Wer - Wez

Werner, Ruth. Sonjas Rapport. Berlin: Verlag Neues Leben, 1977. Sonya's Report: The Fascinating Autobiography of One of Russia's Most Remarkable Secret Agents. London: Chatto & Windrus, 1991.

Surveillant 2.1 identifies Sonya's Report as the autobiography of a "Soviet agent and associate/lover of Richard Sorge." It is the "professional memoir of a Communist intelligence agent.... Her greatest coup: the passing of British A-bomb secrets from Klaus Fuchs to Stalin."

Ruth Werner (born Ursula Ruth Kuczynski in Berlin in 1907) died in Berlin on 7 July 2000 at the age of 93. Her obituary, "Ruth Werner," Times (London), 10 Jul. 2000, 27, termed her "[o]ne of the most effective agents for the Soviet Union in the early, tension-filled years of the Cold War." Werner's skills as a Soviet agent are illustrated by the continuation of her work dispatching Klaus Fuchs' take to Moscow for two years after her cover had been blown to British security. After fleeing the United Kingdom in 1949, she became "a key member" of the bureaucracy of the East German Communist Party, "in which she served for several decades."

See David Binder, "Ruth Werner, Colorful and Daring Soviet Spy, Dies at 93," New York Times, 23 Jul. 2000, 27; "Cold War Spy Ruth Werner," Washington Post, 9 Jul. 2000, C6; "Ruth Werner, Soviet Spy, Died on July 7th, Aged 93," The Economist, 13 Jul. 2000, 26; and Michael Hartland, "Sonia, The Spy Who Haunted Britain," Sunday Times, 15 Jul. 2000, 1, 3.

For more on Werner's life in the world of Communist espionage, read Benjamin B. Fischer, "Farewell to Sonia, the Spy Who Haunted Britain," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 61-76. Fischer notes that, strictly speaking, Werner "was not ... a spy. As a GRU ... agent and illegal who served as liaison between the Moscow Center and the real spies, she was rather a spy-handler." As SONIA of the Venona transcripts, she handled both Klaus Fuchs and Melita Norwood, work that "put[s] her in the superstar category" in espionage history.

[Russia/Memoirs; Russia/SovSpies/Name; Russia/WWII/Sorge & Spies]

Wertheim, W.F. "Whose Plot? New Light on the 1965 Events." Journal of Contemporary Asia 9, no. 2 (1979): 197-215.


Wescombe, Peter. Bletchley Park and the Luftwaffe: The Fall of France, the Battle of Britain and the Defence of Crete. Bletchley Park Report no. 8. Bletchley Park, UK: Bletchley Park Co. Ltd., 1997.

Kruh, Cryptologia 22.2: "Includes decrypted text of 20 German messages related to the defence of Crete."


Wescombe, Peter, and John Gallehawk. Getting Back into "Shark": H.M.S. Petard and the George Cross. Bletchley Park Report no. 5. Bletchley Park, UK: Bletchley Park Co. Ltd., 1997.

Kruh, Cryptologia 22.2: "The papers [taken from U-559] included the new Weather Code which led to cribs for messages enciphered by U-boats on the four-rotor Enigma."


West, Bing. The Strongest Tribe: War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq. New York: Random House, 2008.

Freedman, FA 88.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2009), says that the author "provides a full account of how the war has appeared to those doing the fighting."


West, Bing, and Ray L. Smith. The March Up: Taking Baghdad with the 1st Marine Division. New York: Bantam, 2003.

Warner, Studies 48.1, finds that "[t]his book is a reflection on the nature of war, and a well-told story."


West, Dalton A. "New Zealand's Intelligence Under Review." World Intelligence Review 15, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996): 1, 3-4.

West, Nigel.

West, Rebecca.

West, William J. The Truth about Hollis: An Investigation. London: Duckworth, 1989. Spymaster: The Betrayal of MI5. New York: Wynwood Press, 1990.

Westad, Odd Arne.

