Wall - Walm


Wall, Robert [Aviation Week & Space Technology].

Wallace, Robert Daniel [LTCOL/USA]. "Eberstadt, Dulles and NSC 50: The Impetus for CIA Evolution through 1953." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 5 (Oct. 2011): 620-638.

From "Abstract": "This article examines the formation of the CIA, discusses [the Eberstadt and Dulles] reports, national policy changes enacted in response, and relevance to the US intelligence community's current operations."

[GenPostwar/40s/Gen & 50s/Gen]

Wallace, Robert, and H. Keith Melton, with Henry R. Schlesinger. Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs From Communism to Al-Qaeda. New York: Dutton, 2008.

Clark comment: The combination of the former director of the CIA's Office of Technical Service (OTS) and the holder of what is probably the best private collection of "spy gadgets" is a marriage made in book-producing heaven. This work makes for fascinating reading. Even if the reader may have heard of or even encountered some of the technical and operational marvels (or even the things that did not quite work) discussed in Spycraft, it is unlikely that many individuals know the associated back story of their creation. I won't argue that the details included in this book always make for easy reading, but the story telling does encourage the reader to forge on since something even more interesting is likely to appear on the next page.

Peake, Studies 52.2 (Jun. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), comments that this "[w]ell documented and thoroughly illustrated" book "is a long overdue tribute to an unsung group of 'techies' and all who support them in achieving amazing technical breakthroughs under difficult conditions." West, IJI&C 23.2 (Summer 2010), offers solid praise for this work. He calls it an "important publication" that is "[m]eticulously document[ed]." The authors cover "their subject comprehensively, with an informational gem to be found on every page." Spycraft is "an altogether unique contribution" that is simultaneously "fascinating" and educational."

For Joseff, CIRA Newsletter 33.2 (Summer 2008), "this is the most comprehensive, detailed, and revealing book written to date about the role of [TSS/TSD/]OTS in providing worldwide operational support to HUMINT collection.... The whole gamut of the traditional OTS disciplines are covered in depth." It is "a definitive history of technical support to clandestine operations." Brady, I&NS 26.2&3 (Apr.-Jun. 2011), finds the book to be "well written," "thoroughly researched," and "a significent addition to the historiography of science and technology."


Wallace, William S. [MAJGEN/USA], and William J. Tait, Jr. [LTCOL/USA] "Intelligence in the Division AWE: A Winner for the Next Millennium." Military Intelligence 24, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun.1998): 4-8.

Lessons from the Advanced Warfighting Experiment (AWE), held at Ft. Hood, TX, 5-13 November 1997.


Waller, Derek. The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1990.

Ferris, I&NS 7.4, comments that in the last half of the 19th century, the "Pundits" represented "a fully professional and modern intelligence service" that "was used for one task alone, the acquisition of geographical knowledge about areas beyond India's northern frontiers." Political intelligence collection was incidental to this main task, and the information gained was not trusted because it came from "natives." The story of this unit of the Survey of India is "far more a part of the history of geography than of secret intelligence in our sense of the word."


Waller, Douglas (Time)

Waller, J. Michael

Waller, John H.

Wallner, Paul F. "Open Sources and the Intelligence Community: Myths and Realities." American Intelligence Journal 14, nos. 2 & 3 (Spring-Summer 1993): 19-24.


Wallop, Malcolm. "Congressional Perspective: Intelligence for a Purpose." Comparative Strategy 14 (1995): 421, 423-424.

The author was a U.S. Senator (R-WY) when this was written.


Wallop, Malcolm. "U.S. Covert Action: Policy Tool or Policy Hedge?" Strategic Review 12, no. 3 (Summer 1984): 9-16.

The author was a U.S. Senator (R-WY) when this was written.


Wall Street Journal. "Ex-CIA Directors: Interrogations Saved Lives." 9 Dec. 2014. [http://www.wsj.com]

"The Senate Intelligence Committee has released its majority report on Central Intelligence Agency detention and interrogation in the wake of 9/11. The following response is from former CIA Directors George J. Tenet, Porter J. Goss and Michael V. Hayden (a retired Air Force general), and former CIA Deputy Directors John E. McLaughlin, Albert M. Calland (a retired Navy vice admiral) and Stephen R. Kappes:"

The Committee's report "is a missed opportunity to deliver a serious and balanced study of an important public policy question. The committee has given us instead a one-sided study marred by errors of fact and interpretation.... In no way would we claim that we did everything perfectly, especially in the emergency and often-chaotic circumstances we confronted in the immediate aftermath of 9/11.... [T]here were undoubtedly things in our program that should not have happened. When we learned of them, we reported such instances to the CIA inspector general or the Justice Department and sought to take corrective action....

"How did the committee report get [so many] things so wrong? Astonishingly, the staff avoided interviewing any of us who had been involved in establishing or running the program.... The excuse given ... is that CIA officers were under investigation by the Justice Department and therefore could not be made available. This is nonsense. The investigations referred to were completed in 2011 and 2012 and applied only to certain officers. They never applied to six former CIA directors and deputy directors, all of whom could have added firsthand truth to the study....

"We can only conclude that the committee members or staff did not want to risk having to deal with data that did not fit their construct. Which is another reason why the study is so flawed. What went on in preparing the report is clear: The staff picked up the signal at the outset that this study was to have a certain outcome.... The staff members then 'cherry picked' their way through six million pages of documents, ignoring some data and highlighting others, to construct their argument against the program's effectiveness."

See also the Website at http://www.ciasavedlives.com/. "This website was created by a group of former CIA officials with hundreds of years of combined service. They all have first-hand knowledge that the CIA's interrogation program was authorized, legal and effective. They also have in common that during its 5+ year investigation, the SSCI did not bother to contact them and seek their views."


Wall Street Journal. "The Real CIA News." 27 Aug. 2009. [http://online.wsj.com]

"Now that we've had a chance to read" the documents about CIA interrogations, "it's clear the real story isn't the few cases of abuse played up by the media. The news is that the program was thoughtfully developed, carefully circumscribed, briefed to Congress, and yielded information crucial to disrupting al Qaeda.... The outrage here isn't that government officials used sometimes rough interrogation methods to break our enemies. The outrage is that, years later, when the political winds have shifted and there hasn't been another attack, our politicians would punish the men and women who did their best to protect Americans in a time of peril."


Walls, William [CAPT/USN], and Lynwood Metts [MAJ/USAF]. "The Changing Role of Intelligence: Perspectives from the Pacific Theater." Defense Intelligence Journal 1, no. 1 (Spring 1992): 61-74.


Walmsley, David. "MI5 Traitor Freed after 14 Years." Telegraph (London), 13 May 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

Michael Bettaney, a "former MI5 agent jailed for trying to sell secrets to the Russians," was released from prison on 5 May 1998 after serving 14 years of a 23-year sentence.


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