Tj - Ton


Tkachenko, Maxim. "Official: KGB Chief Ordered Hitler's Remains Destroyed." CNN, 11 Dec. 2009. []

The head archivist of Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), Gen. Vasily Khristoforov, told Interfax in an interview published on 7 December 2009 that the remains of Adolf Hitler, his wife Eva Braun, Nazi Germany's propaganda chief, Joseph Goebbels; and Goebbels' entire family "were burned in 1970 by Soviet KGB agents and thrown into a river in Germany on direct orders" from "KGB chief Yuri Andropov, with prior consent from the Soviet Communist Party leadership."


Todd, Paul, and Jonathan Bloch. Global Intelligence: The World's Secret Services Today. London: Zed Books, 2003.

Peake, Studies 49.1 (2005), notes that the authors "assume that the end of the Cold War left intelligence agencies scrambling for work, never realizing that the mission finds the agency, not the other way around." Nevertheless, this book "presents ideas and alternative views worth consideration."


Todd, Paul, Jonathan Bloch, and Patrick Fitzgerald. Spies, Lies and the War on Terrorism. London: Zed Books, 2009.

This book recasts the Eastern Bloc's anti-U.S., anti-CIA, anti-imperialism verbiage of the Cold War for use in today's environment. Peake, Studies 55.1 (Mar. 2011), very kindly comments that that it "presents an unbalanced assessment flowing from flawed assumptions."


Toffler, Alvin, and Heidi Toffler. "Powershift: The World's Most Dangerous Brain Drains." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 5, no. 3 (Fall 1991): 329-331.


Toland, John. Day of Infamy: Pearl Harbor and Its Aftermath. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1982.

Clark comment: The author argues that Magic intercepts gave Roosevelt knowledge of the imminent Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Kahn, NYRB, 27 May 1982, analyzes Toland's evidence and offers the counterargument that "not one intercept, not one shred of intelligence, ever said anything about an attack on Pearl Harbor."


Toliver, Raymond F. The Interrogator: The Story of Hanns Joachim Scharff, Master Interrogator of the Luftwaffe. Atglen, PA: Schiffer, 1997.

According to Kleinman, DIJ 14.1 (2005), this is the "detailed -- and entertaining --" story of "how one skilled interrogator using creative, noncoercive [italics in original] methods was able to compile a comprehensive database on the Allied Forces air order of battle." His work involved "the systematic questioning of U.S. prisoners-of-war, many of whom had received training in how to resist interrogation and almost all of whom were certain ... that they had not divulged a single item of intelligence data."


Tomaselli, Kenyan G., and P. Eric Louw. "Disinformation and the South African Defence Force's Theory of War." Social Justice 18, no. 1 & 2 (Spring/Summer 1991): 124-140.

According to Calder, this article includes a case study of the use of disinformation and misinformation.


Tomaselli, Phil. "C's Moscow Station -- The Anglo-Russian Trade Mission as Cover for SIS in the Early 1920s." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 3 (Autumn 2002): 173-180.

"[T]he role of the [Anglo-Russian Trade] Mission in collecting and sending out secret material was of prime importance in the struggle of the [British] Secret Service against communism in the early 1920s."

Tombs, Isabelle. "Scrutinizing France: Collecting and Using Newspaper Intelligence during World War II." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 105-126.

In World War II, "some three-fifths of the economic intelligence obtained on Germany and German-occupied Europe came from press and other kinds of open sources.... [footnote omitted] [T]his article studies the important case of Open Source Intelligence applied to France and the mechanisms by which material was gathered, analyzed and diffused."


Tombs, Robert and Isabelle. That Sweet Enemy: The French and British from the Sun King to the Present. London: Heinemann, 2006.

Bell, I&NS 23.3 (Jun. 2008), finds that "[s]pecialists in intelligence will find much that is directly relevant to their interests" in this "lively and clear" work that "is a pleasure to read."

[France/Overviews; UK/Historical & Overviews/00s]

Tomes, Robert R.  "Boon or Threat? The Information Revolution and U.S. National Security." Naval War College Review 53 (Summer 2000): 39-59.


Tomes, Robert R.  "Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare." Parameters 34 (Spring 2004): 16-28.


Tomkins, Adam. "Government Information and Parliament: Misleading by Design or Default?" Public Law (Autumn 1996): 472-489. [Calder]


Tomkins, Adam. "Intelligence and Government." Parliamentary Affairs 50, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 109-129.

Tomkins, Peter.

1. "Intelligence and Operational Support for the Anti-Nazi Resistance: The OSS and Italian Partisans in World War II." Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998, 95-103.

The author, who "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy," reviews what he believes to be the neglected "contribution of Italian anti-Fascist partisans to the campaign in Italy."

2. A Spy in Rome. New York: Avon, 1962.

The author "served in the OSS and spent five months behind German lines in Italy." (Studies in Intelligence, Spring 1998)

[WWII/Eur/Italy; WWII/OSS/Individs]

Tomlinson, James E. "Foreign Counterintelligence: An FBI Priority." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Sep. 1991, 10-14.

Tomlinson, Richard. The Big Breach: From Top Secret to Maximum Security. Moscow: Narodny Variant Publishers, 2001. London:, 2001.

Clark comment: This is the disillusioned MI6 officer's "expose" of both his time in the British SIS and his continuing battle with the agency since his dismissal. Andrew, Times (London), 15 Feb. 2001, and Intelligencer 12.1, comments that although "Tomlinson's story is rarely dull, it suffers from his evident difficulty in distinguishing fact from fiction.... There is not much in The Big Breach of whose reliability we can be sure." For example, "Tomlinson's inaccurate account of [Oleg] Gordievsky's exfiltration [from Russia in 1985] is similar to the KGB version."

For Gordievsky, Telegraph (London), 28 Jan. 2001, there is no doubt that the KGB both paid Tomlinson "an unheard-of sum" for his book and "wrote large chunks of it.... Tomlinson is ... a new kind of traitor: one not motivated ... simply by spite. His treachery is treachery by temper-tantrum.... Still, the effects ... are just as damaging as the old, more familiar variety. No one should be under any illusion that Tomlinson has seriously damaged MI6. Whether his allegations are fact or fantasy (and they are mostly fantasy) hardly matters. Tomlinson has undermined MI6's most potent weapon: its reputation for being able to keep secrets."

See Reuben F. Johnson, "Opening MI6's Can of Worms," Moscow News, 16 Mar. 2001, II []. This is really not so much a review of Tomlinson's book as a reiteration of its main themes.

[UK/PostCW/Tomlinson/01; UK/Overviews/00s]

Tomlinson, William B. "Chinese Industry from the Air." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 2 (Spring 1967): 37-50.

The "almost complete blackout of information" from China following the collapse of the Great Leap Forward in 1961 "would have left the economic-industrial intelligence officer quite desperate had it not been for the arrival on the scene of daring Chinese Nationalist pilots flying used U-2 aircraft." See also, Associated Press, "Taiwanese Spy Plane Pilots Honored for Perilous Cold War Missions," International Herald Tribune, 4 Jul. 2007; and Benjamin Yeh, "Taiwan's Cold War Spy Pilots Reveal Secret Missions," AFP, 23 Aug. 2010.

[Analysis/China; CA/To79; OtherCountries/Taiwan; Recon/Planes]

Tomme, Edward B.

Toner, Robin. "Bail Denied Ex-CIA Worker in China Spy Case." New York Times, 28 Nov. 1985, B8.


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