Son - Sos


Sonmez, Felicia. "Leon Panetta, CIA Director, Unanimously Confirmed by Senate as Defense Secretary." Washington Post, 21 Jun. 2011. []

On 21 June 2011, the U.S. Senate "unanimously confirmed CIA Director Leon Panetta to serve as the next secretary of defense."


Sontag, Sherry, and Christopher Drew, with Annette Lawrence Drew. Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. New York: Public Affairs, 1998.

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 39 (14 Oct. 1998), sees this as "an early-Tom Clancy-like adventure novel masquerading as history." The "line between fact and fiction, truth and speculation, exaggeration or deception," is "unrecognizable and unknown.... [R]ead it as a superb historical novel.... Highly recommended." Broad, NYT, 8 Nov. 1998, says that this book "recounts in rich detail, going far beyond earlier sketchy accounts," one of the Cold War's most successful spying operations. "Ingenious cable taps," placed in such places as the Sea of Okhotsk and the Barents Sea, "produced a torrent of intelligence data."

According to Bates, NIPQ 14.4, the authors of this book use the type of documentation ("Anonymous") favored by investigative journalists, which "allows them to weave fact, speculation, and fiction into a story that then takes on an aura of authenticity, but is next to impossible to verify." For Raviv, Washington Post, 30 Nov. 1998, this book "is filled with specifics, notably new details of incidents previously leaked, but thankfully not presented in the dry techno-speak of many military histories. This one is very human and easy to read." Carpenter, IJI&C 12.2, says that Blind Man's Bluff is "a unique story" that makes for "fascinating reading."

Friedman, Proceedings 125.2 (Feb. 1999), finds the book a "somewhat unsatisfactory" product that "cannot be considered complete," given that the documentation remains classified. Many of its "details are often thin, and the book is padded with irrelevancies." Nonetheless, Blind Man's Bluff shows that the submarine service "did something important and worthwhile during the Cold War." Sontag and Drew respond to Friedman's comments in "Comment and Discussion," Proceedings 125.6 (Jun. 1999), 24.

The book is both "boosted and panned" by Anderson, Intelligencer 10.1. He finds "the style, the florid writing, the exaggeration, and poor choice of words objectionable.... Nevertheless, it is a readable, lively book and puts a lot of new information in the public domain" about sensitive operations. Warren, CIRA Newsletter 23.5, notes that the telling of the "Soviet side of the story is not as exhaustive as that of the Americans, but it is almost as compelling." See also, Richard J. Newman, "Tales from the Sea Floor," U.S. News & World Report, 23 Nov. 1998, 44.


Sonyel, Salahi R. "Kurtulus Savasi Döneminde Istanbul Kabineleri ve Ingiliz Istihbarat Servisi" [The Istanbul Cabinets and the British Intelligence Service During The War of Liberation]. Belleten 65, no. 243 (2001): 665-712.

[OtherCountries/Turkey; UK/Interwar/30s]

Soohoo, Edmund L. "An Elint Vigil, Unmanned." Studies in Intelligence 12, no. 2 (Spring 1968): 21-27.

Discusses the potential use of automated systems (note the date) for monitoring hard-to-get and/or infrequent electronic signals. The example is the Soviet SA-2 Guideline.


Soper, Karl. "Getting Serious About Restructuring Intelligence." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1996): 1-3.

Sorenson, Anne. Stasi og den vesttyske terrorisme [STASI and West German Terrorism]. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2006.

According to Hansen, IJI&C 21.1 (Spring 2008), this work is "based largely on source material from the BStU" and provides "a comprehensive description of the relationship between West German terrorist groups and the GDR's" STASI. The reviewer believes that the book, available only in Danish, is a "very important historical work [that] goes far beyond its original Danish audience."

[Germany/East & West]

Sorenson, Thomas C. The Word War: The Story of American Propaganda. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.


Sorley, Lewis. A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last Years in Vietnam. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1999.

According to Isaacs, Washington Post, 8 Aug. 1999, "Lewis Sorley appears to have given himself two missions in this book. The first, which he largely achieves, is to rescue Gen. Creighton Abrams's reputation from the wreck of Vietnam. The second is to reevaluate the U.S. campaign there as a success, not a failure, even if in the end America's objective was not met. Here, Sorley is less persuasive.... Even if his conclusion is absurdly overstated, Sorley assembles a good deal of evidence that the United States fought more intelligently and effectively in the war's later years, due largely to Gen. Abrams's leadership."

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 32-99 (12 Aug. 1999), finds that "this book contributes a balancing view to the many self-serving apologia ubiquitously available, and is worthwhile and recommended reading." Similarly, Cushman, Proceedings 125.9 (Sep. 1999), calls A Better War "a gripping case study in leadership [that] makes a major contribution to our understanding" of the Vietnam War.

For Waller, CIRA Newsletter 24.4, Sorley's "deep inspection and his obvious writing skills make this book a major contribution to a dark hour in the history of America's Cold War. It surgically dissects the anatomy of war and counter-insurgency in Vietnam." The author has "produced a military history that both historians and war buffs should read." Lefever, IJI&C 13.2, sees A Better War as a "provocative and well-researched book" that "makes a consequential contribution to understanding the Vietnam enigma."


Sorley, Lewis. The Central Intelligence Agency: An Overview. Intelligence Profession Series. McLean, VA: Association of Former Intelligence Officers, 1990.


Sorley, Lewis. Westmoreland: The General Who Lost Vietnam. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011.

Nagl, Proceedings 137.12 (Dec. 2011), calls this "a profoundly sad book.... [Sorley] takes no apparent pleasure in demolishing Westmoreland's time in Vietnam.... Westmoreland was a conventional soldier constitutionally unable to find a way to win an unconventional war." For Daddis, Parameters 41.3 (Autumn 2011), "[i]n focusing narrowly on Westmoreland, Sorley omits crucial elements of the conflict's history, especially those at cross-purposes with his thesis that Westmoreland's inability to understand the war had 'gravely damaged' American efforts in Southeast Asia." This biography is "an incomplete view of Westmoreland and thus of the Vietnam War."


Sorley, Lewis, ed. The Vietnam War: An Assessment by South Vietnam's Generals. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 2010.

Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), notes that Sorley has edited 17 post-Vietnam interviews with senior South Vietnamese participants. The interviews contain "remarkably candid views on all angles of the conflict.... A chapter on intelligence discusses each functional element and then looks at how they contributed to major offensives."


Soroos, Marvin S. "Environmental Security: Choices for the Twenty-First Century." National Forum 75, no. 1 (Winter 1995): 20-25.


Sorrells, Niels C. "Taps and Terrorism: A German Approach?" Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 2 (Apr. 2008):176-197.

"Germany's history with terrorism and domestic surveillance ... provide[s] some valuable clues about the value of widespread wiretaps. The fact that the authorities can only point to a handful of terror cases where taps have been useful, but not definitive, in breaking up terrorist schemes, makes it hard to argue that boosting the number of taps in the United States will help control terrorism."

[NSA/00s/Gen; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Sosin, Gene. Sparks of Liberty: An Insider's Memoir of Radio Liberty. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999.

From publisher: The author is a "former director of program planning for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty." Here, he "provides an insider's look at the origins, development, and operation of Radio Liberty." Cummings says that Sosin's is thus far the best book on Radio Liberty.


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