Po - Pol


Pocock, Chris.

Pocock, Tom. The Terror before Trafalgar: Nelson, Napoleon and the Secret War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

From publisher: "Drawing on diaries, letters, and newspapers, Tom Pocock provides a wonderful picture of the years 1801-5, and of the people caught up in these unique events: Nelson blockading the French at sea for two years while his beloved Emma Hamilton waited at home; Jane Austen and her naval brothers; the admirals, generals, and politicians on both sides; and perhaps most interesting of all, those lesser-known men such as Congreve, Moreau, and Pichegru, who were responsible for a new kind of warfare."


Poe, Larry L. [RADM/USNR] "Naval Reserve Intelligence Command: Intelligence Support for the Fleet and Joint Warfighter." American Intelligence Journal 18, no. 1/2 (1998): 5-14.


Pöhlmann, Markus. "German Intelligence at War, 1914-1918." Journal of Intelligence History 5, no. 2 (Winter 2005). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

From abstract: This "article introduces [the] organisation and missions of German military intelligence" during World War I. "It focuses on espionage, battlefield intelligence, signals intelligence, counter-intelligence, and covert operations." It also "provides a biographical sketch of the war-time director of the general staff’s intelligence department IIIb, Colonel Walter Nicolai."


Pöhlmann, Markus. "[Introduction to special issue:] Towards a New History of German Military Intelligence in the Era of the Great War: Approaches and Sources." Journal of Intelligence History 5, no. 2 (Winter 2005). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

"[O]ur knowledge of German military intelligence in the era of the Great War is not only extremely limited, but it is also chronically distorted.... This special issue will try to demonstrate that by a judicious use of sources from different places, and by posing new questions, new light can be thrown on many aspects of the history of German military intelligence."


Pohl-Wannemacher, Helga. Tr., Rena Wilson. Red Spy at Night: A True Story of Espionage and Seduction Behind the Iron Curtain. London: New English Library, 1977.

Poirier, Jacques R.E. The Giraffe Has a Long Neck. Tr., John Brownjohn. London: Pen & Sword, 1995. [pb]

From publisher: The author was an SOE officer. Here, he "describes the everyday life of the Resistance with its tragedies and also moments of comedy."

[UK/WWII/Services/SOE; WWII/Eur/Res/Fr]

Pojmann, Wendy. Italian Women and International Cold War Politics, 1944-1968. Bronx, NY: Fordham University Press, 2013.

From publisher: This work "pays particular attention" to the work of the Socialist/Communist Unione Donne Italiane (UDI) with the pro-Soviet Women's International Democratic Federation (WIDF), and the relationship of the lay Catholic Centro Italiano Femminile (CIF) with the global Catholic organization the World Movement of Mothers (WMM). The author "draws on new and original material from archival collections and oral histories to develop a critical understanding of the important ... period in women's activism between the 1940s and 1970s."

[CA/Eur; OtherCountries/Italy/Postwar; Women/Gen]

Polenberg, Richard, ed. In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer: The Security Clearance Hearing. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002.

West, cicentre.com, notes that Polenberg has edited the transcript of the 1954 Personnel Security Board hearing to about a quarter of its original 1,000 pages and added an Introduction and Conclusion. According to the reviewer, Polenberg sees Oppenheimer as "a casualty of McCarthyism." West also remarks that "[t]he hearings were not a manifestation of some groundless paranoia about Russian spies, but a direct consequence of the absolute confidence that dozens of NKVD agents had stolen huge quantities of atomic secrets."


Polgar, Tom.

Politi, Alessandro. "The Citizen as 'Intelligence Minuteman.'" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 16, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 34-38.

"Urging a democracy's citizens to exercise caution, and encouraging them to report suspicious behavior can be a valuable self-defense mechanism when used to protect the public, rather than keep it under surveillance for political purposes and social control.... The fact that intelligence is, at least in the overwhelming majority of democracies, under the rule of law shows that politics, ethics, and intelligence may be an odd, but not an improbable trio."

See Leslie A. Donovan, "Citizens as Intelligence Volunteers: The Impact of Value Structures," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 239-245, discussing the counterintuitive phenomena whereby "in many nations people do not necessarily value national security as generally understood by political leaders and specialists in the field."


Polk, Morgan M. [CAPT/USMC] "Intelligent Life on the Planet MOOTW." Marine Corps Gazette, Apr. 1998, 43-45.

"The time has come to revamp basic information gathering techniques in order to better support the Corps' expanding role in MOOTW [military operations other than war]."


Polk, William R. A History of Insurgency, Terrorism, and Guerrilla War, From the American Revolution to Iraq. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.

Kahl, FA 86.6 (Nov.-Dec. 2007), notes that the author has found that "coercion has more often than not been ineffective -- or counterproductive" -- in insurgency situations. Polk "provides ample proof that occupying armies ... find it excruciatungly difficult to use legitimacy to defeat local insurgents and then exit gracefully."


Pollack, Kenneth M. "Spies, Lies, and Weapons: What Went Wrong?" Atlantic Monthly 293, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2004): 78-92.


Pollard, Carol. "A Plea that Was No Bargain for a Crime of Conscience." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 4-10 Mar. 1991, 25.

Pollard, Robert A. Economic Security and the Origins of the Cold War, 1945-1950. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Reynolds, I&NS 3.2, finds that this book "is a readable, clear analysis, offering concise summeries of American policy on crucial events." Nevertheless, the author's concentration on the State Department means that "we get little real sense ... of the Pentagon's very different approach to national security.... Pollard also shows little awareness of British contributions to Cold War scholarship."


Pollin, John M. "The Rumsfield Commission Report Has Legs." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Nov. 1999, 71-74.

In retrospect, the impact of the Rumsfeld Commission "upon the intelligence communities, leaders in both major political parties, and the ballistic missile defense community has been profound. It argues for nothing less than a re-evaluation of intelligence collection and analysis methods by America's intelligence community as a whole."


Polmar, Norman.

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