D - I

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and Mathtech. Office of Research and Development. Deception Maxims: Fact and Folklore. Washington, DC: January 1981.

Constantinides: "This is a commendable piece of work, high in quality and presented in language devoid of any pretension or scholarly jargon." It does not pretend to be the final word on the subject; "it is, rather, a pathfinding work."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Public Affairs Staff. "DNI and D/CIA Announce Establishment of the DNI Open Source Center." 8 Nov. 2005. [https://www.cia.gov/news-information/press-releases-statements/press-release-archive-2005/pr11082005.html]

[Text] "The Director of National Intelligence, John D. Negroponte, and the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Porter J. Goss, today announced the creation of the DNI Open Source Center (OSC) based at CIA, effective 1 November 2005.

"DCIA Porter Goss, who will administer the Center on behalf of the DNI, said, 'The DNI Open Source Center represents a major strategic initiative and commitment to the value we place on openly available information.'

"The Center will build on the established expertise of the CIA's Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) -- an organization that enjoys a long history of providing the US government highly valued open source products and services. The Center's functions will include collection, analysis and research, training, and information technology management to facilitate government-wide access and use.

"The Center's director will be Douglas J. Naquin, a senior CIA manager with extensive experience in the open source and information technology fields. Mr. Naquin most recently served as the Director of FBIS. He will be assisted by two deputies: one will focus on the Center's day-to-day operations; the other will be responsible for Community Integration. The Center's director will report directly to the CIA Deputy Director in executing strategy, policy, and program guidance established by the DNI through his Assistant Deputy Director for Intelligence for Open Source."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Directorate of Intelligence.

1. Eastern Europe: Reforms Spur Recovery. Washington, DC: July 1994.

2. Eastern Europe: Struggling to Stay on the Reform Track. Washington, DC: July 1992.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Extracts from Studies in Intelligence to Commemorate the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution. Washington, DC: 1987.

Includes articles by Fred F. Manget, "Presidential War Powers," pp. 91- 104; John S. Warner, "Where Secrecy Is Essential," pp. 45-64; and William H. Webster, "With Fidelity to the Constitution," pp. 85-90.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Factbook on Intelligence. Washington, DC: Yearly.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Center for the Study of Intelligence. History Staff. "Fifteen DCIs' First 100 Days." Studies in Intelligence 38, no. 5 (1995): 53-63.

Vignettes of the first 100 days of DCIs from Souers to Gates. Originally prepared in January 1993 as a background paper for incoming DCI Woolsey.


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. "Glossary of Intelligence Terms and Definitions." In U.S. Congress. House. Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Annual Report. 95th Cong., 2d sess. Washington, DC: GPO, 1978. [Petersen]


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Office of General Counsel. Guide to Law of Central Intelligence Agency. 5 vols. Washington, DC: Updated through 1990.

Lowenthal notes that this "[e]xtremely useful compilation of laws, executive orders, and judicial decisions" includes footnotes that "are especially useful in tracking developments and changes over time."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Intelligence Community and Policymaker Integration: A Studies in Intelligence Anthology. Washington, DC: 2014. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/intelligence-community-and-policymaker-integration/index.html]

"This compendium of previously published articles from Studies in Intelligence spans some fifty years and focuses on key aspects of the Intelligence Community (IC) relationship with US policymakers.... [T]hese essays touch upon fundamental issues that perpetually test intelligence producers and consumers alike -- issues at the heart of current day controversies swirling around the US Intelligence Community."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Intelligence, Policy, and Politics: The DCI, the White House, and Congress, at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/intel-policy-and-politics/index.html.

"[O]ver 800 recently declassified documents[,]... covering 1946 to 1953, focus on the activities of the first four DCIs: Sidney W. Souers, Hoyt S. Vandenberg, Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter and Walter B. Smith, and include office logs, memorandums, reports and various correspondence from each DCI's tenure."

[CIA/DCIs/Souers-Vandenberg-Hillenkoetter & Smith]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Intelligence in the War of Independence. Washington, DC: 1976.

Constantinides calls this a "quick and commendable introduction to the subject."


U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Ed., Donald P. Steury. Intentions and Capabilities: Estimates on Soviet Strategic Forces, 1950-1983. Washington, DC: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1996.

This is a selection of 41 National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs) on Soviet strategic capabilities and intentions from the 1950s to 1983. Only the shorter NIEs have been reproduced in their entirety; for the longer Estimates, the "Summaries" and "Key Judgments," along with extracts from their other sections, are included.

Cohen, FA 75.5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996), sees this compendium as "an indispensable window into one of the central issues confronting the American national security establishment." Prados, JAH 83.4, finds that "a good selection of the relevant material" has been made. While this is "a useful contribution,... it has major drawbacks." These include the fact that much of information is "culled" from longer documents, giving the materials a fragmentary nature. Deletions for security reasons is a continuing problem. And the CIA "has failed adequately to identify the originals, which are given titles but not dated."

[Analysis/Sov (under Steury)][c]

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