Rol - Rom


Rolfe, Jim. "For Your Eyes Only." New Zealand Defence Quarterly 23 (Summer 1998), 22-24.

This article is on the New Zealand's External Assessment Bureau (EAB), which is responsible for "intelligence assessments on events and trends overseas that may affect New Zealand's interests." The organization was established as the External Intelligence Bureau in 1975, and the name was changed to EAB in 1988. The EAB receives information from New Zealand's intelligence collection agencies, liaison and intelligence sharing arrangements with agencies of friendly countries, diplomatic reporting, and open sources. It is administered by the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

Includes sidebar "Who Does the Work?" on the backgrounds of individuals working in the Bureau.


Rolfe, Jim. "The Spycatchers." New Zealand Defence Quarterly 22 (Spring 1998), 7-11.

This article is on the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (SIS), the country's domestic security agency. SIS was established in 1956.

Includes sidebar by Tim Barnett [Labour MP from Christchurch Central], "If Not the SIS, What?" 10. Barnett argues that "[p]arliamentary accountability and independent scrutiny of the SIS remains inadequate." The author believes that "[t]he functions of the SIS should be divided between the police, a reorganized unit in the Prime Minister's Office (incorporating the External Assessments Bureau and fed by the Government Communications Security Bureau), and a security advice unit within another Government department."

Also includes sidebar, "How About the People," which notes that the SIS consists of about 120 people (down from 160 in the early 1980s) divided among three types of employees -- intelligence officers, vetting officers, and specialist officers.


Rolfsen, Bruce.

1. "Delays Push Global Hawk Cost Up 50 Percent." Air Force Times, 22 May 2000, 18.

2. "First Global Hawk Squadron to Be in Place by 2003: Beale First Choice to House New Reconnaissance Jet." Air Force Times, 19 Mar. 2001, 30.


Rolington, Alfred. "Objective Intelligence or Plausible Denial: An Open Source Review of Intelligence Method and Process since 9/11." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct 2006): 738-759.

"The criticism of organizational structures and individuals ... does not address the real, and enduring, problem with US intelligence-gathering bodies. The very process of intelligence theory, definition and practice needs to be fundamentally reviewed."


Rollins, John. Fusion Centers: Issues and Options for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 18 Jan. 2008. Available at:

"Although elements of the information and intelligence fusion function were conducted prior to 9/11, often at state police criminal intelligence bureaus, the events of 9/11 provided the primary catalyst for the formal establishment of more than 40 state, local, and regional fusion centers across the country."


Rolo, Charles J. Radio Goes to War: The "Fourth Front." London: Faber & Faber, 1943.

Wilcox: "Study of national and international radio propaganda broadcasting" during World War II.


Roman, Nancy E. "China Spy Report Stuns Capitol Hill." Washington Times, 26 May 1999.


Roman, Nancy E., and Dave Boyer. "Senate Approves Tighter Security at Nuclear Labs." Washington Times, 28 May 1999. Washington Times National Weekly Edition, 31 May- 6 Jun. 1999, 3.

"The Senate responded to Chinese spying [on 27 May 1999] by easily passing legislation to tighten security at U.S. nuclear laboratories.... [T]he Senate adopted a set of proposals by Majority Leader Trent Lott ... that would expand congressional oversight of technology exports and increase Pentagon monitoring of satellite launches in China."


Roman, Peter J. Eisenhower and the Missile Gap. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995.

Bose, APSR 92.1, notes that the focus here is on the 1957-1961 period, essentially Sputnik to Kennedy. The book is "well researched" and provides a "thoughtful and considered reappraisal of earlier studies." Intelligence assessments are among the aspects considered, with the author arguing that the evidence supplied by the U-2 flights was not as definitive in contradicting Soviet claims of nuclear superiority as is sometimes thought. However, Roman fails to present a new perspective of Eisenhower's political skills.


Romano, George. "Coexistence and Covert Collection." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 2 (Spring 1958): 53-58.

"In this world of competitive coexistence our diplomats, our propaganda specialists, and our intelligence officers must suit their methods to the changing opportunities and obstacles of the moment. One of the present opportunities for intelligence collection lies in the increase of contact between Soviet and American citizens."


Romanov, A.I. [Pseud.] Nights Are Longest There: A Memoir of the Soviet Security Services. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972. Nights Are Longest There: SMERSH From the Inside. London: Hutchinson, 1972.

Romans, M. "Eyes in the Hills: Intelligence during the Operations at Alcantara, May 1809." In Wellington Studies, Volume 1, ed. Christopher Michael Woolgar, 164-188. Southampton: Hartley Institute, University of Southampton, 1996.


Romans-Petit, Henri [Col.]. Les Maquis de l'Ain. Paris: Hacette, 1974.


Romero, Federico. The United States and the European Trade Union Movement, 1944-1951. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.


Romero, Simon. "Chávez Decree Tightens Hold on Intelligence." New York Times, 3 Jun. 2008. []

Under a new intelligence law, "Venezuela's two main intelligence services, the DISIP secret police and the DIM military intelligence agency, will be replaced with new agencies, the General Intelligence Office and General Counterintelligence Office, under the control" of President Hugo Chávez. The law also "requires people in the country to comply with requests to assist the agencies, secret police or community activist groups loyal to Mr. Chávez. Refusal can result in prison terms of two to four years for most people and four to six years for government employees."


Romero, Simon. "Ex-Spy Chief of Colombia Is Sentenced to Prison." New York Times, 14 Sep. 2011. []

On 14 September 2011, Jorge Noguera, the former head of Colombia's Administrative Department of Security from 2002 to 2005, "was convicted ... of collaborating with paramilitary assassination squads and sentenced to 25 years in prison for his involvement" in the murder of "Alfredo Correa de Andreis, a well-known sociologist who was shot in Barranquilla in 2004 by paramilitary assassins."


Romerstein, Herbert.

Romich, Ron. "Daddy, Why Do They Call It Collection Requirements Manglement?" Defense Intelligence Journal 6, no. 1 (Spring 1997): 23-32.

Romine, B. Harl. "Intelligence Data for Tactical Commanders." American Intelligence Journal 15, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 1994): 30-38.

This article "addresses some of the military intelligence (SIGINT) and communications systems and networks being developed to enable the Services and Commands to fight effectively in an environment heavily impacted by new weapons and information technologies."


Romm, Joseph J. Defining National Security: The Nonmilitary Aspects. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1993.

According to Cohen, FA 72 (Summer 1993), Romm "looks at U.S. drug interdiction policy and the new notions of environmental, energy and economic security, shrugging aside the older, military conception of national security as having declining relevance in the new world.... An expanded article rather than a book..., [the author] expresses an increasingly common view, but not particularly incisively."

[GenPostwar/NatSec/90s & Environment]

Return to R Table of Contents

Return to Alphabetical Table of Contents