Sanborn, Paul J. "The Battle of Brandywine: An Intelligence Evaluation of General George Washington's Tactical Operations During the Battle Along the Brandywine, 11 September 1777." American Intelligence Journal 16, no. 2/3 (Autumn-Winter 1995): 69-80.

The author argues that "Washington tried to seize the initiative at Brandywine and would have succeeded if his secondary intelligence had not failed him at a critical time.... Washington was far from passive and in the 'daze' his biographer, Douglas Southall Freeman, believed him to be in during the Brandywine Campaign."


Sanchez, Rene. "Agent in Spy Saga Was 'One of Us.'" Washington Post, 20 Apr. 2003, A1. []


Sanchez, Sergio E. "Spider Web: Al-Qaeda's Link to the Intelligence Agencies of the Major Powers." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 3 (Fall 2015): 429-448.

The author examines "three clear instances where intelligence" tactics, techniques, and procedures "were indirectly disseminated to al-Qaeda by the major powers": (1) Iran, Hezbollah, and al-Qaeda; (2) Pakistan, Afghanistan, and al-Qaeda; and (3) Egypt, the Muslim Brotherhood, and al-Qaeda.


Sandberg, Justin M. "The Need for Warrants Authorizing Foreign Intelligence Searches of American Citizens Abroad: A Call for Formalism." University of Chicago Law Review 69, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 403-427.


Sandelson, Michael. "Spying by Norway on the Increase." The Foreigner, 22 Jun. 2010. []

Lt. Gen. Kjell Grandhagen, head of Norway's intelligence service, has stated that the "intelligence service is currently operating" in Afghanistan, Somalia, Chad, Sudan, Egypt, Congo, the Middle East, Kosovo, and Bosnia. These are "countries and regions where Norwegian officers and soldiers are stationed." One of the military's trademarks is "the integration of electronic surveillance when using Special Forces." Meanwhile, other countries are "placing their spies on Norwegian soil. The Police Security Service (PST), [has] counted intelligence officers from 19 ... countries. Though some of them are here legally, some have come under false pretences."


Sander, Robert D. Invasion of Laos, 1971: Lam Son 719. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2014.

Hanson, Military Review (Jan.-Feb. 2015), calls this "good history...--exhaustively researched, dispassionately written, and highly readable." It provides "meticulous tactical and operational details and analysis of the corps-level attack by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) on North Vietnamese military installations inside Laos in early 1971." The author's "dispassionate description of the planning, equipment, and leadership challenges that adversely affected successful execution of this mission makes his analysis of Army shortcomings all the more damning."


Sander, Alfred Dick. A Staff for the President: The Executive Office, 1921-1952. Contributions in Political Science, No. 229. Boulder, CO: Greenwood, 1989.

Surveillant 1.5 says this book has "several chapters on the development of the National Security Council from 1947-1952."



Sandilands, Roger J. "Guilt by Association? Lauchlin Currie's Alleged Involvement with Washington Economists in Soviet Espionage." History of Political Economy 32, no. 3 (Autumn 2000): 473-515.


Sandler, Norman D. Twenty-Eight Years of Looking the Other Way: Congressional Oversight of the CIA, 1947-1975. Cambridge, MA: Center for International Studies, 1975. [Wilcox]


Sandler, Stanley.

1. "Army Psywarriors: A History of U.S. Army Psychological Operations." Special Warfare 5 (Oct. 1992): 18-25. [Gibish]

2. "Seal the Victory: A History of U.S. Army Civil Affairs." Special Warfare 4 (Winter 1991): 38-41. [Gibish]


Sands, Amy. "Integrating Open Sources into Transnational Threat Assessments." In Transforming U.S. Intelligence, eds Jennifer E. Sims and Burton L. Gerber, 63-78. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2005.

[Analysis/Gen; OpenSource]

Sands, David R. "Barak Wants CIA Out of West Bank, Gaza." Washington Times, 6 Aug. 1999. []

"Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak ... is pressing to end the CIA's controversial role as security watchdog on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Mr. Barak ... urged U.S. officials during a visit last month to consider scaling back the CIA's security-monitoring role, established under the U.S.-brokered Wye River agreement.... A reduced CIA role fits into Mr. Barak's larger strategy of direct Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, with the United States acting less as an mediator and more as a 'facilitator.'"


Sands, David R. "Putin A Selection of Necessity for President's Inner Circle." Washington Times, 10 Aug. 1999.


Sands, David R. "Russians Accuse U.S. Envoy of Spying." Washington Times, 1 Dec. 1999.


Sanger, David E. [New York Times]

Sanger, Grant. "Freedom of the Press or Treason?" U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Sep. 1977, 96-97.

The author discusses the controversy surrounding the Chicago Tribune's compromise of MAGIC in its reporting on the Battle of Midway.


Sangillo, Gregg, and Siobhan Gorman. "Smarter Intelligence A Post-9/11 Priority." National Journal 36 (22 May 2004): 1572-1578.

Provides profiles of individuals associated in various ways with intelligence reform: Maureen Baginski, executive assistant director of the FBI's Office of Intelligence; Bruce Berkowitz, research fellow at the Hoover Institution; Jamie Gorelick, 9/11 Commission member; and Michael Hayden, NSA director.


Sansom, A. W. I Spied Spies. London: Harrap, 1965.

Constantinides: The author headed British Field Security in Cairo in World War II and stayed in Cairo after the war as security officer at the British embassy in the period when Donald Maclean served there. He gives a good description of the Kondor case, but does not mention that the British knew the Kondor mission was coming. For the later period, "Maclean's activities outside the embassy are vividly described."

[UK/SpyCases; UK/WWII/Med]

Santiago, Fabiola. "Aloof Suspect With High Clearance; Was Ideally Positioned To Do Harm." Miami Herald, 19 Feb. 2000. []

The family of Mariano Faget, the INS official charged with spying for Cuba, "had a sinister past in Cuba.... [His father,] Mariano Faget Sr.[,] had been one of Fulgencio Batista's best-known torturers, a 'caza comunistas,' a hunter of suspected communists who ran Batista's Office of Anti-Communist Repression, known as BRAC."


Santiago, George [MAJ/USAR] "Intelligence Support to Civilian Law Enforcement." Military Intelligence 21, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1995): 5-11.

Santoli, Al. "China's Electronic Spy Bases in Cuba." China Reform Monitor (3 Mar. 2003). []

"Professor Desmond Ball of the Australian National University says Chinese personnel have been operating two intelligence signal stations in Cuba since early 1999, after an agreement reached in February 1998. The large complex at Bejucal, just south of Havana, is equipped with 10 satellite communications antennas and is mainly concerned with intercepting telephone communications in the U.S.... The second station is located north-east of Santiago de Cuba, reportedly dedicated to intercepting satellite-based U.S. military communications."

[China/Gen/00s; LA/Cuba]

Santoni, Alberto. "The First Ultra Secret: The British Cryptanalysis in the Naval Operations of the First World War." Revue internationale d'histoire militaire 63 (Oct. 1985): 99-110. [Sexton]


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