Shlomo Shpiro


Shpiro, Shlomo. "Cold War Radar Intelligence: Operation 'Cerberus.'" Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 2 (Winter 2006-2007). []


Shpiro, Shlomo. Guarding the Guard: Parliamentary Control of the Intelligence Services in Germany and Britain. Sankt Augustin: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, 1997.

[Germany/PostCW; UK/PostCW/Gen]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Intelligence, Media, and Terrorism: Imperial Germany and the Middle East." Journal of Intelligence History 1, no. 1 (Summer 2001). []

From abstract: "When the German Kaiser Wilhelm II visited the Orient in 1898, the ambiguous interaction ... between 'open media' and 'secret intelligence' for the first time was brought to the international arena. The German secret field police ... played an important role in this episode. It was to protect the monarchy, to censor the developing German press..., and to supply information independently of the Army General Staff. It soon was discovered that the foreign press, in fact, was a useful source of information, and at the same time, could be used for propaganda.... Because of an impressive international intelligence cooperation, in which the German secret services were the first to realize the potential of modern media as a source of information as well as an tool for control, any assassination attempts that may have been planned, [were] suppressed at the very outset."


Shpiro, Shlomo. "Intelligence Services and Foreign Policy: German-Israeli Intelligence and Military Co-operation." German Politics 11, no. 1 (Apr. 2002): 23-42.

[Germany/00s; Israel/00s]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Intelligence Services and Political Transformation in the Middle East." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 4 (Winter 2004-2005): 575-600.

"An analysis of five decades of intelligence involvement in Middle East peace efforts provides some insights into the role of intelligence services in peacemaking. When the efforts of intelligence services were confined to local, clearly defined problems, they provided useful service in conflict management.... But when intelligence services became involved in wider, permanent settlement negotiations, their contribution was limited.... Based on the Middle East experience, intelligence services seem to play a far more effective role in conflict management than in conflict resolution."


Shpiro, Shlomo. "Israeli Intelligence and al-Qaeda." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 25, no. 2 (Summer 2012): 240-259.

"Al-Qaeda was unable to mount a large-scale attack ... against Israel," and "has so far failed in its efforts to inflict significant damage on Israel or adversely affect its relations with other countries."


Shpiro, Shlomo. "KGB Human Intelligence Operations in Israel 1948-73." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 6 (Dec. 2011): 864-885.

"Operating out of the Soviet Embassy in Tel-Aviv, a large contingent of KGB case officers ran a string of agents deep inside Israel's security and diplomatic establishments.... Once diplomatic relations were severed, in 1967, the KGB lost much of its local capabilities and had to rely on 'illegal' case officers to run its agents in Israel, whose effectiveness was often compromised by Shabak double agent penetrations."

[Israel/Overviews; Russia/10s/11]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Know Your Enemy: West German-Israeli Intelligence Evaluation of Soviet Weapon Systems." Journal of Intelligence History 4, no. 1 (Summer 2004). []

From abstract: "In the various Middle East wars, Israeli intelligence captured large quantities of the most modern Soviet weapon systems. Close cooperation developed between the Israeli Mossad and the West German BND over testing and evaluation of captured Soviet weapons." This article includes an analysis of the effects of this cooperation "on major German armaments projects.... It also explores German deliveries of former NVA weapon systems to Israel after the German Unification, deliveries which culminated in the seizure of a large shipment in Hamburg and an ensuing political scandal."

[Germany/West; Israel/Overviews]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "The Media Strategies of Intelligence Services." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 4 (Winter 2001-2002): 485-502.

The author looks at two models of structured intelligence service strategies for dealing with the media: One, the "defensive openness" model, is represented by the German intelligence services; the other, the "controlled exclusion" model, is represented by Israel.

[GenPostCW/00s/Gen; Germany/West; Israel/Overviews][c]

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Parliament, Media, and the Control of Intelligence Services in Germany." In Democracy, Law and Security, eds. Jean-Paul Brodeur, Peter Gill, and Dennos Tollborg, 294-315. London: Ashgate, 2003.


Shpiro, Shlomo. "Poisoned Chalice: Intelligence Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 1 (Spring 2009): 1-30.

The author suveys the development and/or use of chemical and biological weapons by the Soviet Union/Russia, Britain, the United States, France, Israel, South Africa, and Iraq. He concludes that "the chemical and biological weapons used by intelligence services in political assassinations have proven to be operationally unstable and politically unacceptable."


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