Z - Zef

Zabetakis, Stanley G., and John F. Peterson. "The Diyarbkir Radar." Studies in Intelligence 8, no. 4 (Fall 1964): 41-47.

The authors "describe a ground-based radar at Diyarbakir, in eastern Turkey, which is not unlike other radar systems currently deployed to satisfy S&T intelligence collection requirements."


Zacek, Pavel. "The Origins and Development of the Czechoslovak Interior Ministry First Directorate: Communist Espionage in the 1950s." Journal of Intelligence History 5, no. 1 (Summer 2005). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

From Abstract: "Collaboration and internal conduct of affairs between Moscow and Prague are connected with structures and intentions of the clandestine service. Exact figures, as well as names and codenames of intelligence chiefs," are given, as well as "detailed information about strategic aims and tactical movements in Europe at the height of a secret war between East and West."


Zacharias, Ellis M. "Eighteen Words That Bagged Japan." Saturday Evening Post. 17 Nov. 1945, 17, 117-120. [Winkler]


Zacharias, Ellis M. Secret Missions: The Story of an Intelligence Officer. New York: Putnam, 1946. New York: Paperback Library, 1961. [pb] Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2003.

Clark comment: Zacharias was a 23-year-old ensign when the Navy sent him to Japan in 1920 to become one of the few U.S. officers trained in the Japanese language.

Pforzheimer notes that the "book includes discussion of pre-WWII espionage activities and of the U.S. Navy's psychological warfare campaign against Japan." To Kruh, Cryptologia 30.2 (Apr. 2006), this story by "a remarkable man ... will keep you turning the pages." Constantinides calls the book "an indispensable record of ONI for the period he was associated with it and for the cryptologic and CI history of the prewar effort against Japan."

See also Maria Wilhelm, The Man Who Watched the Rising Sun: The Story of Admiral Ellis M. Zacharias (New York: Watts, 1967).

[Interwar/U.S.; MI/Navy/Interwar; WWII/Services/Navy]

Zacharias, Ellis M. "What Should the New Administration Do About Psychological Warfare?" Foreign Policy Bulletin 32 (Mar. 1953): 4-6.


Zacharias, Ellis M., and Ladislas Farago. Behind Closed Doors: The Secret History of the Cold War. New York: Putnam, 1950.

Wilcox: "Covert operations, subversion, propaganda."

[GenPostwar/ColdWar; GenPostwar/Immediate]

Zacks, Richard. The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805. New York: Hyperion, 2005.

According to Peake, Studies 50.1 (Mar. 2006), the author details William Eaton's covert mission to rescue the sailors and Marines held in Tripoli after the frigate Philadelphia ran aground in the harbor and was captured along with its crew in 1803. The work "is a carefully documented, exciting, little-known story." It reminds us that "covert actions, even when successful, are politically risky and not always career enhancing." Ledeen, National Review, 27 Jun. 2005, says that "Zacks gets it right ... putting events into their proper context."


Zadka, Saul. Blood in Zion: How the Jewish Guerrillas Drove the British Out of Palestine. London: Brassey's, 1995.

Maglio, I&NS 12,2, sees Blood in Zion as "a complete review of structure, tactics, operations" of the Irgun. While "[n]o study of such a complex and important subject is likely to be exhaustive,... this book is certainly one of the most thorough examinations of the 1940s Jewish terrorist campaign and subsequent British reaction. A wide bibliography of primary and secondary sources includes invaluable interviews with some of the protagonists of the armed insurrection."


Zagel, James. "The State Secrets Privilege." Minnesota Law Review 50 (1965-1966): 875-910. [Calder]


Zagorin, Adam. "A Rogue's Revenge." Time, 19 Dec. 2005, 63.

Edwin Wilson "has filed a lawsuit in a Houston federal court" against the prosecutors who sent him to prison for 22 years. He continues to claim that "his foreign crimes were committed at least implicitly under the direction and authority of the CIA."


Zagorin, Adam, and Elaine Shannon. "Behind Negroponte's Move." Time, 4 Jan. 2007. [http://www.time.com]

John D. Negroponte's departure as DNI "after little more than 20 months on the job is being viewed as a setback for America's beleaguered spy community and the continuity of leadership at the top that many believe it needs. By most accounts, Negroponte did a creditable job as DNI."


Zaloga, Steven J. "The Missiles of October: Soviet Ballistic Missile Forces during the Cuban Crisis." Journal of Soviet Military Studies 3, no. 2 (Jun. 1990): 307-323.

Calder notes that this article includes an "[e]xtensive discussion of US intelligence efforts to collect advanced information on missiles in Cuba."


