Parmelee, Lisa Ferraro. "Printers, Patrons, Readers, and Spies: Importation of French Propaganda in late Elizabethan England." Sixteenth Century Journal 25 (1994): 853-72.


Parnell, Ben. Carpetbaggers -- America's Secret War in Europe: A Story of the World War II Carpetbaggers 801st/492nd Bombardment Group (H) U.S. Army, Eighth Air Force. Rev. ed. Austin, TX: Eakin, 1993.

From publisher: This is the "story of a highly secret venture carried out by the OSS and the Eighth Air Force which assisted friendly underground groups by flying thousands of tons of arms and supplies as well as agents behind enemy lines." Knouse,, views this as "the definitive book on the operation," and advises buying the revised edition.

[WWII/OSS/France; WWII/U.S./Services/Air]

Parrish, Michael. The Lesser Terror: Soviet State Security, 1939-1953. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996.

According to Kelley, Parameters, Winter 1997-98, the author "demonstrates that terror ... did not cease with Yezhov's removal in late 1938 but continued unabated, in phases and under various directors, until Stalin's death in 1953.... The hard-hitting detail which Parrish marshals is most impressive, if at times tedious."


Parrish, Michael. Soviet Security and Intelligence Organizations, 1917-1990: A Biographical Dictionary and Review of Literature in English. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1991. London: Meckler, 1991.

Surveillant 1.5: "A Who's Who of all Soviet security services since the Revolution, with a comprehensive bibliography."


Parrish, Thomas. The Cold War Encyclopedia. New York: Holt, 1996.

Surveillant 4.4/5 believes that Arms, Encyclopedia of the Cold War (1994), is the better of the two books. Nevertheless, "Parrish has an excellent chronology beginning with the 1917 Russian Revolution, and starts his work with a good historiographical essay."


Parrish, Thomas. The Ultra Americans: The U.S. Role in Breaking the Nazi Codes. New York: Stein & Day, 1986. The American Codebreakers: The U.S. Role in Ultra. Chelsea, MI: Scarborough, 1991. [pb]

Miller, IJI&C 1.3, sees Parrish providing "much fresh material concerning Ultra and its uses" and the "best picture of what day-to-day life was like at Bletchley." This is an "excellent book." McGinnis, Cryptolog 14.4, finds that The Ultra Americans is "probably the best unclassified source of information, in the field of cryptology, concerning actions taken by the US Army during WWII in Europe." It is a "very interesting book and I recommend it."

For Filby, I&NS 3.4, Parrish succeeds "admirably in recording how the American contingent fitted in [at Bletchley Park] and helped to continue the effort" against the Germans' top ciphers. This is "[d]efinitely a book for anyone with Second World War and intelligence interests."


Parritt, B.A.H. The Intelligencers: The Story of British Military Intelligence Up to 1914. Ashford, Kent, UK: Intelligence Center, 1971. Ashford, Kent, UK: Intelligence Corps Association, 1983.

Parry, D.L.L. "Clemenceau, Caillaux and the Political Use of Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 9, no. 3 (Jul. 1994): 472-494.

"The argument of this article is that the rise to power of Georges Clemenceau resulted from a manipulation of the discontent of 1917 which cast Joseph Caillaux as villain and Clemenceau as hero; some of the manipulators were well-known journalists and politicians, but behind them, supplying them with information for political ends, were members of the military and civilian intelligence services."


Parry, Robert. Trick or Treason: The October Surprise Mystery. New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1993.

NameBase: "Robert Parry was a reporter for the Associated Press in Washington from 1980-1987.... After three years with Newsweek, which he also found frustrating, he began reporting for the PBS Frontline show. This allowed him to trot around the globe with a cameraman in pursuit of the October Surprise story.... This book suggests that forces are at work to muddy the record when citizens get too curious."


Parry-Giles, Shawn J. "The Eisenhower Administration's Conceptualization of the USIA: The Development of Overt and Covert Propaganda Strategies." Presidential Studies Quarterly 24 (Spring 1994): 263-276.

[CA/PsyOps & CA/White]

Parry-Giles, Shawn J. The Rhetorical Presidency, Propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945-1955. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.


Parshall, Jonathan B., and Anthony P. Tully. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2005.

Wildenberg, NWCR 59.3 (Summer 2006), believes this "will undoubtedly become the definitive work on the Japanese navy at Midway." It includes an "enlightening analysis of why the Japanese lost this historically important battle.... Scholars, military buffs, and serious students of the subject will appreciate the detailed, comprehensive battle diary that constitutes the bulk of the work." Nevertheless, the work "is not flawless. Historians and academics accustomed to more scholarly writing may find some of the stylistic trappings somewhat disconcerting. The use of contemporary jargon and colloquialisms is, at best, misplaced."

For Porter, Military Review (Mar.-Apr. 2007), Parshall and Tully "have skillfully researched, analyzed, and drawn sound conclusions about the actual causes of Japan's defeat at Midway.... This is the first truly complete and balanced examination of the decisive battle of Midway."

On the other hand, Parrish, Air & Space Power Journal 22.2 (Summer 2008), does not view this as a fully developed presentation. He finds that "if there is a shortcoming in the work, it is by design. The authors purposely confine their examination to the Japanese side of things; thus, a novice should read their book in conjunction" with Gordon W. Prange's Miracle at Midway (1982) and Walter Lord's Incredible Victory (1967). Nonetheless, the authors provide a narrative that "is both enlightening and persuasive." They "systematically examine and debunk many of the prevailing myths of the battle."


Parvulesco, Constantin. Secret Défense: Histoire du renseignement militaire français. [Defense Secret: History of French Military Intelligence] Boulogne-Billancourt: E-T-A-I, 2007.

Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), comments that this work is "not scholarly, but [it is] fun to look at because of its scores of illustrations."


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