A - H


Reuters. 26 Mar. 2003. []

On 26 March 2003, South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun named Ko Young-koo to head the National Intelligence Service. Ko is a former human rights lawyer who headed the Lawyers for a Democratic Society group to which Roh also belonged. "South Korean officials say the new chief's brief is to carry out a radical overhaul, but the details are not yet clear."


Reuters. "Army Spies, Still Miffed, Mark 80 Years." 6 Nov. 1998. [http://www.]

The Russian military espionage service, the GRU, marked its 80th anniversary on 5 November 1998, "still smarting over Josef Stalin's paranoid failure to heed its warnings about Nazi invasion plans and now facing a more prosaic lack of funds.... Gen. Anatoly Kvashnin, chief of the General Staff, wrote in a rare front-page article in the military daily Krasnaya Zvezda that the GRU still played an important role but had been forced to reassess priorities because of lack of money. He also said the GRU, arguably the most secret of Russia's secret services, was cooperating with Western spy agencies in the fight against terrorism, drugs and nuclear proliferation."


Reuters. "Australia Doubles Its Spy Numbers Since 2001." 27 Dec. 2006. []

According to an Australian daily on 28 December 2006, an "influx of Chinese spies has forced" the ASIO "into a recruiting drive to counter the threat" and "that posed by Muslim extremists.... Attorney General Philip Ruddock ... said ASIO had been on a major recruitment drive since the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States." Ruddock said ASIO has expanded its staffing to 1,200, "double the number it had at 2001." The newspaper "said around 88 linguists had been employed since 2004 under the recruitment drive which plans to see ASIO grow to more than 1,800 by 2011." It also reported that ASIO "was having less success recruiting fluent Arabic speakers, with fewer than a dozen working inside security and intelligence agencies."


Reuters. "Britain's BBC Claims New Spy Expose." 17 Sep. 1999.

The BBC said on 17 September 1999 that "it had uncovered evidence that a British university economics lecturer spied for ... East Germany's Stasi secret police. In its nightly news bulletin, the BBC said the lecturer had spied for the East Germans for 12 years from 1977 and that ... MI5 had known the male teacher's identity since 1994.... [T]he BBC -- due to screen its expose 'A School for Spies' [on 19 September 1999] -- said the lecturer ... had admitted his codename was 'Armin.'"


Reuters. "CIA to Lose Deputy for Operations." Washington Post, 5 Jun. 2004, A4. []

The CIA announced on 4 June 2004 that Deputy Director for Operations James L. Pavitt will soon retire after five years in the position. The statement said that Pavitt decided to retire about a month ago, and his departure is not related to DCI George J. Tenet's resignation, announced on 3 June 2004. Stephen Kappes, deputy operations chief since 2002, will succeed Pavitt when he retires.

[CIA/00s/04/Gen; CIA/C&C/DO]

Reuters. "CIA Says Its Translation Output Won't Shrink." 4 Feb. 1997.

"The Central Intelligence Agency said [on 4 February 1997] that it was preserving the breadth of the foreign media it translates and distributes not just to U.S. decision-makers and analysts but to subscribers worldwide."


Reuters. "France to Send Spy Planes, More Ships to Help U.S." New York Times, 25 Oct. 2001. []

"France has beefed up its military involvement in the U.S.-led conflict with Afghanistan by contributing spy planes and more ships, French President Jacques Chirac said" on 25 October 2001.

[France/oos; Terrorism/01/WTC]

Reuters. "Greece Arrests Suspect for First Nov. 17 Murder." 25 Jul. 2002. [http://news.]

On 25 July 2002, Greek police arrested 46-year-old Pavlos Serifis, "a suspected member of the November 17 guerrilla band.... 'He participated with other members of the November 17 terrorist group in the murder of Athens CIA station chief Richard Welch on December 23, 1975,' police spokesman Lefteris Economou told a news conference."

