K - Q

Kleinman, Steven M. "KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Review: Observations of an Interrogator." Defense Intelligence Journal 15, no. 1 (2006): 79-134.

This is a detailed look at "the potential for lessons learned" from the controversial "KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual," produced by the CIA in 1963 and declassified in 1997. The author finds in the manual "a wealth of valuable concepts that either have the potential for immediate application ... or that warrant further study."

Kramer, Lisa A., and Richards J. Heuer, Jr.

1. "America's Increased Vulnerability to Insider Espionage." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 50-64.

"While information technology may be the most important single cause of increased risk of insider espionage, it may also be the nation's best hope for the future detection of offenders."

2. and Kent S. Crawford. Technological, Social, and Economic Trends That Are Increasing U.S. Vulnerability to Insider Espionage. Technical Report 05-10. Monterey, CA: Defense Personnel Security Research Center, May 2005. [Available at]

Loeb, Vernon, and Walter Pincus. "Bush to Speed Clinton Spy Changes." Washington Post, 24 Feb. 2001, A4. []

Senior U.S. officials said on 23 February 2001 that "the Bush administration intends to swiftly carry out recommendations left by President Clinton for a government-wide reorganization of counterintelligence [CI] efforts.... Both FBI Director Louis J. Freeh and CIA Director George J. Tenet have strongly endorsed David Szady," a CI expert "serving as special agent in charge of the FBI's field office in Portland, Ore.," to be national counterintelligence executive. The position would oversee CI "spending by all federal agencies and ... identify the most important technologies, weaponry and other national assets that must be protected from foreign spies."

Lynch, Christopher. The C.I. Desk: FBI and CIA Counterintelligence As Seen from My Cubicle. Indianapolis, IN: Dog Ear Publishing, 2009.

According to Peake, Studies 55.2 (Jun. 2011), the author spent 10 years with the FBI and 20 with the CIA, all the while moving from job to job. "It is difficult to pin down the message he wants to convey in this book or to explain his candor in conveying it."

[MacGaffin, John]. "Speech by John MacGaffin, CIRA Luncheon, 1 May 2001." CIRA Newsletter 26, nos. 2 & 3 (Summer-Fall 2001): 3-9.

The ADDO talks about the genesis of CI-21.

Marrin, Stephen. "Homeland Security and the Analysis of Foreign Intelligence (Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age)." Intelligencer 13, no. 2 (Winter-Spring 2003): 25-36.

This is a general overview of the Counterterrorism Center (CTC), with some broad discussion of the analytical process and its products.

Mattson, Mike. "A Counterintelligence Cold Case File: The Fourth Mole." Intelligencer 17, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2009): 39-50.

"Whether there is a fourth mole [Howard, Ames, and Hanssen being "the three"] remains likely but uncertain. But the strong possibility of his/her existence merits further study and investigation."

Morris, William J., and Regan K. Smith. "Understanding the National CI Community." Military Intelligence 26, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 2000): 34-35.

The authors find solace -- protecting individual liberties -- in the absence of a single counterintelligence "czar" in the United States. Clark comment: It must be pleasant to believe that such a high-minded reason is behind the fragmented nature of the U.S. CI community. Regrettably, this observer finds the causes in such mundane reasons as bureaucratic politics.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Public Affairs Office. "National Counterintelligence Executive and Mission Manager for Counterintelligence." ODNI News Release No. 15-06. Washington, DC: 7 Aug. 2006. []

On 7 August 2006, DNI John D. Negroponte "appointed Joel F. Brenner to serve as National Counterintelligence Executive and Mission Manager for Counterintelligence." From 2002, Brenner was NSA Inspector General. He replaces Ambassador Eric Boswell who had been Acting National Counterintelligence Executive since January 2006.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States of America, 2007. Washington, DC: 2007. Available at:

From "Preface": "This National Counterintelligence Strategy ... elaborates the fundamental responsibility for US intelligence to warn of and help prevent terrorist attacks against the homeland, engage other asymmetric threats, and provide reliable intelligence on traditional and enduring strategic issues. It also describes a way forward by which the counterintelligence organizations of the US government will engage elements in the public and private sectors to address the threat posed by the intelligence activities of foreign powers and groups and protect our nation’s secrets and the means by which we obtain those secrets."

Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. Annual Report to Congress on Foreign Economic Collection and Industrial Espionage -- 2002. Feb. 2003. []

This is the eighth of these annual reports, first, from the National Counterintelligence Center and, now, the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. "It seeks to assess efforts by foreign entities ... to unlawfully target or acquire critical US technologies, trade secrets, and sensitive financial or proprietary economic information."

Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive. "Michelle Van Cleave." []

On 28 July 2003, President George W. Bush appointed Michelle Van Cleave as the National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX). As the NCIX, she "chairs the National Counterintelligence Policy Board, which is the principal mechanism for developing policies and procedures for the approval of the President to govern the conduct of CI activities. She is also the director of the Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (ONCIX), which is located in the Office of the Director of Central Intelligence."

Olson, James M. "The Ten Commandments of Counterintelligence." Studies in Intelligence 11 (Fall-Winter 2001): 81-87. Intelligencer 13, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 2002): 44-49. American Intelligence Journal 21, nos. 1 & 2 (Spring 2002): 21-26.

(1) Be offensive; (2) honor your professionals; (3) own the street; (4) know your history; (5) do not ignore analysis; (6) do not be parochial; (7) train your people; (8) do not be shoved aside; (9) do not stay too long; (10) never give up.

Pillar, Paul R. "Counterintelligence After Al Qaeda." Washington Quarterly 27, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 101-113.

Pincus, Walter. "Counterintelligence Czar Urged." Washington Post, 11 May 2000, A12. []

According to congressional staffers and administration officials, a panel comprised of DCI George J. Tenet, FBI Director Louis J. Freeh and recently retired deputy defense secretary John J. Hamre has "concluded that a single official should be put in charge of counterintelligence efforts throughout the government." However, they "could not agree on which department or agency should possess the 'national counterintelligence executive' and thus have primacy in the field....

"Although the full proposals, titled 'Counterintelligence for the 21st Century,' have not been made public, the principal findings and proposals were described last week by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence in a report on the fiscal 2001 intelligence budget authorization bill."

Poteat, S. Eugene. "Counterintelligence, Homeland Security and Domestic Intelligence." Intelligencer 14, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004): 69-76.

This is a quick walkthrough of counterintelligence and domestic intelligence as practiced (or not practiced) over time in the United States.

Poteat, S. Eugene. "Counterintelligence: Spy vs. Spy, Traitor vs. Traitor." American Intelligence Journal 20, nos. 1 & 2 (Winter 2000-2001): 57-62.

This is a broad (and opinionated) sweep across the counterintelligence landscape from the Revolutionary War to the present.

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