The 1960s

The U-2

M - Z

Miller, Jay.

1. Lockheed U-2. Austin, TX: Aerofax, 1983.

2. Lockheed Martin's Skunk Works. Leicester, UK: Midland, 1995. Skunk Works: The Official History. North Branch, MN: Specialty Press, 1996.

Nathan, James A. "A Fragile Detente: The U-2 Incident Re-examined." Military Affairs 39 (Oct. 1975): 97-104.

O'Leary, Michael, and Eric Schulzinger. Black Magic: America's Spyplanes -- SR-71 and U-2. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1989.

Surveillant 1.1: "Even if you're not dazzled by the hardware of spyplanes, you will admire the beauty of the SR-71s and U-2s as captured by the photographers in this volume."

Orlov, Alexander. "The U-2 Program: A Russian Officer Remembers." Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1998-1999: 5-14.

The author is a retired Soviet colonel who spent much of his 46-year military career in the former USSR's Air Defense Forces.

Pedlow, Gregory W., and Donald E. Welzenbach.

1. The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1992.

This study was written in the 1980s as a CIA internal history. Robarge: "Chapter 6 on OXCART declassified October 2004."

2. The CIA and the U2 Program, 1954-1974. Washington, DC: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1998. ["Synopsis" and 9.48 mb PDF file available at https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/the-cia-and-the-u-2-program-1954-1974/synop.htm]

For Goulden, Intelligencer 10.2, "[t]he technical and political problems of the U-2's birth are grippingly told" by this work.

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Pocock, Chris.

1. Dragon Lady: The History of the U-2 Spyplane. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, Ltd., 1989.

Frank and Cline, FILS 11.3: Pocock deserves "high marks for his extensive research ... [and the] balanced view of events he describes.... [There is] more emphasis on the technical history of the aircraft than on the political impact associated with it."

2. 50 Years of the U-2: The Complete Illustrated History of the Dragon Lady. Atgien, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2005.

DKR, AFIO WIN 30-05 (8 Aug. 2005), notes that the author "is regarded as the foremost authority on the subject." In this book, Pocock tells the aircraft's "long and complex story from the beginning down to the present."

3. "From Peshawar to Bodo -- Mission Impossible?" In Report from the Cold War Forum Conference on the Cold War in Bodo, ed. Svein Lundestad. Bodo, Norway: Bodo College, 1995.

4. The U-2 Spyplane: Toward the Unknown: A New History of the Early Years. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 2000.

Nash, I&NS 17.2, finds that the author provides "a wealth of details about ... the famous spyplane." However, the "tone and approach are buffish rather than scholarly"; and there is a "serious ... lack of analysis or criticism." Nevertheless, "those interested in the technical side of the U-2 will profit greatly from Pocock's study."

To Haines, Studies 46.2 (2002), the author "has done his homework well." This work "is the most comprehensive examination to date of the design, production, and deployment of the U-2 reconnaissance aircraft." Although there is "no separate bibliography -- one has to go to the individual footnotes for the sources" -- the author "has produced a first-rate volume that is chock-full of facts and information."

Powers, Barbara. Spy Wife. New York: Pyramid, 1965.

The author was the wife of Francis Gary Powers.

Powers, Francis Gary, with Curt Gentry. Operation Overflight: The U-2 Spy Pilot Tells His Story for the First Time. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1970. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1970. New York: Tower, 1970. [pb]

Raymond, Jack. "U.S. Says It Was Weather Craft." New York Times, 6 May 1960.

"The United States said today an American weather-observation plane flown by a civilian apparently went astray near the Turkish-Soviet border Sunday when the pilot's oxygen supply failed.... According to the official statement, the pilot was in a heavily instrumented U-2 single-engine plane, chartered from the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation by the National Aeronautical and Space Administration. The pilot was identified later as Francis G. Powers, 30 years old, a Lockheed employee."

Rich, Ben R., and Leo Janos. Skunk Works: A Personal Memoir of My Years at Lockheed. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1994. Boston: Back Bay Books, 1994. [pb]

Tenet, George J. "The U-2 Program: The DCI's Perspective." Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1998-1999: 1-4.

Remarks at symposium, "The U-2: A Revolution in Intelligence," at National Defense University, Ft. McNair, Washington, DC, 17 September 1998. A quote: "The U-2 ... may be one of the greatest achievements of any intelligence service of any nation."

Walters, Vernon A. [LTGEN/USA (Ret.)] "General de Gaulle in Action: 1960 Summit Conference." Studies in Intelligence 18, no. 4 (Winter 1974): 39-44. Studies in Intelligence 38, no. 5 (1995): 123-127.

Wise, David, and Thomas B. Ross. The U-2 Affair. New York: Random House, 1962. London: Cresset, 1963.

Constantinides says this "instant history" is "a fairly good account of the mission." However, despite the authors claims of interviews with a hundred officials, "no actual sources are named." The authors' conclusions are not always supported by their facts.

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