Ruf - Rur

Ruff, Nathan, Robert Chamberlain, and Alexandra Cousteau. "Report on Applying Military and Security Assets to Environmental Problems." Environmental Change and Security Report 3 (Spring 1997): 82-95.

[GenPostwar/NatSec/Environment] [c]

Ruffner, Kevin C.

Rufford, Nicholas. "Government Gags Sunday Times." Times (London), 23 May 1999. []

"The government has issued a last-minute gagging order against The Sunday Times preventing it publishing details of an intelligence operation that produced clear evidence of [Libyan leader] Gadaffi's personal involvement in the bombing of Pan Am 103.... The disclosure of Gadaffi's personal involvement came to the British security services between 1990 and 1995 from two separate intelligence sources. It was circulated to a restricted number of officers within MI5, responsible for domestic counter-terrorism."


Rufford, Nicholas. "MI5 Caught Bugging Ally's UK Embassy." Times (London), 2 Nov. 2003. []

"A former MI5 agent [codenamed Notation] has exposed a bungled attempt by the security service to bug the London embassy of one of Britain's key allies [unnamed in the story] in the war on terror. MI5 infiltrated the embassy, stole codes used by embassy staff for sending secret messages and planned to plant listening devices and remove documents. The spying operation took place under the cover of restoration work that was carried out at the embassy last year."

See Nicholas Rufford, "Bugs and Nervous Breakdowns in MI5's Bungled Embassy Job," Times (London), 2 Nov. 2003, for some operational details on the MI5 effort.


Rufford, Nicholas. "MI5 Kept File on Prescott the Striking Seaman." Sunday Times (London), 19 Sep. 1999. []

"MI5 kept a file on John Prescott, the deputy prime minister, for two decades, fearing that he was linked to dangerous agitators and an idealist who was open to communist subversion."


Rufford, Nicholas, and Barrie Penrose. "KGB Claims Kinnock Aide Was 'Agent Dan.'" Sunday Times (London), 19 Sep. 1999. []

Richard Clements "was Neil Kinnock's closest ally and a shaper of Labour's strategies -- but to the KGB he was agent Dan.... KGB documents smuggled out of Russia by Vasili Mitrokhin, a KGB archivist, reveal that the Russians believed they had turned one of Britain's most influential political thinkers and writers into an 'agent of influence'.

"Clements ... dismisses as fanciful the notion that the KGB had recruited him or were manipulating him.... [He said,] 'I suspect they exaggerated their reports to Moscow. Perhaps they were boosting their expenses'.... Oleg Gordievsky .. claims Clements was considered a valuable contact by the KGB. Clements, he claimed, had called him at the Soviet embassy in London, soon after his return from Moscow, when Gordievsky had taken over as KGB second-in-command.... Clements said [on 18 September 1999] that the claim was complete nonsense."


Rumbelow, Helen. "SS Chief Tried To Sell Jews." Times (London), 17 Sept. 1999. []

As detailed in Walter Schellenberg's personal MI5 file released to the Public Record Office on 16 September 1999, SS chief Heinrich Himmler "tried to use the 'sale' of 3,500 Jews to buy his freedom and that of other SS staff ... as the Allies closed in on Germany. He promised to deliver the concentration camp prisoners in two trains across the border in return for political asylum for 200 of his senior staff and SwFr5 million.... However, after the first train, with 1,700 people on board, made its delivery, Hitler found out and ordered that no more Jews must be allowed to escape." See also, Michael Smith and John Crossland, "Himmler 'Bartered Jews' for Safety," Telegraph (London), 17 Sep. 1999.


Rumbelow, Helen. "Kinnock Defends Ex-Aide in Spy Claim." Times (London), 21 Sep. 1999. []

Former Labor Party leader Neil Kinnock, in a letter published in The Guardian on 21 September 1999, describes the accusation that a former key aide, Dick Clements, had been a KGB spy as "inventiveness."


Rumbelow, Helen, and Paul Wilkinson. "Spies in CND 'Waste of Money for Stasi.'" Times (London), 20 Sep. 1999. []

Vic Allen, "[t]he Stasi agent on the executive of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament[,] had too little influence to be of service to his contacts in East Germany, Joan Ruddock, former CND chairman, said" on 19 September 1999.


Rumpelmayer, J.J. "The Missiles in Cuba." Studies in Intelligence 8, no. 4 (Fall 1964): 87-92.


Runde, Carl P., and G. Voss, eds. Intelligence and the New World Order: Former Cold War Adversaries Look Towards the Twenty-first Century. London: International Freedom Foundation, 1992.

Surveillant 3.4/5 describes this as a collection of papers, some of which are by U.S. intelligence figures, including William Colby, Theodore Shackley, and George Carver. A list of topics is included. For I&NS 8.4, the book is a "mixed bag. Some of its papers ... provide a bran-tub of hawkish assertions.... [There are] glimpses of International Freedom Foundation's ideology.... Most of the book is of a different stamp." This is a "good American overview," but there is "no British perspective."


Rundquist, Paul S., and Christopher M. Davis. S.Res. 445: Senate Committee Reorganization for Homeland Security and Intelligence Matters. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 15 Oct. 2004. [Available at:]

Passed by the Senate on 9 October 2004, this resolution eliminates the 8-year term limit on intelligence committee membership; reduces the size of the committee from 17 to 15; renames the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee to Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; and transfers to the renamed committee jurisdiction over matters relating to homeland security, with certain limitations.


Runions, Bradley. "American and British Doctrine for Intelligence in Peace Operations." Peacekeeping and International Relations 24, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1995): 14-15.

[GenPostCW/Peacekeeping; UK/PostCW/Gen]

Runyan, Timothy J., and Jan M. Copes, eds. To Die Gallantly: The Battle of the Atlantic. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 20.3, the 20 essays in this volume come out of a 1992 conference commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Battle of the Atlantic. The articles "contribute[] much to the history of this critical campaign."


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