1. The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Berger, I&NS 23.1 (Feb. 2008), finds that this work "makes a tremendous contribution to the reframing of our understanding of the Cold War as a contest in which the Third World was central rather than peripheral." However, "he overstates the continuity between the post-1945 Cold War 'empires' of Washington and Moscow and the earlier formal colonial empires in the centuries prior to the Second World War."

To Ribnick, H-Soz-u-Kult, H-Net Reviews [http://www.h-net.org], the author's "research is indeed impressive." However, by providing "separate analyses of intervention in different areas of the world, Westad often leaves the reader with an incomplete frame of reference.... The book in its entirety contains all of the necessary information for an educated reader to understand Westad's thesis, but the sequencing of that information sometimes makes it difficult to comprehend."

2. ed. Reviewing the Cold War: Approaches, Interpretation, Theory. London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2000.

From advertisement: "Seventeen well-known scholars of international relations and history provide summaries of how they want to approach the Cold War -- or aspects of it -- as a study some ten years after the confrontation ended."


Westerfield, H. Bradford.

Western New England Law Review. "Administrative Law -- Defining the CIA's 'Intelligence Sources' as an Exception to the Freedom of Information Act -- CIA v. Sims, 105 S. Ct. 1881." 9 (1987): 333-360.


Western New England Law Review. "Constitutional Law -- International Travel Restrictions & the First Amendment: To Speak or Not to Speak? Haig v. Agee (101 S. Ct. 2766)." 4 (Winter 1982): 449-478.


Westing, Arthur. "The Environmental Component of Comprehensive Security." Bulletin of Peace Proposals 20, no. 2 (1989): 129-134.


Westrate, Bruce. The Arab Bureau: British Policy in the Middle East, 1916-1920. College Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988. 1994.

From publisher: "Founded in 1916, the Arab Bureau was a small collection of British intelligence officers headquartered in Cairo and charged with the task of coordinating imperial intelligence activities in the Middle East. It is most often remembered for its flamboyant cast of characters, particularly T. E. Lawrence, and its role in instigating the Arab Revolt to break Turkish control over the Arab-speaking Middle East.... [H]owever, the Bureau was vilified within imperial circles as a group of amateurish and incompetent pro-Arab dilettantes..... Westrate ... reassesses the role that the Bureau actually played within imperial policy-making circles .... [and] concludes that Bureau members were ... sober-minded strategists who were skillfully working to secure the region for imperial interests."


Westwood, James T. [LTCDR/USN] "Electronic Warfare and Signals Intelligence at the Outset of World War I." Cryptologic Spectrum 11, no. 2 (Spring 1981): 24-25. [https://www.nsa.gov/public_info/_files/cryptologic_spectrum/electronic_warfare.pdf]

When the British cut the five German underwater cables running under the English Channel, they forced the Germans to communicate with the rest of world via radio broadcasts. This, in turn, even if unintentionally, made possible the successes of the Admiralty's Room 40.


Wetterhahn, Ralph. The Mayaguez Incident and the End of the Vietnam War. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2001.

According to Bartlett, Proceedings 127.7 (Jul. 2001), this work "adds nothing new about the chain of events that took place in the Gulf of Siam in 1975." However, the author "does provide ... new details about the tragic outcome." The reviewer is "unconvinced" by Wetterhahn's argument that three Marines left behind on Koh Tang Island were not dead at the time of the withdrawal. In addition, the book does not include a bibliography and has "a number of factual errors."


Wetterhahn, Ralph. "Ravens of Long Tieng." Air & Space/Smithsonian, Oct.-Nov. 1998.1998. [http://www.airspacemag.com/military-aviation/ravens.html]

Long Tieng was in the north central highlands of Laos, and served as Hmong leader Vang Pao's headquarters from 1962. It was also a Lima Site from which U.S. Air Force forward air controllers (known by the radio callsign of Ravens) flew in support of the covert war in Laos. The article includes some oral history (reminiscences) by former Ravens, which makes it worth a read.


Wettering, Frederick L.

Wettig, Gerhard. Broadcasting and Detente: Eastern Policies and Their Implications for East-West Relations. London: C. Hurst, 1977. [Cummings]


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