M - Z


Thomas, Martin. "Anglo-French Imperial Relations in the Arab World: Intelligence Liaison and Nationalist Disorder, 1920–1939." Diplomacy & Statecraft 17, no. 4 (2006): 771-798.

[France/Interwar; UK/Interwar/Gen]

Thomas, Martin. "Bedouin Tribes and the Imperial Intelligence Services in Syria, Iraq and Transjordan in the 1920s." Journal of Contemporary History 38, no. 4 (2003): 539-561.


Thomas, Martin. "Colonial States as Intelligence States: Security Policing and the Limits of Colonial Rule in France's Muslim Territories, 1920-40." Journal of Strategic Studies 28, no. 6 (2005): 1033-1060.

From abstract: "[F]ew colonial states had sufficient bureaucratic substance to operate separately of indigenous society.... [S]tate intelligence gathering ... activities were multifaceted.... Th[e] same agencies ... that amassed information about indigenous populations also sought to control the movement of knowledge within local society in order to mould popular opinion, or, at the very least, shape the views of influential elites.... In this sense,... colonial states were 'intelligence states.'"


Thomas, Martin. "Crisis Management in Colonial States: Intelligence and Counter-Insurgency in Morocco and Syria after the First World War." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): 697-716.

This article "analyses the performance of French security services confronted with violent unrest and communal rebellion in Morocco and Syria in the 1920s.... [T]he central proposition ... is that the inter-war protectorates, mandates and colonies stretching in an arc through the Arab world were 'intelligence states.'"

[France/Interwar; OtherCountries/Arab/Morocco & Syria]

Thomas, Martin. "The Discarded Leader: General Henri Giraud and the Foundation of the French Committee of National Liberation." French History 10, no. 1 (1996): 100-131.

Calder: Discusses the political intrigues in determining who would "lead French resistance" and OSS' "primacy in intelligence and covert operations in the Middle East."


Thomas, Martin. Empires of Intelligence: Security Services and Colonial Disorder After 1914. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.

Peake, Studies 52.2 (Jun. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), finds that the author "compares French intelligence operations [broadly defined] in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Syria with those of the British in Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, Egypt, and Sudan.... Thomas's extensively detailed and well-documented analysis concludes that the inevitable failure of colonialism was in part a result of the inability of the 'intelligence state' to accomplish unrealistic goals."

For Rathbone, I&NS 24.6 (Dec. 2009), "this is an unusually readable[,]...fascinating," and "admirably accessible book" written by "a scholar who is not only industrious but also tenacious and enterprising." Nonetheless, "Thomas can sometimes leave a reader with the impression that intelligence gatherers were smarter than they sometimes proved to be."

[France/Overviews; UK/Overviews/00s]

Thomas, Martin. "France in British Signals Intelligence, 1939-1945." French History 14, no. 1 (2000), 41-66.

[UK/WWII/Ultra; WWII/Eur/France]

Thomas, Martin. "The Massingham Mission: SOE in French North Africa, 1941-1944." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 4 (Oct. 1996): 696-721.

SOE's Massingham mission, the organization's advanced operational base near Algiers, was established in November 1942; it was dissolved as an independent station in May 1944. The tensions in the area between SOE's pro-Gaullist sympathies and OSS' cultivation of Darlan and Giraud are given an in-depth presentation. OSS North Africa and the Massingham mission were combined in the Special Project Operation Center (SPOC) in May 1944.


Thomas, Martin. "Signals Intelligence and Vichy France, 1940-44: Intelligence in Defeat." Intelligence and National Security 14, no. 1 (Spring 1999): 176-200.

French Sigint continued as a Vichy activity after the armistice agreements with the Axis powers in June 1940 until the unoccupied zone was overrun in November 1942. Codebreaking activities were diverse with attention paid to threats against both metropolitan and overseas France.


Thomas, Merrilyn. Communing with the Enemy: Covert Operations, Christianity and Cold War Politics in Britain and the GDR. Oxford and Bern: Peter Lang, 2005.

