Pio - Pn


Piombo, Jessica R. "Terrorism and U.S. Counter-Terrorism Programs in Africa: An Overview." Strategic Insights 6, no. 1 (Jan. 2007). [http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/]

This is a general overview of "the basic arguments for why the United States is increasingly concerned with terrorism in Africa, the true nature of the terrorist and Islamist threat, and ... a basic outline of the major counterterrorism programs currently run by the U.S. government."


Pipes, Richard.

Pirages, Dennis. "Demographic Change and Ecological Security." Environmental Change and Security Report 3 (Spring 1997): 37-46.


Pirie, Anthony. Operation Bernhard. New York: Morrow, 1962.

This work concerns a Nazi plan to destabilise the British economy by flooding the country with forged Bank of England notes.


Pirsein, William Robert. The Voice of America: An History of the International Broadcasting Activities of the United States Government. New York: Arno, 1979.


Pisani, Sallie. The CIA and the Marshall Plan. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1991. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991.

Mapother, FILS 11.2, says that this "engaging" and "rambling tour" of the OPC is "illuminating." On the negative side, Surveillant 2.2 comments that some "reviewers consider this work flawed, with insufficient supporting evidence for many of the statements. Some of her sources do not concur with her thesis -- that CIA was the covert arm of the Marshall Plan." And Leary, JAH 79.3, finds that Pisani presents "only a flat, one-dimensional portrait of men who led the United States into secret battle after World War II."

According to Aldrich, I&NS 8.4, Pisani "convincingly demonstrates that overt Marshall Plan aid and a major programme of CIA non-military operations were part of one overarching strategy. The main focus is upon the Office of Policy Co-ordination." There are "a number of significant omissions in this study," but the main "weaknesses ... appear to be those of a doctoral dissertation revised a little too hastily for publication."

Clark comment: Having finally read Pisani's work 15 years after it was published, I can affirm that the Aldrich quote above is on the mark. The chapter on Italy is underdeveloped, lacking an understanding of the role of the 1948 elections that preceded the actual formation of OPC as backdrop to later events. The tieing of the discussion of Italy to Iran seems strained to me. But my biggest complaint is that it stops too soon; and, I guess, that complaint is actually a compliment. The story is told in a spritely way. I enjoyed this narrow look at OPC.


Pita, René. "Assessing al-Qaeda's Chemical Threat." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 480-511.

The author documents from open sources al-Qaeda's stated interest (and the interest of other supporters of the global jihadist movement) in -- and predisposition to use -- chemical weapons.


Pitt, Barrie. Special Boat Squadron: The Story of the SBS in the Mediterranean. London: Century, 1983.


Pittenger, William. Capturing a Locomotive: A History of Secret Service in the Late War. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1884. Daring and Suffering: A History of the Andrews Railroad Raid. 3d ed. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House, 1999. [pb] The Great Locomotive Chase: A History of the Andrews Railroad Raid Into Georgia in 1862. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Library, 2009. [pb]

From Cumberland House Publishing: "Among the raiders was Cpl. William Pittenger. Shortly after he was mustered out, he composed an account of the mission, which was enlarged over subsequent editions and supplemented to become the most well-known and best-regarded account of the adventure. This book is a reproduction of the 1887 edition. It has been duplicated exactly as it appeared at that time with the addition of a brief introduction by Col. James G. Bogle."


Pitzer, John S. "The Tenability of the CIA Estimates of Soviet Economic Growth: A Comment." Journal of Comparative Economics 14 (1990): 301- 319.


Place, T. Harrison. "British Perceptions of the Tactics of the German Army, 1938-40." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 3 (Jul. 1994): 495-519.

"Clearly, the speed if not the fact of the German victory was a shock to the British military establishment.... [R]ich though the opportunities were for achieving an improved understanding of German tactics in the light of the Polish campaign, the British military establishment took less than full advantage of them."


Plaster, Henry G. "Snooping on Space Pictures." Studies in Intelligence 8, no. 4 (Fall 1964): 31-39. [Richelson, Wizards (2002)]


Plaster, John L.

1. SOG: The Secret Wars of America's Commandos in Vietnam. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997. New York: Onyx, 1998. [pb]

Bernstein, NYT, 21 Jan. 1997, calls this book by a three-tour veteran of the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) "comprehensive, informative and often exciting." Although the reviewer would like to have seen "some meditation on the worth of the overall program," he accepts that Plaster's "seems to be a reliable account of an important part" of the overall war in Vietnam.

To Crerar, AIJ 17.1/2, Plaster's account of Special Forces reconnaissance teams is a "[h]ighly readable anecdotal history." Krott, at http://www.thehistorynet.com/reviews, is highly laudatory of SOG, terming it a "true insider's account" that reveals "much about this top-secret commando unit and its covert missions in North Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia." For Green, Booklist, 1 & 15 Jan. 1997, Plaster's work is "[a]n indispensable addition for Vietnam and special-warfare collections."

2. Secret Commandos: Behind Enemy Lines with the Elite Warriors of SOG. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Seamon, Proceedings 130.7 (Jul. 2004), briefly notes that the author "describes his experiences with this special operations force from 1969 to 1971."


Platje, Wies. "Dutch Sigint and the Conflict with Indonesia." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 285-312.

The Sigint capability set up by the Dutch to intercept Japanese communications was very useful in the campaign against Indonesian nationalist troops following WWII.



Plauder, Oliver. "The Establishment of Irish Intelligence: Irish Security Institutions and the IRA between the Wars." In Public Power in Europe: Studies in Historical Transformations, eds. James S. Amelang and Siegfried Beer, 207-221. Pisa: Edizioni Plus, Pisa University Press, 2006.

"This article examines the establishment of the civilian secret service, the Garda Special Branch, as well as the formation of its military counterpart, the G2.... [B]oth services had the task of consolidating the interior structure of the Free State and building up international relations." However, "these institutions had to keep up their efforts in counter-intelligence and counter-espionage. The main task was to protect the state from subversive moves by republican militants who tried to build up their own international networks and to import weapons for another round with the authorities."


Pleshakov, Constantine. Stalin's Folly: The Tragic First Ten Days of World War II on the Eastern Front. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

For Legvold, FA 84.3 (May-Jun. 2005), the author provides "a spellbinding account of Stalin's deliberations with his terrorized entourage." Pringle, IJI&C 19.4 (Winter 2006-2007), notes that "Pleshakov's book devotes only a few pages to Soviet intelligence reporting." Nonetheless, "[l]ike Murphy. he sees Stalin's dead hand limiting any analysis or dissemination of warning intelligence to key commander[s]."


Plotke, A.J. Imperial Spies Invade Russia: The British Intelligence Interventions, 1918. Westport, CT, and London: Greenwood, 1993.

Plougin, Vladimir. Tr., Gennady Kashkov. Russian Intelligence Services: Volume I: The Early Years. New York: Algora Publishing, 2000.

From advertisement: "Vladimir Plougin is a professor at Moscow State University, where he specializes in medieval Russia.... Drawn from ancient chronicles and preserved documents from Russia, Greece, Byzantium and the Vatican library -- Russia's past is unearthed and examined. His narrative flair gives flavor to the battle scenes of the secret services in Kievan Russia."


Plowden, Alison. The Elizabethan Secret Service. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Surveillant 1.5: "Tells of the early English intelligence service as it was developed by Sir Francis Walsingham."


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