Stp - Stri

Strachan-Morris, David. "The Future of Civil-Military Intelligence Cooperation Based on Lessons Learned in Iraq." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 2 (Apr. 2009): 257-274.

The author analyzes "the lessons learned during the creation of the intelligence interface between the US military and Private Security Companies (PSCs) in Iraq working under the auspices of the Department of Defense (DoD) or Department of State (DoS)."


Straczek, Jozef. "The Empire Is Listening: Naval Signals Intelligence in the Far East to 1942." Journal of the Australian War Memorial 35 (2002), at:

"The size and effort that the [Royal Navy] put into signals intelligence in the Far East during the Second World War ... belies the [dismissal] of it by Hinsley and others." In 1924, "a Naval Section was added to the GC&CS and naval interception stations were established to complement the existing direction-finding (DF) capability. The development of this signals intelligence network, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, is one of the lesser known aspects of Britain's imperial naval history and co-operation."

[UK/WWII/FEPac & Services/Navy]

Straight, Michael. After Long Silence. New York: Norton, 1983.

Stanger, Roland J. Essays on Espionage and International Law. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1962.

Chambers: Scholarly essays.


Strang, G. Bruce. "Out of Africa? The Gallimberti Affair and Anglo-Italian Relations, 1949-1950." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 3 (Jun. 2010): 350-369.

After Italian agent in Tripoli Gallimberti committed suicide, "local British military authorities discovered the full range of his illegal activities. Rather than publicly embarrass the Italian government, British Foreign Office officials coerced concessions from the Italian government in exchange for keeping the potential scandal concealed."

[OtherCountries/Italy/Postwar; UK/Postwar]

Strategic Insights. "The Democratic Challenge: Transparency, Accountability, and Effectiveness in Intelligence." 6, no. 3 (May 2007): Entire issue. []


Stratton, Ray E., and August G. Jannarone. "Toward a Strategic Targeting Doctrine for Special Operations Forces." Air University Review 36 (Jul.-Aug. 1985): 24-29.


Stratton, Roy Olin. SACO -- The Rice Paddy Navy. Pleasantcille, NY: C.S. Palmer, 1950. Fredericksburg, TX: Nimitz Foundation, 2004.

Constantinides identifies Stratton as a naval commander in the supply department of the Sino-American Cooperative Organization (SACO). The focus here is not on SACO's operational activities, but on "anecdotes of life in that particular organization and details of its many housekeeping, logistical, administrative, and personal activities." For operational details, the reader must seek out Miles, A Different Kind of War (1967). See also Kush, The Rice Paddy Navy (2012).


Strauss, Herbert M. [LTCOL/USMC]. "Marine Corps Intelligence in an Expeditionary Era: Meeting the Challenge of Change." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 3 (Autumn-Winter 1993-1994): 25-28.

Not enlightening.

[MI/Marines/90s; Reform/90s/MilJour]

Strauss, Julius. "French Spies 'Plotted to Kill Milosevic.'" Telegraph (London), 26 Nov. 1999. []

According to Yugoslav Information Minister Goran Matic, the Yugoslav authorities "have uncovered a plot by French agents to kill President Slobodan Milosevic." Associated Press, "France Denies Milosevic Plot Claim," 26 Nov. 1999, reports a statement by Francois Rivasseau, deputy spokesman for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, that, "Such allegations are devoid of any foundation."


[Straw, Jack.] "[Home Secretary Jack] Straw's Statement -- The Text in Full." Times (London), 14 Sep. 1999. []

[Excerpt] "When [Vasili] Mitrokhin's notes of the KGB archive material became available to British Intelligence in 1992, they confirmed suspicions about Mrs [Melita] Norwood's role [as a KGB agent]. The view was taken by the [security] service that this material did not on its own provide evidence that could be put to a UK court. Moreover, a judgment was made by the agencies that material should remain secret for some years as there were many leads to more recent espionage to be followed up, particularly in the countries of a number of our close allies. It was also judged that interviewing Mrs Norwood, which might have provided admissible evidence, could have jeopardised exploitation of those leads. These decisions were made by the agencies. Ministers of the day, including law officers, were not consulted."


