Sh - Shan

Shackley, Theodore.

Shadid, Anthony, and Daniel Williams. "U.S. Recruiting Hussein's Spies." Washington Post, 24 Aug. 2003, A1. []

According to U.S. and Iraqi officials, "U.S.-led occupation authorities have begun a covert campaign to recruit and train agents with the once-dreaded Iraqi intelligence service to help identify resistance to American forces." Although it is not the only target of the U.S. effort, "[t]he emphasis in recruitment appears to be on the intelligence service known as the Mukhabarat," the former regime's foreign intelligence service and the "most sophisticated of the four" branches in Hussein's former security service.


Shafer, D. Michael. Deadly Paradigms: The Failure of U.S. Counterinsurgency Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988.


Shaffer, Anthony [LTC/USAR]. Operation Dark Heart: Spycraft and Special Ops on the Frontlines of Afghanistan -- and the Path to Victory. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2010.

Varner, Military Review (Jan.-Feb. 2011), notes that because of redactions, "this book only hints at the story Shaffer would like to tell.... Shaffer gained some notoriety for his 2006 testimony before Congress that he was part of the SOCOM-led Able Danger task force. This effort purportedly identified two of the 9/11 cells as well as Mohamed Atta over a year before the world learned of them.... Much of Shaffer's narrative reads like a made-for-TV movie script.... Shaffer's story has made him a cult hero within conspiracy theory circles." He "writes almost ponderously."

See also, Scott Shane, "Pentagon Plan: Buying Books to Keep Secrets," New York Times, 9 Sep. 2010; and "Secrets in Plain Sight in Censored Book's Reprint," New York Times, 17 Sep. 2010.


Shaffer, Ryan. "Unraveling India's Foreign Intelligence: The Origins and Evolution of the Research and Analysis Wing." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 252-289.


Shainberg, Maurice. Breaking from the KGB. New York: St. Martin's, 1986. New York: Berkley, 1986. [pb]

Shakya, Tsering. The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Mufson, Washington Post, 21 Nov. 1999, comments that the author "has employed thorough research, a balanced view and a dispassionate tone in writing a tremendously informative, definitive history of his native land."


Shalal-Esa, Andrea. "Spy Satellite Agency Boss Resigns." Reuters, 9 Apr. 2009. []

According to an NRO spokesman on 9 April 2009, NRO Director Scott Large has announced his resignation effective on 18 April 2009. He had held the position since October 2007.


Shanahan, Phil. The Real Enigma Heroes. Stroud, UK: Tempus, 2008.

According to Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), the author tells the story of the capture of U-559 and its Enigma codes. -- and, along the way, "corrects the historical record." Christensen, Cryptologia 34.3 (Jul. 2010), notes that this story "is told well and compactly elsewhere."

[UK/WWII/Services/Navy & Ultra]

Shane, Scott [New York Times].

A - G

H - N


O - Z

With Mazzetti

With Others

Shanker, Thom [New York Times].

Shannon, Elaine. "Death of the Perfect Spy." Time, 24 Jun. 2001. [,9171,164863,00.html]

GRU Gen. Dmitri Fedorovich Polyakov provided the United States a treasure trove of intelligence from the 1960s to the 1980s. Polyakov was executed in 1988, one of the victims of Aldrich Ames's treason.

See also Frank W. Lewis, "The Day of the Dodo," Cryptologia 16, no. 1 (1990): 11-12; Michael Wines, "Cold-War Riddle: A Most Unusual Spy," New York Times, 23 Jan. 1990, A10; Lisa Beyer, "'Top Hat' Knocked Off: Moscow Discloses the Capture of a Master Spy," Time, 29 Jan. 1990, 54; and NSI Advisory, Editors, "Spy Arrested by Soviets Was Top U.S. Agent" 5, no. 7 (1990), 10.


Shannon, Elaine, and Ann Blackman. The Spy Next Door: The Extraordinary Secret Life of Robert Philip Hanssen, the Most Damaging FBI Agent in U.S. History. New York: Little, Brown, 2002.

Marston, Baltimore Sun, 19 Jan. 2002, finds this "a highly readable account that strips away Good Bob's straight-arrow facade, to reveal a Bad Bob who betrayed his country on an unprecedented scale." For Weinstein, Washington Post, 20 Jan. 2002, the authors provide "a detailed and meticulous chronological tracing of Hanssen's life and times, from cradle to capture." Peake, Intelligencer 13.1, says this is "easy reading and informative." To Bath, NIPQ 18.4, the authors, in their rush to get this book quickly onto the market, "mak[e] suppositions little supported by evidence," which do not look very good in the light of later materials.


Shannon, Elaine, Timothy J. Burger, and Massimo Calabresi. "FBI Sets Up Shop in Yemen." Time, 9 Aug. 2003. []

The Yemeni government "has quietly allowed the FBI to open an office in its capital city, San'a." Along with the CIA and the U.S. military, the FBI "is urgently trying to disrupt efforts" by al-Qaeda fighters "to reconstitute command and control structures in parts of rural Yemen controlled by clans hostile to the government in San'a and sympathetic to Osama Bin Laden." [Clark comment: And the military and CIA cannot do this because they lack the FBI's experience overseas?]

[FBI/00s/03; Terrorism/00s/03/War]

Shannon, Elaine, and Jay Carney. "10 Questions for Karen Hughes." Time, 20 Feb. 2006, 8.

Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy Karen Hughes is quoted as saying, "if we walked down [to the State Department's new media-monitoring unit], you's see live what's happening on Arab TV. We have a young man who's watching the blogs, the Web chats.... That unit publishes a daily rapid-response report. It goes to all the Cabinet secretaries and all our ambassadors."

Clark comment: This illustrates one of the problems the Open Source Center will face. Whether a proliferation of small units performing overlapping open-source functions is the best use of limited resources is open to debate.


Shanty, Frank G. and Ray Picquet, eds.; John Lalla, docs. ed. 2 vols. Encyclopedia of World Terrorism: 1996-2002 and Encyclopedia of World Terrorism: Documents. Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 2002.

From publisher: "The work includes completely new and original entries on terrorist individuals, organizations, and activities around the globe, and also features a complete volume of primary source documents relating to terrorism from ancient times to the present."


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