Robert David Steele

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Steele, Robert David. "Blank Slate: Open Source Intelligence." Forbes, 18 Apr. 2006. []

The author argues for the effectiveness of "collective intelligence," which "relies on the combined brain power of large groups of people," as opposed to "pre-planned, centrally controlled government direction." He suggests creation of "a national Open Source Agency. Half of the money earmarked for the agency would go toward traditional intelligence work. The other half would provide for 50 state-wide Citizen Intelligence Networks, including a 24/7 watch center, where citizens can both obtain and input information."


Steele, Robert David. "Crafting Intelligence in the Aftermath of Disaster." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 161-178.

"Today's complex reality is not amenable to ... the narrowly focused intelligence production process that tailors its daily production for consumption by only the President and a few others, while creating massive generic databases of classified information that do little to address the specific needs of action officers across all of the departments and agencies of government."


Steele, Robert David. "A Critical Evaluation of U.S. National Intelligence Capabilities." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 2 (Summer 1993): 173-193.

"U.S. national and defense intelligence capabilities ... are unbalanced."


Steele, Robert David. "E3I: Ethics, Ecology, Evolution, and Intelligence." Whole Earth Review (Fall 1992): 74-79.

The author begins: "The era of national intelligence ... has come to an end." He proposes "an alternative paradigm for the intelligence community of the twentyfirst century, one which focuses on objectives and outcomes rather than sources and methods.... The emphasis within our national intelligence community should be on open sources, free exchanges between government and private sector analysts, and unclassified production."


Steele, Robert David. "Fixing the White House and National Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 353-373.

The author argues strenuously the need for intelligence reform and offers thoughts on increasing "the strategic coherence of the Presidency and the constructive decision-support available to both the Cabinet and Congress."


Steele, Robert David. "Foreign Liaison and Intelligence Reform: Still in Denial." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 167-174.

The author points to "the many non-secret, nongovernmental, and non-intelligence liaison and information sharing arrangements that have been under development for the past eighteen years." He remains convinced that the Intelligence Community is not serious enough about maximizing the use of open-source information.

[Liaison; OpenSource][c]

Steele, Robert David. "The Importance of Open Source Intelligence to the Military." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 8, no. 4 (Winter 1995): 457-470.

"In general terms, OSCINT has significant potential as a source of intelligence support for indications and warning, policy development, contingency planning, security assistance, weapons acquisition (design and countermeasures), joint and coalition operations, and tactical operations against new priorities such as proliferation. Finally, OSCINT is vital as a means of rapidly orienting a commander and serving as the foundation for collection management within the traditional intelligence disciplines." (p. 459)


Steele, Robert David. Information Operations: All Information, All Languages, All the Time -- The New Semantics of War & Peace, Wealth and Democracy. Oakton, VA: OSS Internaitonal Press, 2006.

According to Steele, IJI&C 2.1 (Spring 2007), 173/fn.1, a "50-slide briefing on th[is] book, with words in Notes format, is at"


Steele, Robert David. "Information Peacekeeping and the Future of Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 265-285.

In the 21st century, "the lines among the various intelligence constituencies ... are blurring. Very slowly, a very large, informal, global network of professionals is developing."


Steele, Robert David. Intelligence for Earth: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, Sustainability. Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network; 2010. [Available at:]

From author: "This book is intended to be a catalyst for the creation of the United Nations Open-Source Decision-Support Information Network (UNODIN), and the establishment of the Office of the Assistant Secretary General for Decision-Support (ASG/DS). Should a sufficiency of the Member nations concur, this book also provides a model for creating a Multinational Decision-Support Centre (MDSC) using the military as a hub for global access to unclassified information from the other seven tribes of intelligence [academia, civil society, commerce, government, law enforcement, media, and non-profit or non-governmental] combined with multinational sense-making and unclassified decision-support for stabilization & reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief operations."


Steele, Robert David. "Intelligence in the 1990s: Recasting National Security in a Changing World." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 3 (1990): 29-36.


Steele, Robert David. "National Intelligence and Open Source: From School House to White House." American Intelligence Journal 14, nos. 2 & 3 (Spring-Summer 1993): 29-32.


Steele, Robert David. "The National Security Act of 1992." American Intelligence Journal (Winter-Spring 1992): 31-39.


Steele, Robert David. "The New Craft of Intelligence." Open Source Solutions White Paper. Jul. 2001. []

Written by Steele for Presidential Intelligence Review of 19 May 2001 and released on 6 July 2001. According to the author, "the article provides an internationalist vision for a new alternative form of global intelligence community."


Steele, Robert David. "The New Craft of Intelligence: Making the Most of Open Private Sector Knowledge." Time, 3 Mar. 2002. []

"[O]ur spies and our satellites ... collect less than 10% of the relevant information that we must digest to understand the complex multi-cultural world.... We need a 'new craft of intelligence' that can access and digest the broad historical, cultural, and current events knowledge that is available openly in over twenty-nine languages. By exploiting these open sources we can create open source intelligence, or OSINT, suitable for informing our public as well as our state and local authorities and our international partners[] as to the threats to our nation."


Steele, Robert David. The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public and Political. Oakton, VA: OSS International Press, 2002.

Wettering, IJI&C 16.3, recommends this "broad-gauge, highly (perhaps overly)-condensed effort" that is the "product of impressive research." Nonetheless, the work "is sadly lacking methodologically.... Steele should have offered far fewer conclusions about flaws and needed changes..., and more development of evidence and argumentation to support his conclusions." The author "paints a vivid canvas with very broad brush strokes (rather too broad for my taste), but the end result is a persuasive argument of the need for change in intelligence organization and policy."

[OpenSource; Reform/00s/Gen]

Steele, Robert David. "The New Craft of Intelligence: Reconstruction & Globalization." Sep. 2000. []

[Overviews/U.S./00s; Reform/00s]

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