According to Berger, I&NS 22.4 (Aug. 2007), the centerpiece of this work is the stay in Dresden in 1965 by a group of young Christians from Britain. However, the work tells a "complex and fascinating story about Cold War politics and the role of the British and German churches in it." Along the way, the author sheds "much light on the way in which a young GDR operated in a world which it perceived as predominantly hostile."

[Germany/East; UK/Postwar/Gen]

Thomas, Paul. Le KGB en Belgique. Brussels: Editions J.M. Collet, 1987.

Thomas, Pierre. "Spy Unit's Spending Stuns Hill." Washington Post, 9 Aug. 1994, A1, A6.

Reports Congressional concerns about lack of notification of costs of NRO's new headquarters building.


Thomas, Pierre, and Martha Raddatz. "A Big Warning: Security Agency Intercepted Arabic Conversation that Spoke of the Sept. 11 Attacks, But Failed to Translate It in Time," ABC, 7 Jun. 2002. []


Thomas, Pierre, and Roberto Sura. "Halfway Around the World, Lure of Reward Triggered FBI Undercover Effort to Capture CIA Suspect." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 1997, A1, A10-11. "Going Global to Get Their Man." WPNWE, 23 Jun. 1997, 31.

On 15 June 1997, FBI agents captured Mir Aimal Kansi in a motel on Pakistan's border with Afghanistan. Kansi is accused of the murderous 1993 attack on motorists outside CIA headquarters. He was arraigned on murder charges on 18 June 1997 in Fairfax County, Virginia.

[CIA/90s/97/Kansi; FBI/90s]

Thomas, Ronald C., Jr. "Influences on Decisionmaking at the Bay of Pigs." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3, no. 4 (Winter 1989): 537-548.

The subject here is the "extent to which career professionals in the intelligence and diplomatic communities can and did influence presidential decisionmaking at the agenda-building stage.... Foreign policy, by virtue of its non-incremental, bolder nature, may be more vulnerable to pressures from bureaucratic and political contexts. A good bureaucratic operator, like Richard Bissell, would perhaps be more likely to find success with sweeping action plans in the foreign policy arena than in domestic issue areas, where progress is incremental and more measured."

See "Reader's Forum" response by Samuel Halpern, International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 3 (Fall 1990): 415-419. Halpern's major criticism is that Thomas failed to use the Taylor Commission report and other primary sources, and therefore produced factual errors. A secondary criticism is "inaccurate use of source material."


Thomas, Rosamund M. Espionage and Secrecy: The Official Secrets Acts 1911-1989 of the United Kingdom. London and New York: Routledge, 1991.

Clark comment: This book won the National Intelligence Study Center Award for Best Foreign Author in 1991. Surveillant 1.5 describes the book as a "look at the criminal law of Official Secrets." Houston, FILS 2.4, says that it contains an "enormous amount of material.... [E]very page has to be read with care." According to Aldrich, I&NS 9.2, "[i]t is in discussing Section 1 [of the Official Secrets Act] that the book is perhaps strongest." Otherwise, it is "rather disappointing.... [The] contents are largely restricted to an unfortunately narrow technical commentary, set against the background of the rules of criminal law and evidence." See also NSLR, Apr. 1992, p. 5.


Thomas, Shipley. S-2 in Action. Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publishing, 1940.

Petersen: "Former AEF intelligence officer."


Thomas, Stafford T.

Thomas, Timothy L. Chinese Information-War Theory and Practice. Ft. Leavenworth, KS: Foreign Military Studies Office, 2004.

Oliver, Strategic Insights 6.3 (May 2007), says that this work "provides an exceedingly thorough review of the Chinese literature on their development of Information-War (IW) both as a concept and as a capability.... The author provides ample evidence that, since [the 1997-1998 time frame], the Chinese are diligently transitioning from a mechanized force to an informationized one."


Thomas, Timothy L. "Deterring Information Warfare: A New Strategic Challenge." Parameters: U.S. Army War College Quarterly 26, no. 4 (Winter 1996-1997): 81-91.


Thomas, Ward. "Norms and Security: The Case of International Assassination." International Security 25, no. 1 (Summer 2000): 105-133.


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