The 1970s


A - C

Adelman, Kenneth L., and Robert Ellsworth. "Foolish Intelligence." Foreign Policy 36 (Fall 1979): 147-159.

According to Calder, the main thrust here "is on CIA failures in Iran and in estimating Soviet MIRV technology."

Agee, Philip. "The American Security Services: Where Do We Go from Here?" Journal of Contemporary Asia 7 (Spring 1977): 251-259.

Ahern, Thomas L., Jr.

Click for the author's Vietnam Declassified (2009) and six previously classified volumes on CIA operations in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos in the 1960s and 1970s. The works were released at a conference hosted by Texas Tech University's Vietnam Center and Archive.

Alsop, Stewart. "CIA, the Battle for Secret Power." Saturday Evening Post, 27 Jul. 1963, 17-21. [Petersen]

Anderson, Jack. "How the CIA Snooped Inside Russia." Washington Post, 10 Dec. 1973, B17.

Anderson exposes the CIA's operation "Guppy," the listening in to conversations from the limousines of Soviet officials. This is a quick way to dry up a unique source of information. Gee, thanks, Jack.

Association of the Bar of the City of New York. Committee on Civil Rights. The Central Intelligence Agency: Oversight and Accountability. New York: 1975.

Binder, David. "The Tormented Life and Death of a CIA Man." Look, 11 Jun. 1979, 6-12, 18, 20.

This article concerns the "mysterious" death of former CIA employee John Paisley.

Blackstock, Paul W.

1. The CIA and the Intelligence Community: Their Roles, Organization, and Functions. St. Charles, MO: Forum Press, 1974. [Petersen]

2. "The Intelligence Community Under the Nixon Administration." Armed Forces and Society 1 (Feb. 1975): 231-250. [Petersen]

Bonafede, Dom. "The CIA Under Turner -- The Pleasure of His Company." National Journal 9 (17 Dec. 1977): 1948-1954. [Petersen]

Braden, Tom.

1. "CIA: Power and Arrogance." Washington Post, 27 Apr. 1975, C2.

2. "What's Wrong with the CIA?" Saturday Review, 5 Apr. 1975, 14-18.

Brower, Brock. "Why People Like You Joined the CIA." Washington Monthly, Nov. 1976, 50-60. [Petersen]

Brownlow, Cecil. "CIA Threat-Juggling Confirmed." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3 May 1976, 14-15. [Petersen]

Brzezinski, Zbigniew. Power and Principle: Memoirs of the National Security Advisor, 1977-1981. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 1983.

The author was National Security Adviser for Jimmy Carter's one-term presidency. With the breakup of the Soviet Union, Brzezinski's longtime emphasis on the importance of the constituent republics and nationalities has been shown to be quite well grounded.

Bush, George. Looking Forward. New York: Doubleday, 1987.

The former DCI (1976-1977) provides circumspect coverage of his tenure in a position that was a brief interlude in a busy life.

Carter, Jimmy. "Central Intelligence Agency: Remarks to Employees, August 16, 1978." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 14 (21 Aug. 1978): 1434-1436. [Petersen]

Carter, Jimmy. Keeping Faith: Memoirs of a President. New York: Bantam Books, 1982.

[Clarke, John M.] "It's Budget Time...." CIRA Newsletter 20, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 15-18.

This is an edited version of a letter sent to the National Journal, dated 19 October 1994. It notes that the first Consolidated Intelligence Program Budget occurred under DCI Richard Helms, not later as Dan Murphy had stated in W. John Moore's National Journal article of 8 Oct. 1994. Clarke was CIA Comptroller and later Associate Director for the U.S. Intelligence Community.

Colby, William E.

1. "Can We Do Without Secret Intelligence Operations?" Skeptic 7 (May-Jun. 1975): 36-39. [Petersen]

2. "Colby Report on the CIA." In Historical Documents of 1975, ed. Robert E. Cuthriell. Washington, DC: CQ, 1976. [Petersen]

3. "Intelligence Secrecy and Security in a Free Society." International Security 1 (Fall 1976): 3-14.

