Twf - Tz


Twichell, Heath, Jr. Allen: The Biography of an Army Officer, 1859-1930. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1974. Attaché in Russia and Germany, 1889-1898.


Twigge, Stephen, Edward Hampshire, and Graham Macklin. British Intelligence: Secrets, Spies and Sources. London: National Archives, 2008.

Peake, Studies 53.1 (Mar. 2009) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), finds this to be "a flawed work." There are "more than 100 facts mentioned in the narrative [that] are either not documented at all or not supported by the sources cited.... The errors concerning the 'Cambridge spy ring' are particularly egregious, since no citations at all are provided and the truth has been publicly known for years." Similarly, West, IJI&C 22.4 (Winter 2009), refers to "the book's blend of unreliable opinion, unsubstantiated claims, and sheer inaccuracy."


Twigge, Stephen, and Len Scott. Planning Armageddon: Britain, the United States and the Command of Western Nuclear Forces 1945-1964. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000.

O'Driscoll, I&NS 19.4 (Winter 2004), finds this work to be "a cornucopia of information.... The book is a testament to the painstaking research and detailed technical knowledge of the authors."


Twining, David T. "The KAL Incident." Military Intelligence 10, no. 3 (1984): 7-9.


Twining, David T. "Soviet Strategic Culture: The Missing Dimension." Intelligence and National Security 4, no. 1 (Jan. 1989): 169-187.

Although perhaps a little "political sciency" for some tastes, this article makes some interesting points. It is presented as a "review article" of Tom Gervasi, The Myth of Soviet Military Supremacy (1986), but goes well beyond that limit. The author examines "the methodological and epistemological attributes of Soviet strategic culture as a critical means for improving intelligence analysis.... Strategic culture is those attitudes, values and beliefs relating to the preparation for and conduct of war.... Western analyses of the Soviet threat ... have given scant attention to the requirement to assess Soviet strategic developments as perceived through Moscow's own lens."


Twining, David Thomas. Strategic Surprise in the Age of Glasnost. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1992. [Seymour]


Tyas, Stephen. "Adolf Eichmann: New Information from British Signals Intelligence." In Secret Intelligence and the Holocaust, ed. David Bankier, 213-244. New York: Enigma, 2006.


Tyas, Stephen. "Allied Intelligence Agencies and the Holocaust: Information Acquired from German Prisoners of War." Holocaust and Genocide Studies 22, no. 1 (2008): 1-24.


Tyler, Patrick E. "Intelligence Break Led U.S. to Tie Envoy Killing to Iraqi Qaeda Cell."  New York Times, 6 Feb. 2003. []

"An intelligence breakthrough in the last several weeks made it possible for Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to set forth the first evidence of what he said was a well developed cell of Al Qaeda operating out of Baghdad that was responsible for the assassination of the American diplomat Laurence Foley last October."


Tyler, Patrick E. "Russia Expels 4 Americans and Vows 'Other Measures.'" New York Times, 24 Mar. 2001. []

On 23 March 2001, a Russian Foreign Ministry official said that Russia "was expelling four United States diplomats for 'activities incompatible with their status,' the diplomatic phrase for espionage, and added that it would take 'other measures to halt the unlawful activities' of official American representatives."


Tyler, Patrick E. "Russian Panel May Urge Release of American Convicted of Spying." New York Times, 8 Dec. 2000. []

Anatoly I. Pristavkin, the chairman of Russia's presidential pardon commission, predicted on 7 December 2000 "that the panel would quickly recommend the release of Edmond Pope, the American businessman convicted of espionage" on 6 December 2000.


Tyler, Patrick E. "Russian President to Free American Imprisoned as Spy." New York Times, 10 Dec. 2000. []

On 9 December 2000, Russia President Vladimir V. Putin said "that he would accept the recommendation of his presidential pardon commission to set free Edmond Pope.... His release is expected as early as 14 December 2000.


Tyler, Patrick. "Supersecret Work Revealed." Washington Post, 28 May 1986, A1.


Tyson, Ann Scott. "Ability to Wage 'Long War' Is Key To Pentagon Plan; Conventional Tactics De-Emphasized." Washington Post, 4 Feb. 2006, A1. []

The Defense Department's latest Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) "concentrates on ... defeating terrorist networks; countering nuclear, biological and chemical weapons; dissuading major powers such as China, India and Russia from becoming adversaries; and creating a more robust homeland defense.

"Central to the first two goals is a substantial 15 percent increase in U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF), now with 52,000 personnel, including secret Delta Force operatives skilled in counterterrorism. The review calls for a one-third increase in Army Special Forces battalions...; an increase in Navy SEAL teams; and the creation of a new SOF squadron of unmanned aerial vehicles to 'locate and target enemy capabilities' in countries where access is difficult. In addition, civil affairs and psychological operations units will gain 3,500 personnel, a 33 percent increase, while the Marine Corps will establish a 2,600-strong Special Operations force for training foreign militaries, conducting reconnaissance and carrying out strikes."

[MI/00s/06; MI/SpecOps/00s]

Tyson, Ann Scott. "Study Urges CIA Not To Cede Paramilitary Functions to Pentagon." Washington Post, 5 Feb. 2005, A8. []

According to senior defense officials on 4 February 2005, a study contracted by the Pentagon and carried out by McLean-based Booz Allen Hamilton "has concluded that the Defense Department should not take charge of the CIA's paramilitary functions." The study considered how to act on the 9/11 commission's recommendation "that lead responsibility for covert and clandestine paramilitary operations be ... consolidated under the ... Special Operations Command.... The study's conclusion ... reflects an emerging consensus among current and former defense, military and intelligence officials that it is more logical for the CIA to retain its relatively modest paramilitary force."

[CIA/00s/05/Gen; MI/00s/05; MI/SpecOps/00s]

Tyson, Ann Scott, and Dana Priest. "Pentagon Seeking Leeway Overseas: Operations Could Bypass Envoys." Washington Post, 24 Feb. 2005, A1. []

According to administration officials, "[t]he Pentagon is promoting a global counterterrorism plan that would allow Special Operations forces to enter a foreign country to conduct military operations without explicit concurrence from the U.S. ambassador there."

[MI/00s/05; MI/SpecOps/00s]

Tyson, James L. "The EOU vs. Hitler's Mini-Missiles." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 12, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 80- 87.

The author worked in the Enemy Objectives Unit (EOU) of OSS London from November 1943. The EOU was staffed primarily by economists (including Charles Kindleberger, Carl Kaysen, Robert Roosa, and W.W. Rostow) and performed research and analysis work on identifying strategic targets in Germany for the Combined Strategic Targets Committee (CSTC). See also, W.W. Rostow, "The Beginnings of Air Targeting," Studies in Intelligence 7, no. 1 (Winter 1963): A1-A24; and "Waging Economic Warfare from London," Studies in Intelligence 36, no. 5 (1992): 73-79.


Tyson, James L. U.S. International Broadcasting and National Security. New York: Ramapo, 1983.


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