L. Britt Snider


Snider, L. Britt. The Agency and the Hill: CIA's Relationship with Congress, 1946-2004. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence, 2008. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/agency-and-the-hill/The%20Agency%20and%20the%20Hill_Book_1May2008.pdf]

Peake, Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.2 (Fall 2008), says that this work "adds new well-documented perspective to the legal requirements of congressional oversight and the political realities that bound their implementation. It will be the principal reference book on the topic for the foreseeable future." For Wippl, I&NS 26.1 (Feb. 2011), the author provides "a combination of fairness, balanced judgment, and understanding.... His book is well written, well researched, and most worthy of a commercial publisher."


Snider, L. Britt. "Commentary: A Different Angle on the Aspin-Brown Commission." Studies in Intelligence 49, no. 1 (2005). [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol49no1/html_files/different_angle_11.htm]

Snider argues that Loch Johnson's "account [see Loch K. Johnson, "The Aspin-Brown Intelligence Inquiry: Behind the Closed Doors of a Blue Ribbon Commission," Studies in Intelligence 48, no. 3 (2004): 1-20] of the commission's creation is factually inaccurate.... Johnson states that the motivation for creating the commission was the debacle in Somalia ... in October 1993. This may well have been what interested former Secretary of Defense Les Aspin..., but it was not what motivated Congress to create the commission. The principal motivation was the Ames spy case, which broke in February 1994."


Snider, L. Britt. "Congressional Oversight of Intelligence After 9/11." In Transforming US Intelligence: Challenges for Democracy, eds. Jennifer Sims and Burton Gerber, 239-258. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2005.


Snider, L. Britt. "Creating a Statutory Inspector General at the CIA." Studies in Intelligence 10 (Winter-Spring 2001): 15-21. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter_spring01/article02.pdf]

The author worked on this legislation while SSCI General Counsel. Nine years later, he became the second person appointed to the post. Here, he takes the reader through the legislative process that led to including the statutory IG provisions in the 1990 Intelligence Authorization Act.


Snider, L. Britt. "A (Largely) Overlooked Accomplishment: Assessing the 1992 Intelligence Reorganization Legislation." National Security Law Report 15, no. 5 (May 1993): 1, 3.

Snider was Staff Director of the Commission on Roles and Capabilities of U.S. Intelligence Community (Aspin commission).


Snider, L. Britt. "National Security Issues Facing the New Congress." National Security Law Report 16, no. 1 (Jan. 1994): 1, 4, 6.

Snider discusses: Making the intelligence budget public; the classification system; the report of Joint Security Commission; and the intelligence-law enforcement relationship. He was Staff Director of the Commission on Roles and Capabilities of U.S. Intelligence Community (Aspin commission).


Snider, L. Britt. "National Security Issues in the 104th Congress." National Security Law Report 17, no. 2-3 (Feb.-Mar. 1995): 1, 2.

Snider discusses: United Nations issues; potential legislation on organizational issues; counter-terrorism legislation; new Executive orders.


Snider, L. Britt. "The New (and Largely Unappreciated) Legal Framework for U.S. Intelligence." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 3 (Autumn-Winter 1993-1994): 77-80.

Snider argues that the importance of the language in Title VII of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (P.L. 102-496), signed by President Bush on 24 Oct. 1992, is being missed.

[Overviews/Legal/Gen; Reform/90s/B&M][c]

Snider, L. Britt. Sharing Secrets with Lawmakers: Congress as a User of Intelligence. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Center for the Study of Intelligence, 1997. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/sharing-secrets-with-lawmakers-congress-as-a-user-of-intelligence/toc.htm]

The trend toward large-scale sharing of intelligence with Congress began in the mid-1970s, accelerated with the establishment of the oversight committees in both Houses, and has grown steadily since 1992.

For a condensed version of this insightful mongraph from President Clinton's nominee for CIA Inspector General, see L. Britt Snider, "Sharing Secrets with Lawmakers: Congress as a User of Intelligence," Studies in Intelligence (Spring 1998): 47-69. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/spring98/Congress.html]

See also, James McCullough, "Commentary on 'Congress as a User of Intelligence,'" Studies in Intelligence (Spring 1998): 71-74 [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/spring98/mccullou.html]. This is the text of remarks made at a 20 March 1997 conference at Georgetown University, where discussions centered around Snider's monograph.


Snider, L. Britt. "Unlucky SHAMROCK: Recollections from the Church Committee's Investigation of NSA." Studies in Intelligence (Winter 1999-2000): 43-51. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/winter99-00/art4.html]

The author, CIA's Inspector General, was staff counsel on the Church Committee. Here, he revisits some of the difficulties in beginning an investigation of an agency "that had never before had an oversight relationship with the Congress." The focus is the uncovering -- and the aftermath of that discovery -- of Operation Shamrock, through which NSA "had access for many years to most of the international telegrams leaving New York City for foreign destinations."

See James G. Hudec, "Commentary: Unlucky SHAMROCK -- The View from the Other Side," Studies in Intelligence 10 (Winter-Spring 2001): 85-94, which responds with a view from the Executive Branch side to Snider. Hudec was an attorney in NSA's Office of General Counsel during the 1974-1975 timeframe.

[CIA/70s/Investigations; NSA/Thru80s][c]

Snider, L. Britt, Elizabeth R. Rindskopf, and John Coleman. Relating Intelligence and Law Enforcement: Problems and Prospects. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1994.


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