S - Z

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Center for the Study of Intelligence. History Staff. Donald P. Steury, ed. Sherman Kent and the Board of National Estimates: Collected Essays. Washington, DC: 1994.

Sherman Kent chaired the Board of National Estimates from 1952 to 1967. His influence in that time on the way the CIA and the intelligence community prepared the centerpiece National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs) was substantial. This book brings together some of his writings on intelligence topics. Of particular siginificance is his article "The Law and Custom of the National Intelligence Estimate."

[Analysis/T&M/Kent (under Steury)][c]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Public Affairs Staff. "Stephen R. Kappes Assumes Duties As CIA Deputy Director." 25 Jul. 2006. [https://www.cia.gov]

"In a televised message to the CIA workforce [on 24 July 2006], Director Michael V. Hayden announced that Stephen R. Kappes has begun work as the Agency's Deputy Director.... [F]ormer Deputy Director, Vice Admiral Albert M. Calland III, USN,... [was] nominated by President Bush last month to be Deputy Director for Strategic Operational Planning at the National Counterterrorism Center."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Stories of Sacrifice and Dedication Civil Air Transport, Air America, and the CIA, at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/stories-of-sacrifice-dedication/index.html.

"The booklet and DVD contains essays, speech transcripts, excerpts from the CAT Bulletin ... and other materials.... Lima Site 85 explores the construction, use, and fall of a covert radar site in Laos that allowed the United States to bomb North Vietnam.... A CAT flight to recover an agent inside Communist China ... resulted in the capture and 20 year imprisonment of Jack Downey and Richard Fecteau, whose story was documented in the video, Extraordinary Fidelity on the CIA's YouTube Channel. There are two related collections: Clandestine Services Histories of Civil Air Transport and Air America: Upholding the Airmen's Bond."

[CA/Asia/CAT & Air America]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Strategic Warning and the Role of Intelligence: Lessons Learned From The 1968 Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia, at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/czech-invasion/index.html.

"The Czechoslovak crisis began in January 1968. The Czech communist leadership embarked on a program of dramatic liberalization of the political, economic, and social orders. These reforms triggered increasing Soviet concerns culminating in the invasion of 21 August 1968. This collection of documents pertains to these issues, the responses and analysis of this event in history."

[Analysis/Warning; GenPostwar/60s/Gen; OtherCountries/Czech]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The Strategic Investment Plan for Intelligence Community Analysis. Washington, DC: 2001. [https://www.cia.gov]

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostCW/00s/Gen]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Symposium on Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962, Held in McLean, VA, on October 19, 1992. Videotape. Washington, DC: 1994.

Surveillant 3.6: 40-minute video of panel discussion among members of Intelligence Community during the Kennedy Administration.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Center for the Study of Intelligence. David A. Peterson, compiler. Symposium on Teaching Intelligence, October 1-2, 1993. Washington, DC: 1994.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and Mathtech. Office of Research and Development. Thoughts on the Cost-Effectiveness of Deception and Related Tactics in the Air War, 1939-1945. Washington, DC: March 1979.

Constantinides: "The air war that is covered is really the RAF bomber offensive in Europe and in essence just night bombing.... The main conclusion and lesson, that wartime deception was cost-effective, is equally applicable to current military conflicts."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. The Trust. Arlington. VA: Security and Intelligence Foundation, 1989.

Petersen: "Reprint: Soviet deception targeting exiles, intelligence, and counterintelligence in the 1920s."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Unclassified Abstract of the CIA Inspector General's Report on the Aldrich H. Ames Case. Washington, DC: 1994.

Surveillant 4.4/5: "This abstract is 78 numbered paragraphs which constituted the summary, and includes a preface to the report by the IG."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Unclassified Summary of the Final Report of the Office of Inspector General Investigation of CIA's Handling of BNL-Related Matters, 14 January 1993. Washington, DC: 1993.

Surveillant 3.1: "Banca Nazionale del Lavorno (BNL).... [F]ocuses totally on CIA and lists a good number of shortcomings in CIA's responses to the BNL/DoJ matter."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. An Underwater Ice Station Zebra: Recovering a Secret Spy Satellite Capsule from 16,400 feet Below the Pacific Ocean, at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/underwater-ice-station-zebra/index.html.

On 26 April 1972, the U.S. Navy's deep sea submersible, the Trieste II Deep Sea Vehicle I (DSV-1), salvaged from 16,400 feet below a film capsule ("bucket") from a HEXAGON photoreconnaissance satellite, lost in the summer of 1971.


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