Wej - Weq


Weland, James. "Misguided Intelligence: Japanese Intelligence Officers in the Manchurain Incident, September 1931." Journal of Military History 58, no. 2 (Jul. 1994): 445-460.


Welch, Claude E., Jr. "Ideological Foundations of Revolution in Kwilu." African Studies Review 18, no. 2 (Sep. 1975): 116-128.


Welch, David A. "Intelligence Assessment in the Cuban Missile Crisis." Queen's Quarterly 100, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 421-437.


Welch, David A., and James G. Blight. "The Eleventh Hour of the Cuban Missile Crisis: An Introduction to the ExComm Transcripts." International Security 12, no. 3 (Winter 1987-1988): 5-29.


Welch, David A., James G. Blight, and Bruce J. Allyn. "Essence of Revision: Moscow, Havana, and the Cuban Missile Crisis." In The Use of Force: Military Power and International Politics, ed. Robert J. Art and Kenneth N. Waltz, 4th ed., 234-261. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1993.

[GenPostwar/60s/Missile Crisis]

Welchman, Gordon.

Taking note of Welchman's death on 8 October 1985, P.S. Milner-Berry, I&NS 1.2, says that Welchman "made probably the most important contribution of any to the solving of the German Enigma machine cypher." Beyond that, however, "the task of converting the original break-through into an effective organisation for the production of up-to-date intelligence" could not have been achieved without Welchman's leadership.

1. The Hut Six Story: Breaking the Enigma Codes. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982. Rev. ed. Cleobury Mortimer, Shropshire: M&M Baldwin, 1997.

According to Sexton, the author, a "key member of the ULTRA team," discusses the development of the Bombe and supplies "significant information on the recovery of the ENIGMA keys." Banister, I&NS 13.4, reminds us that the reissue of The Hut Six Story provides "an opportunity to read something written by the one person who really knew the story and who had contributed so much to it.... Parts of it are complex ... but it is well written, clearly expressed with human touches and with illustrations and diagrams essential to understanding."

2. "From Polish Bombe to British Bombe: The Birth of Ultra." Intelligence and National Security 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1986): 71-110.

The author compares the achievements of the Poles and British in the process leading to the breaking of the Enigma system. See also, in I&NS 1.2, letters by Jean Howard (p. 299) and Gilbert Bloch {pp. 299-301) expressing respect for Welchman and his work but "correcting errors" contained in the article.


Weldon, Curt [R-PA]. Countdown to Terror: The Top Secret Information that Could Prevent the Next Terrorist Attack on America and How the CIA Has Ignored It. Washington, DC: Regnery, 2005.

According to Mazzafro, NIPQ 21.3 (Sep. 2005), Representative Weldon's thesis "is that an Iranian source named Ali has valuable intelligence that the IC is ignoring at the peril of U.S. national security.... Unfortunately, Countdown to Terror tells us more about Congressman Weldon's inability to distinguish worthwhile intelligence from chaff than it does about alerting [American] citizens ... to threats the IC is ignoring."

Winn, Parameters 36.2 (Summer 2006), finds that Weldon, "[t]heorizing on why the intelligence community stubbornly refuses to work with his source, Ali,... postulates several theories: incompetence, obsolete approach, institutional memory, and fear.... The author's comments are well worth reading, although the reader will most likely agree with some and disagree with others."

[CIA/00s/Gen; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Weldon, L.B. Hard Lying: Eastern Mediterranean, 1914-1919. London: Herbert Jenkins, 1925.

Sheffy, I&NS 17.1/39, notes that Weldon was an Ib officer in Egypt.


Welham, Michael G., and Jacqui Welham. Frogman Spy: The Mysterious Disappearance of Commander Buster Crabb. London: W.H. Allen, 1990.

Weller, Geoffrey R.

Wellsted, Ian. SAS with the Maquis: In Action with the French Resistance, June-September 1944. London: Greenhill, 1994. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 1997. [pb]

The author ("Gremlin") parachuted deep into France behind the German lines on the night of D-Day with the advance reconnaissance party for A Squadron, 1st SAS.

[UK/WWII/Services/SAS; WWII/Eur/Fr]

Welsh, William. "Tomarchio Named DHS Deputy Director of Intelligence." Government Computer News, 4 Jan. 2006. [http://www.gcn.com]

"President Bush has appointed Jack Thomas Tomarchio, a former Army prosecutor and colonel in the Army reserve, as principal deputy assistant secretary of Homeland Security for information analysis."


Welzenbach, Donald E. "Observation Balloons and Reconnaissance Satellites." Studies in Intelligence 30, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 21-28.

Welzenbach, Donald E. "Science and Technology: Origins of a Directorate." Studies in Intelligence 30, no. 2 (Summer 1986): 13-26; and Studies in Intelligence 56, no. 3 (Sep. 2012): 65-78

The importance of this groundbreaking article to understanding the early history of the DS&T is illustrated by the numerous references to it (17 of the first 28 footnotes) in Jeffrey T. Richelson, "The Wizards of Langley: The CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology," Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1997), 82-103.


Welzenbach, Donald E., and Nancy Galyean. "Those Daring Young Men and Their Ultra-High-Flying Machines." Studies in Intelligence 31, no. 3 (Fall 1987): 103-115.

Wendt, Jeff. "A Feature Interview with Frans Bax, President, CIA University." Greentree Gazette, Nov. 2005. [http://www.greentreegazette.com/President/BaxFrans2.aspx]

Among his responses is the following about training in the CIA over time: "CIA created its first training establishment -- called the Office of Training and Education -- in 1950, shortly after CIA was created in 1947. But in the 1990's, after the Cold War ended, CIA went through a period of contraction that cut our training office to the bone. Virtually simultaneous with 9/11, then-Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet authorized the creation of CIA University to rebuild and expand CIA's ability to train a new generation of employees.... Our present Director Porter Goss is continuing to emphasize the importance of strong training."


Wenger, William V., and Fredric W. Young. "The Los Angeles Riots and Tactical Intelligence." Military Intelligence 18, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1992): 30-34.


Wennerström, Stig. Från början til slutet -- En spions memoarer. Stockholm: Bonniers, 1972.

This is Wennerström's autobiography. A German translation was published as Mein Verrat: Erinnerungen eines Spions (Munich: Herbig, 1973). Schilling, Studies 18.3 (Fall 1974), finds these memoirs "disappointing"; "they add very little" to already published accounts. The book is "especially repetitive of the detailed, lengthy excerpts from the Swedish police interrogations."


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