspects of American intelligence.'" He would, instead, provide the DCI "the power he needs over all intelligence[.] McLaughlin would invest the job with overall decision authority to allocate intelligence spending, almost 90 percent of which now is in the Pentagon and 10 percent with CIA."

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