Zi - Zn


Ziegler, Charles A. "Intelligence Assessments of Soviet Atomic Capability, 1945-1949: Myths, Monopolies and Maskirovka." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 4 (Oct. 1997): 1-24.

The author makes an interesting, if not totally substantiated, argument that the belief among top U.S. policymakers that the atomic monopoly would last longer than it did was based less on "character flaws" and more "on the failure of US intelligence." That failure lay initially in not accounting for all the high-grade uranium remaining in Europe and, then, in not compensating for that mistake "by obtaining reliable information on Soviet atomic progress."

[Analysis/Sov; GenPostwar/Immediate][c]

Ziegler, Charles A. "UFOs and the US Intelligence Community." Intelligence and National Security 14, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 1-25.

Abstract: "UFO ... phenomena have been a prominent feature of the cultural landscape in the US for the past half century. Throughout this ... period, US intelligence agencies have been involved in one way or another with these phenomena. This article describes how, as an unintended consequence, that involvement has fostered public acceptance of the belief that some UFOs are spacecraft from another world."


Ziegler, Charles A., and David Jacobson. Spying Without Spies: Origins of America's Secret Nuclear Surveillance System. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood, 1995.

Van Nederveen, Air Chronicles, at http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil, notes that Spying Without Spies "tells how scientists, intelligence officials, Air Force officers, and commissioners of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) grappled with the problem" of detecting atomic events deep inside the Soviet Union. The authors provide "the first description of the creation and institutionalization of America's nuclear detection system and the relationship it forged between the science and intelligence communities. Thus, the book makes a unique contribution to intelligence literature."

To Rosenberg, AHR 101.4, this "political and technical analysis ... is solidly researched, sound in narrative, effectively organized, and judicious -- if unambitious -- in its conclusions." It is, however, "a work for specialists."


Ziegler, David W. "Yellow Rain: An Analysis That Went Awry?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 2, no. 1 (Spring 1988): 91-113.

From Editors' Comment: A "50-page article appears in the spring 1987 issue of International Security, 'Sverdlovsk and Yellow Rain: Two Cases of Soviet Noncompliance?' by Elisa D. Harris.... Ms. Harris shares Professor Ziegler's skepticism and criticism of the U.S. Government's charge that the Soviet Union engaged in chemical warfare in Southeast Asia and Afghanistan."


Ziemke, Earl F. "Operation Kreml: Deception, Strategy, and the Fortunes of War." Parameters 9, no. 1 (Mar. 1979): 72-83.

KREML was a German deception operation against the Soviet Union in 1941.


Zim, Herbert S. Codes and Secret Writing. New York: Morrow, 1964. [Petersen]


Zimmer, George F., as told to Burke Boyce. K-7: Spies at War. New York: Appleton-Century, 1934.


Zimmerman, David.

1. Britain's Shield: Radar and the Defeat of the Luftwaffe. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2001. Stroud: Amberley, 2011. [pb]

From publisher: This work "relates the development of radar with the diplomatic and air policy concerns of the period. It shows how a small group of scientists, engineers, airmen and politicians accomplished this technological miracle, and offers a revisionist appraisal of Churchill's role, showing that his influence was, more often than not, counterproductive to the development of effective air defenses."

2. Top Secret Exchange: The Tizard Mission and the Scientific War. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 1996.

From publisher: "The Tizard Mission established an effective system of teamwork for Allied technical and scientific cooperation, and it was this teamwork that proved to be a crucial factor in Allied technical superiority. It was also the beginning of the much longer story of Anglo-American scientific and technical cooperation." See also, Phelps, The Tizard Mission (2010).


Zimmerman, Dwight Jon, and John D. Gresham. Beyond Hell and Back: How America's Special Operations Forces Became the World's Greatest Fighting Unit. New York, St. Martin's, 2007.

From publisher: This book offers "[a]n inside look at seven of the most harrowing and significant Special Operations missions," from Vietnam to Iraq.


Zimmerman, Peter D. "From the SPOT Files: Evidence of Spying." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 45 (Sep. 1989): 24-25.

On the SPOT commercial satellite.


Zindar, John M. "The Tactical Intelligence Officer in LIC." Military Intelligence 11, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1985): 46-47.

The task of the tactical intelligence officer in low-intensity conflict environments.


Zinni, Tony [GEN/USA (Ret.)], and Tony Koltz. The Battle for Peace: A Frontline Vision of America's Power and Purpose. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Borene, Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), refers to this work as "a stinging criticism of the White House handling of Operation Iraqi Freedom and of our 'stove-piped' national security infrastructure. Acting constructively, Zinni also presents fresh ideas to improve the defiiencies he sees.... Zinni delivers a reformation plan to enhance interagency unity of effort and provide an expeditionary capability for the civil component of civil-military operations."

[GenPostCW/00s; MI/Ops/Iraq/Books]

Zinsmeister, Karl. Boots on the Ground: A Month with the 82nd Airborne in the Battle for Iraq. New York: St. Martin's, 2003.

Warner, Studies 48.1, finds that the author tells "a fast-paced story of urban fighting," as the 82nd cleared the southern city of Samawah. The "book is a travelogue with no index or maps -- and some gratuitous political asides."


Zive, Gregg W. "Prior Restraint and the Press Following the Pentagon Papers Cases -- Is the Immunity Dissolving?" Notre Dame Lawyer 47, no. 4 (Apr. 1972): 927-958. [Calder]


Zlotnick, Jack. "Bayes' Theorum for Intelligence Analysis." Studies in Intelligence 16, no. 2 (Spring 1972): 43-52. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 255-263. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

See companion case-study: Fisk, "The Sino-Soviet Border Dispute."


Zlotnick, Jack. National Intelligence. Washington, DC: Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1964.

Constantinides notes that the parts of this book on the organization of U.S. intelligence are dated. However, "the bulk still stands since it is concerned with categories of intelligence. It is well organized, precise, and commendably brief."


Zlotnick, Jack,. "A Theorem for Prediction." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 4 (Winter 1967): 1-12.

"Experimental application of probability mathematics to predictive intelligence estimates reveals a disciplinary potential."


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