Sp - Spd


Space News. "[Editorial:] Who Watches the Watchers?" 2-8 Oct. 1995, 18.

"Those in NRO responsible for its recent funding debacles should be dismissed.... NRO has a record of achievement in the 1991 Desert Storm conflict and elsewhere.... But this does not excuse its casual disregard of the fundamental responsibilities of all U.S. government agencies."


Spaeth, Anthony. "Another One Slips Away." Time, 8 Sep. 1997. [http://www.time.com]

"Agents of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency provided [North Korea's Ambassador to Egypt], his wife and family with phony passports ... which they used to slip through immigration at Cairo International Airport. At exactly the same time, Jang's brother, a commercial counselor at North Korea's mission in Paris, boarded a plane in France accompanied by his family. Within hours, they were ensconced in a CIA safe house somewhere in the U.S., and the White House was informed of the success of the operation, which had been approved personally by President Clinton." See also Tony Emerson, "The CIA Lands a Big Fish," Newsweek, 8 Sep. 1997, 54.

[CIA/90s/97/Gen; OtherCountries/NKorea]

Sparaco, Pierre. "French Satellite Details Air Strike Damage." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 12 Apr. 1999, 26-27.

"The French Helios 1 imaging reconnaissance satellite and two air force Mirage IVPs are making a significant contribution in providing detailed assessment of NATO air strikes against military targets in Yugoslavia."

[GenPostCW/90s/Kosovo; Recon/Sats/Articles]

Sparks, David S. "General Patrick's Progress: Intelligence and Security in the Army of the Potomac." Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 371-384.

On 6 October 1862, McClellan appointed Brig. Gen. Marsena Patrick provost marshal general of the Army of the Potomac, "giving him broad authority and the responsibility for the security of the army." Initial duties were as the army's chief of police, but some of his duties would "lead him into intelligence work under McClellan's successors." Hooker had Patrick create a "secret service" for the army, independent of Lafayette Baker's organization in Washington. The new Bureau of Military Information focused on "producing combat intelligence" but also engaged in counterintelligence work. The bureau languished under Meade, but was reactivated when Grant decide to make his headquarters in the field with the army. "Patrick was in the thick of things" as Grant's offensive got under way. After the fall of Richmond, he was put in charge of restoring order to the former Confederate capital. He was finally relieved to return home on 9 June 1865.

See also, Marsena L. Patrick, ed. David S. Sparks, Inside Lincoln's Army: The Diary of Marsena Rudolph Patrick (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1964).


Sparks, William, with Michael Munn. The Last of the Cockleshell Heroes: A World War Two Memoir. London: Leo Cooper, 1992.

Sparks was one of the two survivors of Operation Frankton -- the Special Boat Service (SBS) raid on the French inland port of Bordeaux.


Sparrow, Bartholomew. The Strategist: Brent Scowcroft and the Call of National Security. New York: Public Affairs, 2015.

To Mann, Washington Post, 30 Jan. 2015, the author "includes some critical passages" but "is largely flattering to Scowcroft.... Sparrow's narrative is ambitious but uneven. At times, the book becomes less a biography of Scowcroft than a general history of the times he has lived through -- with its subject doing occasional walk-ons.... And Sparrow's history includes some surprising mistakes, even big ones."


Sparrow, Elizabeth.

1. Secret Service: British Agents in France 1792-1815. London: Boydell & Brewer, 1999.

Crossland, Sunday Times (London), 20 Feb. 2000, notes that the author brings "impressive scholarship" to her work (such as, tracking down "a secret-service archive tucked away in the vaults of the old Public Record Office ... for nearly 200 years"). However, she "too often allows her research to get in the way of a good story."

For Romans, I&NS 16.3, this is an "invaluable overview," with the author reaching beyond the limits of the subtitle to cover the operations of British agents "from the Baltics to the Middle East and against both the Revolution and Napoleon." Although Sparrow's "tendency to include superfluous material can make the narrative impenetrable" and "some ... attributions should be viewed with caution," her "identification of numerous operatives and the webs along which their information flowed has rendered a tremendous service to historians of this period."

2. "Secret Service under Pitt's Administrations, 1792-1806." History 83 (1998): 280-294.


Sparrow, Malcolm K. "Network Vulnerabilities and Strategic Intelligence in Law Enforcement." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 5, no. 3 (Fall 1991): 255-274.


Spaulding, Suzanne. "A View from the Senate." National Security Law Report 19, no. 3 (Jun. 1997): 1, 9-14.

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