Zeg - Zh

Zegart, Amy - A-N

Zegart, Amy - O-Z

Zeira, Eli. "Israel's Intelligence Failure of 1973: New Evidence, a New Interpretation, and Theoretical Implications." Security Studies 4, no. 3 (Spring 1995): 584-609.


Zeligs, Meyer. Friendship and Fratricide. New York: Viking, 1967.

Clark comment: The author's psychoanalysis of Chambers to show why he would frame Hiss was performed without access to Chambers. For a negative contemporaneous review, see Meyer Schapiro, "Dangerous Acquaintances," New York Review of Books, 23 Feb. 1967, 5-8.


Zelikow, Philip. "American Economic Intelligence: Past Practice and Future Principles." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 164-177.

The author gives a brief survey of the organization of economic intelligence gathering from 1776 to the present, with the focus on how that activity has been organized and carried out within the CIA since 1949. He recommends that the government "should take full advantage of the enlarged, more sophisticated flow of outside information and avoid duplicating tasks already performed adequately by others." At the same time, Zelikow recognizes that "the government does have some unique responsibilities in the collection and preparation of economic intelligence."


Zelikow, Philip. "The Evolution of Intelligence Reform, 2002–2004: A Personal Perspective." Studies in Intelligence 56, no. 3 (Sep. 2012): 1-20. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol.-56-no.-3/pdfs/Zelikow-Reflections%20on%20Reform-18Sep2012.pdf]

In 2002, "intelligence reform was being pushed on the agenda by arguments about 9/11. But it was also being pushed on the agenda by emergence of a new dimension: the problem of domestic intelligence.... By the beginning of 2004 yet another large issue was in play: the intelligence failure over weapons of mass destruction in Iraq....

"[T]he 9/11 Commission recommendation had provided important political momentum to the push for a DNI. But the actual form this took in the legislation owed more to ... other influences in both the administration and on Capitol Hill....

"[A]n eternal question lingers: At what point does an unsatisfac- tory compromise become too unsat- isfactory? The best may be the enemy of the good. But when is good enough?"


Zelizer, Julian E. Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Securit -- From World War II to the War on Terrorism. New York: Basic Books, 2009.

According to Smith, Joint Force Quarterly 60 (Jan. 2011), the author "argues that, far from being an incidental factor in foreign policymaking, domestic factors have always been prominent.... From Franklin Roosevelt to Barack Obama, there has rarely, if ever, been a period of national consensus over international affairs." Much of Zelizer's argument is not new, "but never before has anybody laid out so comprehensively the partisan debates over foreign policy.... Among the most exciting attributes of Arsenal of Democracy is its grasp of the relevant literature. On everything from Vietnam to Iraq, Zelizer uses the most recent, accurate, respected scholarship."


Zembsch-Schreve, Guido. Pierre Lalande: Special Agent. London: Leo Cooper, 1996.

http://www.cloakanddagger.com/dagger: "A member of the Dutch Army in exile, sent to England to join the SOE, parachuted into France to run a very successful resistance network. Captured by the Gestapo, he survived Buchenwald, Ravensbruck, slave labor at a V-2 base."

[UK/WWII/Services/SOE; WWII/Eur/Fr/Res]

Zengel, Patricia. "Assassination and the Law of Armed Conflict." Military Law Review 134 (1991): 123-135.

Calder: The author "concludes that there is no longer any convincing justification for retaining a unique rule of international law that treats assassination apart from other uses of force."


Zepezauer, Mark. The CIA's Greatest Hits: The Real Story Series. Tucson, AZ: Odonian Press, 1994.

Surveillant 3.6: "A brief [96 pages] anti-CIA sweep through history, chronicling what this author deems forty-two of the CIA's biggest crimes.... Brief, two-page summaries, each accompanied by a cartoon."


Zervoudakis, Alexander. "'Nihil mirare, nihil contemptare, omnia intelligere': Franco-Vietnamese Intelligence in Indochina, 1950-1954." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 195-229.

Abstract: "This article analyses French intelligence in Indochina at the height of the war (1950-54), and the contribution made by the [V]ietnamese in the intelligence effort. The effectiveness of this effort is demonstrated by the use of operational examples."


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