4. "Why I Was Fired from the CIA." Esquire, 9 May 1978, 59-62 ff. [Petersen]

Cooper, Chester L. "The CIA and Decision-Making." Foreign Affairs 50 (Jan. 1972): 223-236.

Petersen identifies the author as a "former CIA officer."

Copeland, Miles.

1. Beyond Cloak or Dagger: Inside the CIA. New York: Pinnacle, 1975.

2. "Unmentionable Uses of the CIA: Counterterrorist Activity." National Review, 14 Sep. 1973, 990-997.

Corn, David. Blond Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's Crusades. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Theodore (Ted) G. Shackley, retired CIA Associate Deputy Director for Operations, died on 9 December 2002 at the age of 75. He was a three-time recipient of the Distinguished Intelligence Medal. J.Y. Smith, "Theodore Shackley Dies; Celebrated CIA Agent," Washington Post, 13 Dec. 2002, B8.

Clark comment: The "discovery" that CIA officers respond and act according to bureaucratic behaviors well-established in the literature of public administration is somewhat labored. To suggest that the CIA should somehow be immune to such behavior patterns is to ask more of its people than an unrelenting critic has any right to expect.

Frank, WIR 13.2, notes that the author is "known for his decidedly left-of-center views ... [and] for many years shared sympathies with the Christic Institute." To Chambers, the book is "hostile and muddle-headed. It's strange that Shackley rose as high as he did if he screwed up as badly as Corn would have us believe." For Halpern, Periscope, Feb. 1995, the book "is a work that mixes fact and fiction.... More often than not he and his researchers have not understood and have rejected valid documentary evidence of the truth.... This reviewer believes the work is so biased ... and contains so many errors of fact that reading it is not worth the effort."

John Barron, WIR 13.3, writes: "I have never heard anyone refer to Shackley as the 'Blond Ghost.'" Corn has produced "turgid prose and puerile reportage." Worse than that, however, he "displays ignorance of elementary intelligence procedures and terminology." In essence, Corn represents "virtue as vice" and accuses "by innuendo without evidence." On the other hand, for NameBase, the book's "70 pages of end notes[] and chapters liberally sprinkled with unpublished CIA names" make it "a durable contribution to intelligence history." And McGehee, CIABASE Jan. 1995 Update Report, praises Blond Ghost as "one of the few excellent books on the CIA."

To Warner, WPNWE, 7-13 Nov. 1994, Shackley is "less interesting than the covert world of which he was a part." The image here is one of Shackley as "an organization man," but "the real subject is the CIA as a working bureaucracy." Corn's "writing style veers from the competent to the eloquent and back again." Overall, this is an "impressive feat of research." The author "appears to have a latent personal bias against Shackley that ... colors his judgments of Shackley's successes and failures." Nevertheless, the book "greatly enlarges our understanding of the CIA as an organization."

Easterbrook, Washington Monthly, Sep. 1994, calls the book "an amazing compendium of C.I.A. fact and lore.... But every so often you run across a well-researched, well-written book that some reason doesn't quite click. This is one.... Corn's book seems to have trouble coming to conclusions beyond straightforward ones, such as that intelligence operations should be lawful.... Blond Ghost needed more conclusions, and fewer accounts of whose names were on what memos."

Warren, Surveillant 4.1, comments that this is a "meticulously researched biography of a relatively obscure civil servant ... [which] neither interests nor informs the reader.... Corn's lack of understanding and his biases show.... But in the end, Corn's book fails because of a lack of consistent focus and because of a plethora of details to no apparent purpose."

Corson, William R. "Dossier on the CIA." Penthouse, Sep. 1971, 33-39.

Petersen: "Argues that CIA has exceeded its intended role."

Cox, Arthur M. "CIA and the Intelligence Community." In The Myths of National Security: The Perils of Secret Government, 87-118. Boston: Beacon, 1975,.

Petersen: "Critical assessment."

Crangle, Robert D. "Spying, the CIA, and the New Technologies." Ripon Forum, Feb. 1970, 7-14. [Petersen]

Cremeans, Charles D. "The Agency and the Future." Studies in Intelligence 14, no. 1 (Spring 1970): 77-87.

A look into the future from the perspective of 1970.

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