[CIA/70s/Welch; OtherCountries/Greece]

Reuters. "Iraq Dispute Leads Britain to Revamp Intelligence." Washington Post, 24 Mar. 2005, A15. []

According to Foreign Secretary Jack Straw on 23 March 2005, the British intelligence agencies "have adopted new safeguards" with regard to the processing of secret intelligence. The Foreign Secretary said that "the procedures of the Joint Intelligence Committee, which compiled the September 2002 dossier [used by the British government to justify the invasion of Iraq], had been 'reviewed and tightened up' since the [Robin] Butler report" of July 2004.


Reuters. "Israeli Agents Said to Flee Bungled UK Spy Mission." 14 Mar. 1998. [http://]

According to The Sunday Times, quoting Israeli intelligence sources, three Mossad agents tried to bug the home of a prominent Moslem activist in London, but aborted the mission after arousing suspicion and fled to Israel the same day. The paper said that Mossad sent the agents to London from its Paris station "to target an unnamed man believed to be a member of Hizbollah.... They planned to place bugging equipment in his private residence."


Reuters. "Mugabe Launches Robert Mugabe Intelligence Academy." Washington Post, 26 Oct. 2007. []

"Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe has launched an intelligence academy named after him, saying it would produce officers able to counter growing threats from Western powers, state media reported" on 26 October 2007. The academy "is also expected to train members of the army, police and operatives from other southern African countries."


Reuters. "Pakistan Appoints New Intel Chief.", 22 Sep. 2007. []

On 21 September 2007, General Pervez Musharraf "appointed Nadeem Taj as director-general of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), and promoted him from major-general to lieutenant-general. Taj was formerly the head of Military Intelligence."


Reuters. "Pentagon Fixes Its Spy-2K Glitch." 3 Jan. 2000. []

On 3 January 2000, the United States "recovered full use of a critical spy satellite system.... The ground link that processes the satellites' feed 'returned to full operational status...' after repairs were wrapped up overnight, Defense Department spokeswoman Susan Hansen said.... The glitch apparently interrupted access to the most advanced U.S. eyes in the sky[,] the Air Force's Keyhole photographic reconnaissance satellites and Lacrosse all-weather imaging satellites.... Experts deduced that the failure had occurred at the Defense Communications Electronic Evaluation Test Activity, a sprawling facility dubbed 'Area 58' at Fort Belvoir, Va."


Reuters. "Republican Sees Problems with Likely Bush CIA Pick." 7 May 2006. []

Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-MI), chair of the House Permanent Select Committe on Intelligence, told "Fox News Sunday" on 7 May 2006 that Gen. Michael Hayden "would be the 'wrong person at the wrong place at the wrong time.'" Hoekstra said that "We should not have a military person leading a civilian agency at this time."


Reuters. "The Rise of Secret Warfare." U.S. News & World Report, 18 Oct. 2011. []

Adm William McRaven, U.S. special forces head, "argues that his shadowy, secretive warriors are increasingly central to how America and its allies fight." Since 9/11, "U.S. Special Operations Command personnel numbers have doubled, its budget tripled and deployments quadrupled." The appeal of special operations "tactics is clear. Military operations are far more politically palatable if you keep dead bodies off TV screens.... In an era of budget cuts, they are also cheap ... compared with the cost of maintaining and deploying a large conventional military force." According to McRaven, "his 58,000 operatives cost a mere 1.6 percent of the Pentagon's predicted 2012 budget."


Reuters. "UK Police Continue Anti-Terror Op." 3 Jun. 2006. []

On 3 June 2006, "[p]olice in protective black boiler suits ... searched an east London house raided the previous day by anti-terrorist officers who arrested two men, shooting and wounding one of them. Police, who said Friday's raid was the response to a specific threat of attack, refused to comment on news reports that the men were plotting to use a chemical weapon."


Reuters. "Ukraine Says Expels Four Russians For Spying." 2 Feb. 2010. []

According to Valentyn Nalyvaychenko, the head of Ukraine's main intelligence service, "Ukraine has expelled four Russians for spying and detained another on espionage charges.... Nalyvaychenko said the spy group -- which included officers from Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) and a Russian soldier stationed in Moldova's breakaway region Transdniestria -- had kidnapped a Ukrainian in an attempt to gain secrets. He said four of the Russians had been expelled from Ukraine while an FSB colonel had been arrested on espionage charges."

[OtherCountries/Ukraine; Russia/2010s/2010]

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