Schn - Scho


Schnabel, James F. Policy and Direction: The First Year. United States Army in the Korean War Series, U.S. Army Center of Military History. Washington, DC: GPO, 1972.

As one of the U.S. Army official histories of the Korean War War [see also, Appleman, Disaster in Korea (1989) and Hermes, Truce Tent and Fighting Front (1966)], the focus of this work is not on intelligence; but intelligence issues are addressed within the broader context of coverage of the war.


Schnabel, Jim. Remote Viewers: The Secret History of America's Psychic Spies. New York: Dell, 1997. [pb]

Synopsis from "Recounts the contributions of psychics to America's victory in the Cold War, detailing their spying missions around the world in the service of the Pentagon and the CIA, assignments that involved mind-reading, telling the future, and other psychic abilities." Smith, Intelligencer 12.1/69, says that this work, "although meant for popular audiences," would make "good ... reading for someone bent on getting to the bottom of remote viewing."


Schnaubelt, Christopher M. "Intelligence During OOTW: Counterdrug IPB." Military Intelligence 21, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1995): 18-22, 51.

  Schneider, Howard, and Lee Hockstader. "Mideast Truce Begins on Tentative Footing." Washington Post, 14 Jun. 2001, A1. []

"After five days of talks and some tense midnight brinkmanship, CIA Director George J. Tenet left for Washington [on 13 June 2001] with Israeli and Palestinian authorities each promising to end the clashes that have gone on for more than eight months.... Hailed by President Bush, U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan and other international figures as a potential breakthrough, the cease-fire worked out by Tenet remains a work in progress, not a formal signed agreement."

[CIA/90s/99/ME; CIA/00s/01/Gen; CIA/DCIs/Tenet]

Schneider, James J.  Guerrilla Leader: T. E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. New York: Bantam Books, 2011.

Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), notes that "[t]he only source notes in Guerrilla Leader refer to Lawrence's writings.... [T]he reader is left to wonder how [the author] knew of many of the details in the book."


Schneider, James J.  "Black Lights: Chaos, Complexity, and the Promise of Information Warfare." Joint Force Quarterly, Spring 1997, 21-28.


[Schneider, Katherine.] "AFIO Luncheon Speaker Describes 'The CIA Today.'" Periscope 19, no. 3 (1994): 1-3.

Excerpts of remarks by CIA's Chief of Public Liaison to AFIO, Ft. Myer, VA, 25 April 1994.


Schneier, Bruce. Applied Cryptography. New York: John Wiley, 1994.

Schneir, Walter. Final Verdict: What Really Happened in the Rosenberg Case. With Preface and Afterword by Miriam Schneir. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House, 2010.

Moynihan, Wall Street Journal, 20 Oct. 2010, notes that the author "does grudgingly admit that Julius Rosenberg was a Stalinist agent (Ethel remains, in the Schneirs' view, an innocent bystander). But "Final Verdict" ... makes no serious attempt at reaching historical truth, instead offering a selective and ultimately unconvincing attempt at personal vindication." For Peake, Studies 55.2 (Jun. 2011), Schneir's "conjectures are only supported by imaginative analysis and speculation.... Nothing the Schneirs present changes the substance of the case."


Schneir, Walter, and Miriam Schneir. "Cryptic Answers." Nation, 21 Aug. 1995, 152-153.

Schnell, Jane. "Snapshots at Random." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 2 (Summer 1961): 17-23.

"If you have a batch of photos taken anywhere abroad, properly identified and preferably with negatives, the [CIA Graphics] Register would like to look them over.... And if it knows in advance that you are going to have a tour in some less well frequented place, it may be interested enough ... to supply you with camera and film."


Schoenberg, Tom. "Ex-State Department Lawyer Allegedly Recruited Cuban Spy." Bloomberg, 26 Apr. 2013. []

According to the Justice Department, "a nine-year-old indictment unsealed" on 25 April 2013 in federal court in Washington,DC, charges former U.S. State Department lawyer Marta Rita Velazquez "with one count of conspiracy to commit espionage." The indictment states that Velazquez "introduced Ana Belen Montes to the Cuban Intelligence Service in 1984 and later helped Montes get a position as a Defense Intelligence Agency analyst." According to a Justice Department statement, Velazquez "fled the U.S. 11 years ago and is living in Stockholm."

[SpyCases/U.S./Montes & Other/Velazquez]

Schoenbrun, David. Soldiers of the Night. The Story of the French Resistance. New York: Dutton, 1980. Maquis: Soldiers of the Night. The Story of the French Resistance. London: Hale, 1990. [pb]

Moore, I&NS 7.2, writing about the later edition, says that this is "a lucid and highly readable" narrative history of the French Resistance organizations. The big problem is that there are no footnotes or citations. The book serves as "a suitable introduction [to] the subject for the non-specialist with a few insights to interest the specialist as well."


Schoenfeld, Gabriel. Necessary Secrets: National Security, the Media, and the Rule of Law. New York: Norton, 2010.

Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010), comments that this book "is accurately titled, well documented, and persuasive." For Goulden, Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010) [originally published in Washington Lawyer, Sep. 2010], the author's "sprightly narrative" is, for the most part, "carefully objective and dispassionate." However, he does argue that "the modern press has a dangerously inflated concept of its role in a democratic society."

[Overviews/Legal/Topics/1stAmendment & U.S./2010]

Schoenhals, Michael. Spying for the People: Mao's Secret Agents, 1949–1967. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013,

Peake, Studies 57.3 (Sep 2013), and Intelligencer 20.2 (Fall-Winter 2013), finds that the author "focuses on the purpose of domestic agents -- as provocateurs and collectors -- as well as the system's command structure, duties, technical capabilities, and historical context.... This is an extraordinarily fine work of historical scholarship on a topic about which little had been known." For Nathan, FA 93.3 (May-Jun. 2014), the focus in this work is on "the bureaucratic processes of recruiting, training, and running agents. The impact of the surveillance on society remains to be studied."


Schofield, Carey. The Russian Elite: Inside Spetsnaz and the Airborne Forces. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1993. [Gibish]


Schofield, Victoria. Wavell: Soldier and Statesman. London: Murray, 2006.

Foot, I&NS 21.4 (Aug. 2006), comments that while this biography covers Wavell's "role in developing the deception machine that played so large a part in British strategy from 1940 to 1945," it "hardly mentions Dudley Clarke" who "created the system of inflating the enemy's opinion of British strength."


Schorr, Daniel.  "When Covert Is Overt."  Christian Science Monitor, 10 Apr. 1998, 15.

Seymour: "Comments on the role of the United States Congress in covert intelligence operations by the CIA."


Schorreck, Henry F. Battle of Midway: 4-7 June 1942: The Role of COMINT in the Battle of Midway. Designated as SRH-230 in the U.S. National Archives, Washington, D.C. Text available at

Thanks to Comint, Admiral Nimitz "knew more about the Midway Operation than many of the Japanese officers involved in it. He knew the targets; the dates; the debarkation points of the Japanese forces and their rendezvous points at sea; he had a good idea of the composition of the Japanese forces; he knew of the plan to station a submarine cordon between Hawaii and Midway; and he knew about the planned seaplane reconnaissance of Oahu, which never took place because he prevented their refueling at French Frigate Shoals."


Schott, Joseph L. No Left Turns: The FBI in Peace and War. New York: Praeger, 1975.

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