Richa - Ricz


Richard - Richards


Richelson, Jeffrey T.

Richey, Melonie K., and Mathias Binz. "Open Source Collection Methods for Identifying Radical Extremists Using Social Media." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 347-364.


Richey, Warren. "Aggrieved with CIA, a Former Spy Goes to Court." Christian Science Monitor, 11 Jan. 2005.

Reviews arguments in Tenet v. Doe.


Richings, Mildred Gladys. Espionage: The Story of the Secret Service of the English Crown. London: Hutchinson, 1935.

In a review of Michael Smith, Six..., Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), notes that "Richings describes 600 years of espionage and security operations, ending in 1760." (27/fn. b) A Royal Historical Society Database note states, "Since the Plantagenets. Also published in French, Paris, 1935."


Richissin, Todd. "Blair Facing Pressure over Iraq Intelligence: Investigation Is Sought on Justifications for War." Baltimore Sun, 1 Feb. 2004. []

"The warning that Prime Minister Tony Blair gave to the House of Commons and a national television audience before the war with Iraq was stark.... [Now,] there are growing calls in Great Britain -- as there are in the United States -- for an independent inquiry into how apparently false information was used to justify going to war....

"J. Ransom Clark ... said he has little doubt that the intelligence agencies in Britain sent nuanced reports to their superiors, full of caveats explaining the percentage of confidence in their conclusions. The caveats would have been particularly prominent coming from a country such as Iraq, a 'denied area' in intelligence parlance, meaning agents could not work freely and would have tight limitations on the amount of firsthand knowledge they could obtain. 'The information works its way up the bureaucracy, and a caveat is taken out here, another there, and then you have a boss standing in front of the president, and suddenly the answer is, "Yes, Iraq is storing chemical weapons,"' Clark said. 'Presidents want answers, not equivocations, and prime ministers don't want probabilities.'"

Loch K. Johnson, author of several books on intelligence, said that "[a]mong those who should share any blame ... are the British and U.S. intelligence agencies for not going public and explaining that their information was far from certain. And congressional and parliamentary oversight committees should have reviewed the intelligence and then raised questions about whether conjecture was being presented as fact, Johnson said."


Richter, Jan. "Czech Intelligence: Half of Russia's Diplomats in the Czech Republic Are Spies." Czech Radio 7, Radio Prague, 22 Nov. 2007. []

According to the 2006 annual report by the Czech counterintelligence service, published on 21 November 2007, about half of the "60 Russian Federation diplomats based in the Czech Republic ... work for Russian intelligence services." The report "maintains that Russian diplomats who were expelled from other democratic countries are often sent to the Czech Republic.... Other favourite covers for collaborators with Russian intelligence include journalists and positions in Russian-owned businesses."

[OtherCountries/Czech; Russia/00s/07]

Richter, Walter. Der Militärische Nachrichtendienst der Nationalen Volksarmee der DDR und seine Kontrolle durch das Ministerium für Staatssicherheit: Die Geschichte eines Geheimdienstes. [The Military Intelligence Service of the National People's Army and Its Control by the Ministry for State Security: The History of a Secret Service] 2d ed. Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang, 2004.

Kahn, IN&S 23.2 (Apr. 2008), notes that this work is based "on the many documents that have survived from the military intelligence service and the Stasi ministry."


Ricklefs, Richard G. [MAJ] "FORTITUDE SOUTH: D-Day Deception." Military Intelligence 22, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1996): 48-50.

This article is a very basic and brief look at Fortitude South, the Allied deception operation designed to convince Hitler that the Allied landing would come in France at the Pas de Calais. A fictitious invasion force (the First U.S. Army Group) was "built up" in Kent, complete with commensurate radio activity.


Ricks, Thomas E. Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Freedman, FA 85.5 (Sep.-Oct. 2006), calls this a "thorough look at the inability of the U.S. forces to adjust quickly and sensitively after the invasion to the reality of an insurgency." However, "[t]he book suffers from its narrow focus," and "there is little on the enemy and the nature of the insurgency." In addition, "[t]he British experiences in southern Iraq are not chronicled at all."

For Little, Proceedings 132.9 (Sep. 2006), this book includes "a brutal assault on the White House and Pentagon." However, it "is much more than simply a blunt condemnation of the war's military and civilian leaders, and its depth of reporting and detailed reconstruction of recent history should make it hard to ignore.... [T]he book offers a sober and enlightened account that deserves to be taken seriously."

Peake, Studies 51.1 (Mar. 2007), sees Fiasco as "a critical, although not antagonistic, depiction of the war in Iraq.... Ricks covers the Washington side of events to some extent, but his main emphasis is on the situation in Iraq, how it came about, and the ignored lessons of history.... No element of the national secuity community escapes blame" for the fiasco that is Iraq.


Ricks, Thomas E. The Gamble: General David Petraeus and the American Military Adventure in Iraq, 2006–2008. New York: Penguin, 2009.

Logel, NCWR 62.3 (Summer 2009), notes that the author "begins his latest chronicle of the American strategic experience in Iraq where he left off in Fiasco (2006).... Ricks's new book appears to be more even in its treatment of the leaders and the new strategy than was Fiasco, with its prosecutorial tone. In spite of his upbeat assessment of the American leaders, however, Ricks ends this volume with measured, if not pessimistic, projections for the future of Iraq."


Ricks, Thomas E. "Intelligence Problems in Iraq Are Detailed." Washington Post, 25 Oct. 2003, A1. []

A report published this week by the Center for Army Lessons Learned, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, says that "[t]he U.S. military intelligence gathering operation in Iraq is being undercut by a series of problems in using technology, training intelligence specialists and managing them in the field."


Ricks, Thomas E. "U.S. Officials Say Evidence Abounds to Support Military Strike in Sudan." Wall Street Journal, 1 Sep. 1998, 20.


Ricks, Thomas E., and Dafna Linzer. "Hayden Faces Senate and CIA Hurdles if Named; General Has Streak of Independence and Nonconformity." Washington Post, 7 May 2006, A6. []

"Despite his military background," Gen. Michael Hayden "is something of a nonconformist. There is a pattern in his career of independent thinking, probably one reason he was able to thrive in the current security environment."


Ricks, Thomas E., and Vernon Loeb. "Special Forces Open Ground Campaign." Washington Post, 19 Oct. 2001, A1. []

Defense Officials said on 18 October 2001, that "U.S. Special Forces have begun the ground phase of America's war against terrorism in Afghanistan, operating in small numbers in southern Afghanistan in support of the CIA's effort in the Taliban heartland."


Ricks, Thomas E., and Robin Wright. "Analyst Who Is Target of Probe Went to Israel." Washington Post, 29 Aug. 2004, A1. []

Officials say that Lawrence A. Franklin, "a career analyst at the Defense Intelligence Agency who specializes in Iran," is at the center of an FBI "investigation into whether classified information was passed to the Israeli government.... Officials and colleagues said [on 28 August 2004] that Franklin had traveled to Israel, including during duty in the Air Force Reserve." According to a former co-worker at the DIA, Franklin "may have been based at the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv on those tours,... but was never permanently assigned there."



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