Was - Wats


Wasemiller, A. C. "The Anatomy of Counterintelligence." Studies in Intelligence 13, no. 1 (Winter 1969): 9-24.

"Describes the basic elements of a potential national counterintelligence (CI) organization: CI goals, structure, fundamentals, functions, domestic and foreign liaison, technical skills, security, reporting and records keeping, and its legal basis."


Washburn Law Journal. "Freedom of Information Act: CIA's Right to Nondisclosure Broadened by Liberal Definition of Intelligence Source (CIA v. Sims, 105 S. Ct. 1881)." 25 (Spring 1986): 586-597.


Washburn, Patrick S. "J. Edgar Hoover and the Black Press in World War II." Journalism History 13, no. 1 (1986): 26-33.

Calder says this article discusses "the FBI's activities concerning the Black press and suspected illegal activities and alleged ties with the American Communist Party."


Washburn, Philo C. Broadcasting Propaganda: International Radio Broadcasting and the Construction of Political Reality. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992. [Cummings]


Washington Post.

A - D

E - I

J - M

N - Z

Washington Times

Wasserman, Benno. "The Failure of Intelligence Predictions." Political Studies 8, no. 2 (Jun. 1960): 156-169.

Contrasts "intelligence" and "knowledge" in terms of what is needed for foreign policymaking.


Wasserstein, Bernard.

Wastell, Colin A. "Cognitive Predispositions and Intelligence Analyst Reasoning." International Journal of Intelligennce and CounterIntelligence 23, no. 3 (Fall 2010): 449-460.

"Intelligence failures will continue to happen, but greater awareness and procedures for minimizing natural reasoning biases will reduce their occurrence and severity."


Wastell, Colin A., Graeme Clark, and Piers Duncan. "Effective Intelligence Analysis: The Human Dimension." Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism 1 (2006): 36-53.


Wastell, David. "CIA Places Itself in Middle East Line of Fire." Telegraph (London), 25 Oct. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"The Clinton administration was criticised [on 24 October 1998] for allowing the Central Intelligence Agency too great and public a role in implementing the Middle East peace agreement."


Watanabe, Frank. "How to Succeed in the DI: Fifteen Axioms for Intelligence Analysts." Studies in Intelligence (1997): 45-47. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/97unclass/axioms.html]

The author has "tried to codify general rules that guide what we in the DI do on a daily basis, and ... would not presume to invent new tradecraft. But the new DI analyst, and more than a few old hands, would be well served by remembering these 15 principles in their everyday conduct, as I suspect that many will never be adopted officially."


Watanabe Kenji, ed. Kokosei ga ou Rikugun Noborito Kenkyujo [High School Students Track the Army Noborito Research Institute]. Tokyo: Kyoiku Shiryo Shuppankai, 1991. [Mercado, Studies 46.4/fn. 2]


Waterman, Shaun.

A - M

N - Z

Waters, Andrew W. All the U.S. Air Force Airplanes, 1907-1983. New York: Hippocrene, 1983.


Waters, T. J. Class 11: Inside the CIA’s First Post-9/11 Spy Class. New York: Dutton, 2006.

Clark comment: The author provides an interesting and fun read. I recommend it for anyone who would like to know how CIA case officers are initiated into their calling. It also makes plain the stresses that are placed -- even in the beginning phase of one's work life -- on the personal lives of those who choose the clandestine path. However, Waters' constant harping on the uniqueness of Class 11 becomes a bit annoying, if only because most classes (perhaps, every class) to go through the various versions of CIA training tended to regard themselves as unique. In addition, my class in the old JOT program of the mid-1960s certainly was not made up of a bunch of male-only, twentysomethings with no real-world experience (however true that may have been for me). That said, however, I laughed out loud at some of the events portrayed as they brought to mind similar (or even more outrageous) situations from a now-distant past. It seems to me that old Agency hands cannot avoid enjoying this book, even though they may not have experienced every element described. If the general public learns something from it, that is extra gravy.

LJ, AFIO WIN 15-06 (10 Apr. 2006), comments that the author recounts his days as a student learning the espionage trade and provides fascinating details about how contemporary spies are trained." Nolan, IJI&C 22.1 (Spring 2009), finds that the author's "description of the training he and his classmates underwent gives a tremendously detailed look at what is expected of the new recruits." However, there is no "serious analysis of the CIA's ills or those of the Intelligence Community overall."

For Lehman, Washingon Post, 26 Nov. 2006, this is a "very readable account of the first wave" of the rebuilding of the CIA's clandestine service. The author "offers a rare glimpse into what it is like to join this cadre and how its tradecraft is taught.... Waters has done an excellent job recounting his experiences." Johnson, I&NS 24.2 (Apr. 2009), says that "[s]ome of the more enjoyable aspects of the book are Waters' descriptions of various instructors and former case officers who attempt to teach these new recruits the tricks of the trade." This is a "highly readable and engaging book."

[CIA/00s/Gen; CIA/Components/DO; CIA/Memoirs]

Watkins, Ali. "Obama's Secret Elite Interrogation Squad May Not Be So Elite -- And Might Be Doomed." Huffington Post, 18 Aug. 2015. [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/]

Since its creation in August 2009, President Obama's High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group (HIG) has "often gets the first jab at America's most-wanted terror suspects." However, "Obama's limited reforms to how American detains, interrogates and prosecutes suspected terrorists are ad-hoc and fragile. His successor could scrap most of them -- the HIG included -- with the stroke of a pen."


Watkins, Gwen. Cracking the Luftwaffe Codes: The Secrets of Bletchley Park. London: Greenhill/Lionel Leventhal, 2006. St. Paul, MN: MBI, 2006.

According to Polmar, NIPQ 22.4 (Sep. 2006), the author was an 18-year-old RAF WAAF when she arrived at Bletchley Park in the summer of 1942. Watkins provides "a very personal look" at her involvement in the British codebreaking effort in World War II. Kruh, Cryptologia 31.1 (Jan. 2007), finds that "Watkins has written an interesting book that should appeal to anyone interested in World War II, code-breaking, or simply looking for a 'good read.'" For Foot, I&NS 22.6 (Dec. 2007), this book "is unusually well and clearly written." It "covers many domestic points left out in more mathematical studies, as well as illuminating actual methods of code breaking."



Watson-Smyth, Kate. "Enigma, Coding Machine that Cost Germans the War, Is Stolen." The Independent, 3 April 2000. [http://www.independent.co.uk]


Return to W Table of Contents

Return to Alphabetical Table of Contents