Zaloga, Steven J., and James Loop. Soviet Bloc Elite Forces. London: Osprey, 1986.

Wilcox: KGB border guards, Spetznaz, GRU reconnaissance.


Zamost, Scott, and Kyra Phillips. "CNN Exclusive: FBI Misconduct Reveals Sex, Lies and Videotape." CNN, 27 Jan. 2011. [http://www.cnn.com]

CNN has obtained "confidential summaries of FBI disciplinary reports, which describe misconduct by agency supervisors, agents and other employees over the last three years. The reports, compiled by the FBI's Office of Professional Responsibility, are e-mailed quarterly to FBI employees, but are not released to the public.... [T]he FBI confirms that about 325 to 350 employees a year receive some kind of discipline, ranging from a reprimand to suspension. About 30 employees each year are fired."


Zapotosky, Matt. "Ex-CIA Officer Convicted in Leak Case Sentenced to 3 1/2 Years in Prison." Washington Post, 11 May 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 11 May 2015, a U.S. District Judge sentenced Jeffrey Sterling to 3 1/2 years in prison for "leaking classified information to New York Times reporter James Risen." See also, Matt Apuzzo, "Ex-C.I.A. Officer Gets Prison Term for Leak to a Times Journalist," New York Times, 12 May 2015, A14.


Zapotosky, Matt. "Former CIA Officer Convicted in Leak Case." Washington Post, 26 Jan. 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 26 January 2015, former CIA officer Jeffrey Sterling was convicted in U.S District Court "of nine counts of unauthorized disclosure of national defense information and other related charges" relating to his giving classified information to New York Times reporter James Risen. See also, Matt Apuzzo, "C.I.A. Officer Is Found Guilty in Leak Tied to Times Reporter," New York Times, 26 Jan. 2015.


Zapp, Greg. "Former Attorney General [William P. Barr] Comments on Intelligence and Law Enforcement." Periscope 18, no. 6 (1993): 1.

This is a report on remarks by Barr, the last Attorney General in the Bush Administration and a CIA employee 1973-1977, at an AFIO luncheon 7 June 1993 at Fort Myers Officers' Club. Barr stated: "US involvement [in a coup attempt against Noriega], had Noriega been killed, would not have been legally considered assassination."

In other remarks, Barr noted that "[s]ome of the difficulties that arise in the Intelligence Community's cooperation with the Department of Justice result from different mission requirements: the Intelligence Community needs to protect sources and methods while Law Enforcement needs to identify sources in order to prosecute.... In Mr. Barr's analysis, if Intelligence is to support Law Enforcement, American intelligence agencies will have to organize to improve dissemination."

[Liaison/U.S./Domestic; Overviews/Legal/Assassination][c]

Zarate, Juan C. "The Emergence of a New Dog of War: Private International Security Companies, International Law, and the New World Disorder." Stanford Journal of International Law 34 (Winter 1998): 75-185. [Calder]


Zedric, Lance Q. Silent Warriors of World War II: The Alamo Scouts Behind Japanese Lines. Ventura, CA: Pathfinder Publishing, 1994.

Dilley, MI 21.2 (similar in CIRA Newsletter 20.3.), notes that the Alamo Scouts were activated in November 1943 as the Sixth Army Special Reconnaissance Unit. In this book, the author "breaks new ground.... Finally, the Alamo Scouts receive the recognition they deserve for their two years of service behind the lines.... Alamo Scout missions ... [ran] the special operations gamut, from intelligence/reconnaissance patrols to raids on POW camps and training and leading local guerrilla units."

According to Fischer, Special Warfare 11.3, the Alamo Scouts carried out 106 missions before they were disbanded in September 1945. "Most of the missions focused on intelligence-gathering, although some of the later missions ... were in the nature of liaison work with Philippine guerrillas." Zedric's work "contains some shortcomings that detract from its contribution to one's understanding the Pacific War." For instance, there is an "excessive dependence on secondary sources" and oral histories. And he "uncritically accepts the[] accuracy" of the diary accounts he uses. Also missing "is any mention of how the Japanese saw the Alamo Scouts." For these reasons, the book "should not ... be seen as the final word on the topic."


Zedric, Lance Q., and Michael F. Dilley. Elite Warriors: 300 Years of America's Best Fighting Troops. Ventura, CA: Pathfinder Publishing of California, 1996.

Covers "Pre-Revolutionary War Formations," "Revolutionary War Period," "Post-Revolutionary War Units," "Civil War Period," "Post-Civil War Units," "World War II," and "Post-World War II Period."


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