Wine - Wink


Winer, Stan. "History Archive (SAHA) Wins Access to 'Secret' Apartheid-Era Documents." African Eye News Service, 24 Jul. 2002. []

"The South African History Archive (Saha) has reached an out of court settlement in a landmark case for access to apartheid-era military intelligence records. The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) agreed to hand over the documents" on 6 August 2002.


Wines, Michael. "Bigger Role Laid to Suspected Spy." Los Angeles Times, 28 Nov. 1985, 1, 10.


Wines, Michael. "Cold-War Riddle: A Most Unusual Spy." New York Times, 23 Jan. 1990, A10. [Petersen]

Concerns arrest by Soviet Union of alleged U.S. spy "Donald F." See also Frank W. Lewis, "The Day of the Dodo," Cryptologia 16, no. 1 (1990): 11-12; NSI Advisory, Editors, "Spy Arrested by Soviets Was Top U.S. Agent," 5, no. 7 (1990): 10; Lisa Beyer, "'Top Hat' Knocked Off: Moscow Discloses the Capture of a Master Spy," Time, 29 Jan. 1990, 54; and Elaine Shannon, "Death of the Perfect Spy." Time, 24 Jun. 2001.

Raymond L. Garthoff, "Polyakov's Run," Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 56, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 2000): 37-40, discusses the deception/disinformation aspects of the FBI-Army intelligence operation using Sgt. Joseph Cassidy, described in David Wise, Cassidy's Run (2000), in connection with a similar operation run through Soviet Col. Dmitri Polyakov (Top Hat/Bourbon).


Wines, Michael. "Independent Watchdog Takes Post at C.I.A." New York Times, 30 Nov. 1990. []

Frederick P. Hitz, a former CIA "undercover officer," began work on 29 November 1990 as the CIA's "first independent inspector general." Hitz will report to DCI William H. Webster, but "can be removed from his job only by the President."

[CIA/90s/90-92 & Components/DCI]

Wines, Michael. "Putin Narrowly Wins Russian Election in the First Round." New York Times, 27 Mar. 2000. []


Wines, Michael. "Putin Once Decorated as a Spy, but Few Agree on His Deeds." New York Times, 10 Jan. 2000. []

There is little to confirm accounts in the German press that Russian "President Vladimir V. Putin was decorated for his work as a K.G.B. agent in East Germany during the 1980's, and was even expelled from West Germany at one point after being identified as a Soviet spy.... Putin, who became Russia's acting president when President Boris N. Yeltsin resigned on Dec. 31, [1999,] entered the K.G.B.'s foreign intelligence arm ... in 1975. He is said to have left the service in 1990 after spending most of his career in Dresden, then an East German city frequented by Western businesspeople."


Wines, Michael. "Russia Turns Drug Arrest Into Spy Case." New York Times, 28 Feb. 2001. []

On 27 February 2001, the Russian domestic intelligence agency, the Federal Security Service (FSB), announced that "an American graduate student, arrested nearly a month ago on seemingly minor drug charges, was probably working for United States military intelligence." The FSB said that Fulbright scholar John Edward Tobin "had studied Russian at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, Calif., and had been trained in interrogation at the Army military intelligence training center in Fort Huachuca, Ariz."

Michael Wines, "Fulbright Scholar Freed After 6 Months in Russian Jail," New York Times, 4 Aug. 2001, reports that Tobin was freed on 3 August 2001 after serving "roughly six months of a 37-month sentence -- later reduced to one year -- for possessing less than two-tenths of an ounce of marijuana and sharing it with others."


Wines, Michael. "Spy Reportedly Unmasked by China Defector." Los Angeles Times, 5 Sep. 1986, 1, 12.


Wines, Michael, and Ronald J. Ostrow. "Cuban Defector Claims Double Agents Duped U.S." Washington Post, 12 Aug. 1987, A8.

[CIA/80s/Gen; LA/Cuba/Gen]

Winfield, Nicole. "Italy Appeals Court Ups US Sentences in CIA Trial." Associated Press, 15 Dec. 2010. []

On 15 December 2010, an Italian appeals court "increased the sentences against 23 Americans convicted in the kidnapping" of Egyptian terror suspect Abu Omar in 2003. "[T]he court added one year to the eight-year term handed down to former Milan CIA station chief Robert Seldon Lady and two years onto the five-year terms given to 22 other Americans convicted along with him, defense lawyers said."

