Saw - Saz


Saward, Joe. The Grand Prix Saboteurs: The Extraordinary Untold Story of the Grand Prix Drivers Who Became British Secret Agents During World War II. [France]: Morienval Press, 2006.

From publisher: This is the "true story of how three motor racing stars of the 1920s and 1930s worked together as British secret agents during World War II in Occupied France."

[UK/WWII/Services/SOE; WWII/Eur/Fr]

Sawatsky, John.

1. For Services Rendered: Leslie James Bennett and the RCMP Security Service. New York and Toronto: Doubleday, 1982.

2. Men in the Shadows: The RCMP Security Service. Toronto & New York: Doubleday, 1980.

Sawatsky, John. Gouzenko: The Untold Story. Toronto: Macmillan, 1984. [Wilcox]


Sawka, Kenneth A. "Defense Industry Must Develop Intelligence Capabilities to Compete in Bidding Wars." National Defense, Oct. 1998, 6.

"[T]he companies that provide weapons systems have lagged behind other industries in developing their own intelligence capabilities.... The need for good competitive intelligence in the defense industry could not be greater."


Sawyer, Ralph D., with Mei-Chu Lee Sawyer. The Tao of Deception: Unorthodox Warfare in Historic and Modern China. New York: Basic Books, 2007.

Peake, Studies 51.4 (2007), notes that the author "acknowledges the use of deception in the West, but he contends it is not yet as integrated into military thinking and planning as it is in China." This book is not easy reading. However, "for those who are concerned about China's historic and contemporary approaches to intelligence and deception operations, it is worth the effort."

For Arpin, NWCR 61.1 (Winter 2008), the author "has produced an enlightening study of the beginnings and the evolution of deception in Chinese political and military history.... The book abounds with examples of how a little deception or unconventional application can have a great effect on outcomes.... This book reads well. A dynastic chronology helps place the events in historical (Chinese, if not world) context. However, maps would have greatly assisted understanding."

Bartholomees, Parameters 38.1 (Spring 2008), notes that "the book is really a study of the history of the Chinese concept of unorthodox warfare." Basically, the author "interprets the tao of deception as doing everything imaginable to put your enemy in the most disadvantageous position possible before fighting.... If Sawyer's book disappoints, it is in the comparative scarcity of its analysis of modern Chinese military thought. Less than 30 pages deal directly with the subject -- although there are scattered modern references throughout the book."

[China/Gen & Pre-49; GenPostwar/Deception/Gen]

Sawyer, Ralph D. The Tao of Spycraft: Intelligence Theory and Practice in Traditional China. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1998.

Cohen, FA 77.6 (Nov.-Dec. 1998), notes that this work consists of "substantial translations of and commentaries on classic Chinese texts ... on early Chinese history, espionage, covert action, theories of intelligence assessment, military intelligence, and divination." For Paschall, MHQ Review, Spring 1999, this work "is written in a professional and straightforward manner.... [I]t reveals early Chinese thinking about a vital craft that can save lives and extend a nation's reach and purpose."

Finding that "[t]his work is not without flaws," Arpin, NWCR 60.1 (Winter 2007), comments that it "assumes that the reader has a basic understanding of traditional Chinese history and culture; some sections may be hard going for the casual reader. Parts of the book are rather dry," reflecting "the extensive translations more than the author's style. But for serious students of China, intelligence tradecraft, or information operations, this book provides essential understanding of contemporary Chinese statecraft."

[China/Gen & Pre-49; Overviews/Gen/90s; WhatIsIntel?]

Saxe-Fernandez, John. "From Counterinsurgency to Counterintelligence." In Latin America and the United States: Changing Political Realities, eds. Julio Cotler and Richard Fagan, 347-360. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1974.


Saxon, Wolfgang. "Claus Helberg, 84, War Hero in the Norwegian Resistance, Is Dead." New York Times, 13 Mar. 2003. []

Claus Helberg "took part in the Telemark commando strike of February 1943, which denied the occupying Germans a source of material they might have used to build an atomic bomb.... Helberg went on the mission to reconnoiter the ground approach and joined the band of saboteurs who managed to dynamite the plant in February 1943, hobbling it for the rest of the war. He was captured by the Germans, escaped, and shuttled precariously to Sweden and Britain and back to Norway on reconnaissance missions. He joined the Company Linge, a unit of Norwegian exiles who distinguished themselves gathering intelligence, organizing the resistance and sabotage."


Saxon, Wolfgang. "Henry Hyde Is Dead at 82; Wartime Spymaster for O.S.S." New York Times, 8 Apr. 1997, A14 (N).

Hyde died on 5 April 1997. During World War II, he ran Operation Penny Farthing, a network of spies in occupied France that has been credited with assisting the Allies in planning for the landings in the south of France and at Normandy (see Persico, Piercing the Reich). He replaced Allen Dulles as the OSS station chief in Switzerland after VE-Day. In 1947, he returned to the practice of international law in New York. See also, Telegraph (London), "Henry Hyde: Wartime Spy-Master Whose Network of Agents in Europe Obtained Vital Details of German Troop Movements," 17 May 1997.


Sayer, Ian, and Douglas Botting. America's Secret Army: The Untold Story of the Counter Intelligence Corps. New York: Franklin & Watts, 1989.

Sayers, Michael, and Albert E. Kahn. The Great Conspiracy: The Secret War Against Soviet Russia. Boston: Little, Brown, 1946.

Rocca and Dziak say that this work gives "a pro-Soviet slant on the 'Trust' (Trest) case.... Soviet sponsorship of this book was identified in Congressional testimony in 1952 by Igor Bogolepov." For Kronenbitter, Studies 16.1 (Special Edition 1972), this is a "volume of grotesque falsehoods," especially as regards Leon "Trotsky's 'espionage' aimed at destruction of the Soviet Union."


Sayle, Edward F. "The Déja Vu of American Secret Diplomacy." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 2, no. 3 (Fall 1988): 399-406.

Politically unpopular secret diplomatic dealings in international affairs are nothing new in U.S. history.

[CA/Gen; GenPostwar/80s/IranContra][c]

Sayle, Edward F. "Historical Underpinnings of the U.S. Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no.1 (Spring 1986): 1-27.

Petersen tabs this an "unmatched short historical survey."


Sayle, Edward F. "Nuggets from Intelligence History." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 2 (1986): 115-126.

"During the U.S. Civil War, Confederate President Jefferson Davis created an economic intelligence operation in the covert mode and served as its first and only case officer throughout its existence." The operation involved the opening of a land route (a "line") between Maryland and Virginia for the clandestine movement of people and money and of an "underground cotton network" to finance the Southern war effort. The operation was run by Col. Ralph Abercrombie and began in the second half of 1863. Abercrombie's "underground railroad" also transported Lord John Brewerton to and from a meeting in Richmond with Davis.


  Sayle, Murray. "Closing the File on Flight 007." The New Yorker, 13 Dec. 1997, 90-102.

Sayle's article includes transcripts of Soviet Air Force radio traffic and material from the plane's black box.


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