Streatfeild, Dominic. Brainwash: The Secret History of Mind Control. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2006.

Peake, Studies 51.1 (Mar. 2007), calls Brainwash "a valuable treatment of a historical and contemporary topic."


Streeter, Stephen. Managing Counterrevolution: The United States and Guatemala, 1954-1961. Athens, OH: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 2000.


Streetly, Martin. Confound and Destroy: 100 Group and the Bomber Support Campaign. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1978.

According to Constantinides, this book is about the role of the RAF group in electronic warfare operations in support of the RAF's bomber command in World War II. "Streetley's language is often technical, and he presumes a minimum technical knowledge by his reader." R.V. Jones' The Wizard War and Clayton's The Enemy Is Listening provide "more information on and a greater intimacy with the general subject." Sexton comments that Confound and Destroy contains "a wealth of technical information on Allied and German equipment."


Streetly, Martin. "New Czech SIGINT Systems." Journal of Electronic Defense, Jan. 1999, 18.

"Czech export agent Omnipol has released details of two new signals-intelligence (SIGINT) systems produced by the Czech Republic's defense-electronic industry."


Strickland, Frank. "The Early Evolution of the Predator Drone." Studies in Intelligence 57, no. 1 (Mar. 2013): 1-6.

"The history of one government project, the GNAT 750, and its rapid evolution into today's Predator UAV demonstrates that fiscal austerity can be an innovator's opportunity."

[CIA/90s/Gen; Recon/UAVs/90s]

Strickland, Lee S. “Civil Liberties vs. Intelligence Collection: The Secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Court Speaks in Public.” Government Information Quarterly 20, no. 1 (2003): 1-12.


Stringer, David. "Ex-Spy Chief: US Misled Allies over Detainees." Associated Press, 9 Mar. 2010. []

Eliza Manningham-Buller, former head of MI5, has told a meeting at Britain's Parliament that "United States intelligence agencies misled key allies, including Britain, about its mistreatment of suspected terrorists."


Stringer, David. "UK: Intelligence Sharing with the US Threatened." Associated Press, 29 Jul. 2009. []

A British government lawyer told Britain's High Court on 29 July 2009 that U.S. Secretary of State Hillary "Clinton had explained to her counterpart, Foreign Secretary David Miliband, that intelligence sharing between the two countries is at risk if a court makes public so far undisclosed sections of a 2008 ruling on the alleged torture of Binyam Mohamed."

[Liaison/Gen; UK/PostCW/00s/09]

Stripp, Alan. "Breaking Japanese Codes." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 4 (Oct. 1987): 135-150.

The author describes his work on Japanese codes at Bletchley Park and in New Delhi. He later worked on Farsi at Abbottabad, and passed briefly through Singapore. At the end of the article, Stripp illustrates "a typical Japanese code system."


Stripp, Alan. Codebreaker in the Far East. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. [pb] 2002.

Alan Stripp died on 18 February 2009 at the age of 84. See Telegraph (London), 20 March 2009.

McGinnis, Cryptolog, Summer 1996, notes that this work includes the author's account of how he was recruited into the Comint business, learned the Japanese language, worked at Bletchley Park, and then worked at various sites in the Far East. "This is not the world's greatest book about Comint. A newcomer might find some of the anecdotal material interesting."

According to Sexton, the author "provides an overview of the ways in which ULTRA contributed to Allied operations in Burma and discusses the intricacies of breaking Japanese codes and ciphers." Kruh, Cryptologia 28.1, calls this "a fascinating first-hand account by a codebreaker and an important contribution to our understanding of British signals intelligence and training." See also Allen, I&NS 5.3, for a lengthy look at some of the details in Stripp's book, as well as a brief reply from Stripp.


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