Andrew Rathmell


Rathmell, Andrew. "Brotherly Enemies: The Rise and Fall of the Syrian-Egyptian Intelligence Axis, 1954-1967." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 230-253.

This is the story "of allied services whose ties helped bring about a union between their two states. However, after the collapse of the union the services concentrated their energies on attacking each other."

[OtherCountries/Egypt & Syria][c]

Rathmell, Andrew.

1. "Copeland and Za'im: Re-evaluating the Evidence." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1996): 89-105.

This is a succinct presentation of Rathmell's arguments in Secret War in the Middle East (see below) with regard to the coup carried out by Syrian Chief of Staff Col. Husni Zaim on 30 March 1949. The author looks at Miles Copeland's claims that he (and ostensibly the CIA) was behind Zaim's coup. Rathmell concludes that "the evidence now available does not in fact support Copeland's claims"; indeed, "the CIA had at best a peripheral role in Za'im's coup."

2. Secret War in the Middle East: The Covert Struggle for Syria, 1949-1961. New York and London: Tauris, 1995.

According to Legvold, FA 75.2 (Mar.-Apr. 1996), Secret War in the Middle East "examines the evidence supporting and refuting covert activity in Syria.... [A] picture that is a bit different from the conventional wisdom emerges. For example, the author does not believe that the Husni Zaim coup of 1949 was primarily the work of the CIA...; he does, however, provide considerable detail on the plotting against Syria by Turkey, Iraq, and the United States in 1957."

Although he sees Rathmell's work as "a significant advance on 'Western' scholarship" on the subject, Lucas. I&NS 12.2, also believes that the author "too easily minimizes the external dimension" of Western intervention from the CIA and MI6.

[CA/Syria; Other Countries/Syria][c]

Rathmell, Andrew.  "Cyber-Terrorism: The Shape of Future Conflict?"  RUSI Journal, Oct. 1997, 40-45.


Rathmell, Andrew.  "Information Operations -- Coming of Age?"  Jane's Intelligence Review, May 2000, 52-55.


Rathmell, Andrew. "Syria's Intelligence Services: Origins and Development." Journal of Conflict Studies 16, no. 2 (Fall 1996). []

The Syrian intelligence services, or mukhabarat, play a "crucial role in buttressing [President Hafiz al-Asad's] authoritarian rule," as well as a "major role[] in Syria's foreign affairs. Their involvement in terrorism is most well-known, but they have also become, notably in Lebanon, leading arbiters of foreign policy in their own rights." [footnote omitted]

[Other Countries/Syria]

Rathmell, Andrew. "Towards Postmodern Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 3 (Autumn 2002): 87-104.

"While the concept of postmodern Intelligence may not, by itself, adequately characterise all facets of the contemporary Intelligence environment, the term does provide a valuable conceptual framework within which change can be managed and Intelligence sources and methods can be adapted to a new era."


Rathmell, Andrew, and Lorenzo Valeri.  "Implementing Open Source Intelligence."  Jane's Intelligence Review, Nov. 1997, 523-527.

Seymour: "Reviews the results of a study to discover 'just how effective is the information revolution for intelligence purposes?'"


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