Paschall, Joseph F. "Tactical Information Operations in Operation Iraqi Freedom." Marine Corps Gazette 88 (Mar. 2004): 56-59.

[MI/Marines/00s; MI/Ops/00s/Iraq; MI/Tactical]

Paschall, Rod. "Deception for St. Mihiel, 1918." Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 3 (Jul. 1990): 158-175.

This article looks at the "Belfort Ruse," and concludes that it "was not much to brag about." The author follows that solid conclusion with the speculation that Col. (later Gen.) Fox Conger may have passed the ploy to his student, Dwight D. Eisenhower


Paschall, Rod. LIC 2010: Special Operations and Unconventional Warfare in the Next Century. New York: Brassey's (US), 1990.

Surveillant 1.2 notes that in this book a former Delta Force Commander and Director of the U.S. Army Military History Institute at Carlisle, PA, "charts the likely course of low-intensity conflict (LIC) over the next two decades." To Beckett, I&NS 6.3, "Paschall has produced a highly stimulating book well worth reading."


Paschall, Rod. "Special Operations in Korea." Conflict 7, no. 2 (1988): 155-178.


Paseman, Floyd. "The Great Grafton Library War." Intelligencer 11, no. 2 (Wintor 2000): 51-55.

The author reviews the uproar in Grafton, Wisconsin, in 1987-1989 over the naming of "The USS Liberty Memorial Public Library."


Paseman, Floyd L. "Private Military Companies: Mercenaries By Any Name." Intelligencer 15, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2006-2007): 23-27.

The title of this article points to the author's main theme: "My contention is that not only should th[e] temptation to use 'private military companies' (PMCs) to 'outsource war' be resisted, but also that the facade" of PMCs "needs to be exposed for what they really are -- mercenaries by any name."


Paseman, Floyd L. A Spy's Journey: A CIA Memoir. St. Paul, MN: Zenith, 2005.

Floyd L. Paseman, 64, died 7 May 2005. Louie Estrada, "Former CIA Senior Official Floyd Paseman Dies," Washington Post, 21 May 2005, B6. []

Clark comment: The author's anecdotes go down smoothly, even though there is a repetitious feel at times. The stories would have been even better if Paseman had been able to identify the places of his assignments in something other than the vaguest of terms. Nevertheless, anyone who has served overseas with the CIA will find situations (funny and otherwise) with which they can identify. For someone seemingly as out-spoken as Paseman, it is a minor miracle that he made it all the way to division chief; but, then, he had and maintained a reputation as a straight shooter.

Goedeken, Library Journal, Jan. 2005, calls this "[o]ne of the best CIA memoirs published in a long while." This work is an "excellent introduction to the world of espionage [and] is recommended for all collections." DKR, AFIO WIN 17-05 (25 Apr. 2005), says that the author "delivers a firsthand account" of the CIA's development since the early 1960s. "For outsiders, Paseman has written an excellent introduction to the world of intelligence."

For Hedley, Studies 49.3 (2005), this is "a personal retrospective by a consummate nice guy, a straight arrow who recounts a life that offers helpful introductory reading for someone considering a career in the operations directorate. It contains precious little that is prescriptive, devoting only six pages out of nearly 300 to 'what's wrong and what's right with the CIA.' The shortcomings he cites are neither original nor surprising."


Pash, Boris T. The ALSOS Mission. New York: Award House, 1969.

See "Boris Pash and Science and Technology Intelligence," Huachuca History Program, "Masters of the Intelligence Art":

Pforzheimer notes that the author led the military part of a joint military-scientific team that went into Germany with the advancing Allied forces on a scientific intelligence mission. The goal was determine what the Germans knew about our atomic bomb and the extent of German progress in producing such a device. For Constantinides, Pash "is good on how intelligence leads were acquired and pursued to get further intelligence." The leader of the ALSOS civilian scientists was Samuel Goudsmit and his book, ALSOS, should also be read.


Pasternak, Douglas. "Lack of Intelligence." U.S. News & World Report, 11 Aug. 2003. []

The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) "is in crisis. Despite its $7 billion annual budget, its satellites don't always work as promised. Its projects run billions in the red and years behind schedule. Some national security experts say the place just doesn't work." In response, "Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and CIA Director George tenet [last year] created a new top-secret office to develop cutting-edge spy satellite technologies. The office is an arm of the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology. The new office maintains bogus commercial 'cover' facilities outside the agency's headquarters in Langley, VA.

"The coming months will be pivotal for the NRO. The agency hasn't put up a satellite in 22 months, and planned launches have been repeatedly delayed. But if all goes well, the NRO will launch two satellites before the end of the year."

Clark comment: This is a very interesting and informative article. It is recommended reading about a critical part of the Intelligence Community that rarely gets attention from the mainstream media.


Pastor, Robert A. Whirlpool: U.S. Foreign Policy Toward Latin America and the Caribbean. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992. F1418P365

Pasztor, Andy. "Spy Agencies Outdo Air Force In Getting Satellite Funding." Wall Street Journal, 7 Dec. 2007. []

"U.S. intelligence agencies are quietly spending about $7.5 billion to build a pair of older-technology spy satellites, people familiar with the matter said, at a time when more-technically-advanced military satellite projects are faltering because of budget cuts.... The Air Force has had difficulty moving advanced projects, and the new spending highlights how control of such projects is moving away from the Air Force and toward intelligence officials."


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