[CIA/10s/10; OtherCountries/Italy/PostCW]

Wingate, Ronald. Not in the Limelight. London: Hutchinson, 1959.

Constantinides notes that the author was at one time deputy in London Controlling Section (LCS), the group that planned and coordinated British deception in World War II. Nevertheless, only one chapter in this book deals with the deceptions with which he as involved. "Much of what he relates has become better known, but ... the book is still a good, concentrated exposition on deception."


Winkel, Brian J., Cipher A. Deavours, David Kahn, and Louis Kruh. The German Enigma Cipher Machine: Beginnings, Success and Ultimate Failure. Boston and London: Artech House, 2005.

From publisher: This volume "contains original essays, historical and technical papers, and translations of historical materials and retrospectives concerning the German Enigma Cipher machine. You get a comprehensive view of the Enigma machine's development, uses, role in WWII Allied intelligence, and cryptanalysis. All the papers in this volume are reprints of classic articles that originally appeared in the pages of Cryptologia."


Winkler, Allan M. The Politics of Propaganda: The Office of War Information, 1942-1945. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1978.

Clark comment: The author's "Bibliographic Essay" and "Bibliography" are excellent starting points for learning more about OWI. The listing of "Unpublished Materials" is particularly useful. Kisatsky, I&NS 14.3, 181/fn.35, comments that Winkler "gives a good general treatment of the Office of War Information's wartime activities."


Winkler, H. Donald. Stealing Secrets: How a Few Daring Women Deceived Generals, Impacted Battles, and Altered the Course of the Civil War. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House, 2010.

The reviewer for Publishers Weekly (via calls this a "breezy overview of 36 women who spied for the Confederacy and the Union."

[CivWar/Conf/Women & Un/Women]

Winks, Robin W. Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961. New York: Morrow, 1987. London: Collins/Harvill, 1987. 2d. ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.

Robin W. Winks, Yale University history professor, died on 7 April 2003 at the age of 72. Winks, a prolific author on a wide range of subjects, "may best be remembered for 'Cloak and Gown: Scholars in the Secret War, 1939-1961,' which garnered much attention for revealing the great extent to which American spy agencies had recruited Ivy League university faculty and students." Adam Bernstein, "Espionage Historian Robin Winks Dies," Washington Post, 9 Apr. 2003, B6.

Friedman, Parameters 27 (Summer 1997), notes that the second edition of this' book "corrects errors in the first edition and expands on some of the earlier material." Winks's chapter on the career of James J. Angleton is "the best and most complete treatment" of this "complex and controversial character." Robarge, Studies 53.4 (Dec. 2009), calls the chapter "the most insightful biographical sketch of Angleton yet written."

Thomas Powers, NYRB, 17 Aug. 1989, and Intelligence Wars (2004), 125-126, sees Cloak and Gown as "a fascinating and useful omnium-gatherum of information about intelligence built around short accounts of the careers of four Yale men who worked for the OSS, including [James J.] Angleton.... Wicks provides a good portrait of the young Angleton in London and later in Italy" where he was chief of OSS' counterintelligence branch. To Gove, IJI&C 3.3, the book's detail "is tremendous" and it is "well written and exciting."

In a statement that is the very definition of sour grapes, NameBase says that "Winks is a history professor at Yale, a university which has thoroughly earned its reputation as the CIA's alma mater. That this should be a source of pride for Winks is par for the course." More to the point, Pisani, JAH 76.1, describes Winks' book as "brilliant," and finds interesting his suggestion that "the omission of one facet of scholarly endeavor, the final and critical writing stage, may cripple each and every intelligence project." 

Surveillant 1.1 notes a Sunday Times report on 1 April 1990 "that Lord BETHELL, Euro-MP and historian, accepted £20,000 libel damages and an apology from ... WINKS, William Collins his publishers, and Hartnolls the printers, over allegations in ... CLOAK AND GOWN." (See pp. 400 and 544, fn 44).

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