Jeffrey T. Richelson

With Others and Edited


Richelson, Jeffrey T., and Desmond Ball. The Ties That Bind: Intelligence Cooperation Between the UKUSA Countries. Boston & London: Allen & Unwin, 1985. The Ties That Bind: Intelligence Cooperation Between the UKUSA Countries--the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Canada, Australian and New Zealand. 2d ed. Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Clark comment: In this work, the prolific and knowledgeable Richelson teams with Ball, Australia's preeminent intelligence scholar, to lay out the development and maintenance of intelligence cooperation and coordination among the so-called UKUSA countries, particularly in the area of signals intelligence, from World War II to the late 1980s. There are brief reviews of the British, Australia, New Zealand, Canadian, and U.S. "security and intelligence" communities.

According to Surveillant 1.2, the second edition "updates the state of the UKUSA network, incorporating events since 1985 as well as new information ... regarding pre-1985 events." But, as Wark, I&NS 7.2, notes, the revisions are minimal and fail to focus on significant changes in New Zealand's status and on sweeping changes in the structure of Canadian intelligence.

Sexton refers to The Ties That Bind as an "essential source for those seeking to understand the genesis of the Anglo-American intelligence and security network fostered by the Cold War." On the other hand, Lowenthal finds the account "[m]arred by an evident hostility" to some of the activities on which the countries collaborate and an "occasional analysis by innuendo." And Gelber, I&NS 2.1, questions whether all the facts stuffed into the book are of equal importance.

[Australia; Canada; Liaison; UK/Overviews & Postwar/Sigint][c]

Richelson, Jeffrey T., ed. The CIA and Signals Intelligence. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 506. 20 Mar. 2015, at:

"Formerly Top-Secret Multi-Volume History Details Spy Agency's Conflicts with NSA and Military over SIGINT Role. Additional Declassified Documents Describe CIA Domestic and Foreign SIGINT Activity. CIA Role Often Put It in Direct Competition with NSA, but Recent Cooperation Made Possible Controversial Exploits Uncovered by Edward Snowden."


Richelson, Jeffrey T., ed. The Jonathan Pollard Spy Case: The CIA's 1987 Damage Assessment Declassified. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 407. 14 Dec. 2012, at:

According to the newly-declassified CIA 1987 damage assessment of the Pollard case, Pollard's "Israeli handlers asked primarily for nuclear, military and technical information on the Arab states, Pakistan, and the Soviet Union – not on the United States."


Return to Richelson Table of Contents