Pap - Parl

Papakhelas, Alexis. "Newly-Released CIA Records Shed Light on Events Leading Up to Greece's 1967 Coup" To Vima (Athens), 17 Aug. 2002, A6-A7.

FBIS document number: FBIS-WEU-2002-0818. Translated text available at


Paphitis, Nicholas. "Greek Terrorists Appeal Convictions." Associated Press, 2 Dec, 2005. []

Fifteen members of the November 17 group convicted in 2003 of murder and other terrorist acts "appeared in court [on 2 December 2005] to appeal their convictions."


Pappalardo, Joe. "Pentagon Balking at Intel Reform Recommendations." National Defense 89 (17 Oct. 2004): 16-17.


Pappas, Aris A., and James M. Simon, Jr. "The Intelligence Community: 2001-2015." Studies in Intelligence 46, no. 1 (2002): 39-47.

Two insiders (senior officers on the Intelligence Community Management Staff) take their shot at where reform should take the Intelligence Community. Clark comment: See the reference to Pappas and his involvement with the Kuklinski materials in Weiser, A Secret Life (2004), 242-245.


Parfitt, Tom. "Qatar Hands Back Moscow Agents Jailed for Murder." Telegraph (London), 16 Jan. 2005. []

"Two Russian secret agents convicted of assassinating" Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, "a former Chechen president living in the Gulf state of Qatar," were handed over to the Russian government in December 2004. Upon their return, "the agents received a hero's welcome in Moscow."


Parihar, Sunil S. [Lt. Col.] India's Spy Agencies: Shaken Not Stirred. New Delhi: Manas, 2012

For Peake, Studies 57.3 (Sep 2013), and Intelligencer 20.2 (Fall-Winter 2013), this work "is a somewhat disjointed account of an important topic by a firsthand participant."


Parish, John C. "Intelligence Work at First Army Headquarters." Historical Outlook 11 (Jun. 1920): 213-217. [Petersen]


Parisi, Albert J. "The CIA and the Media." Editor & Publisher, 17 Nov. 1990, 20, 52.

This is a report on remarks made by the CIA's chief of media relations to the New Jersey press club. The emphasis is on greater CIA openness and on presenting the Agency as nonthreatening to journalists.


Park, Edwards. "A Phantom Division Played a Role in Germany's Defeat." At: From The Smithsonian, Apr. 1985.

The focus here is the U.S. Army's 23rd Headquarters Special Troops. The 23rd's troops "specialized in impersonating other troops.... For 268 days in mid-1944 and early l945, the 23rd's 82 officers and 1,023 enlisted men pretended. at one time or another, to be the 5th Armored Division, the 4th Infantry Division, the 6th Armored Division, the 90th Infantry Division and many other Army outfits hard at work in the hedgerows and forests of northern Europe. With inflatable rubber guns and vehicles, with ever-changing shoulder patches, stencils to make phony signs, and with amplified recordings of heavy equipment in action, the 23rd played role after role."

This article is available on the Laynor Foundation Museum site [] dedicated to Harold A. Laynor (1922-1991), an American artist who served with the 603rd Camouflage Engineers, a unit of the 23rd Headquarters Special Troops, in World War II.


Parker, Charles F., and Eric K. Stern. "Blindsided? September 11 and the Origins of Strategic Surprise." Political Psychology 23, no. 3 (2002).


Parker, Frederick D. "How OP-20-G Got Rid of Joe Rochefort." Cryptologia 24, no. 3 (Jul. 2000): 212-234.

Lt. Cdr. Edwin T. Layton and Cdr. Joseph Rochefort "were caught in the infighting between the director of naval intelligence and the director of naval communications over which directorate should control the production and dissemination of communications intelligence." Layton's career survived the struggle; Rochefort's did not.


Parker, Frederick D. Pearl Harbor Revisited: United States Communications Intelligence, 1924-1941. Ft. George Gordon Meade, MD: Center for Cryptologic History, National Security Agency, 1994.

According to Sexton, this is a "[v]aluable history of the evolution of Army and Navy Comint agencies" in the interwar years. Kruh, Cryptologia 19.1, says that "[t]his excellent work" provides a "detailed examination and analysis of the U.S. Navy's communications intelligence (COMINT) efforts" in the interwar years. For Wilford, Northern Mariner 12.1/22, "Parker's work constitutes one of the most meticulous examinations" of intercepted JN-25 messages.

[Interwar/U.S.; MI/Army/Interwar & Navy/Interwar]

Parker, Frederick D. A Priceless Advantage: U.S. Navy Communications Intelligence and the Battles of Coral Sea, Midway and the Aleutians. Ft. George Gordon Meade, MD: Center for Cryptologic History, National Security Agency, 1994.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 29.3 (Jul. 2005), the author has produced "a masterfully detailed account of the comint associated ... with the Coral Sea and Midway actions" and with events in the Aleutians. He provides "a marvelous context from which to view the unfolding history of U.S. naval comint in the Pacific."


Parker, Frederick D. "The Unsolved Messages of Pearl Harbor." Cryptologia 15, no. 4 (Oct. 1991): 295-313.

The author argues that the Navy's failure to break Japanese naval signals prevented the exploitation of messages in the Navy's possession that would have warned of the attack on Pearl Harbor. He blames the failure to break JN-25b messages on the emphasis given and resources devoted to the Japanese diplomatic cipher systems. Sexton gives this article a "highly recommended" notation.


Parker, Geoffrey. The Black Scalpel: A Surgeon with SOE. London: Kimber, 1968.


Parker, James E., Jr. Codename Mule: Fighting the Secret War in Laos for the CIA. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1995. Covert Ops: The CIA's Secret War In Laos. New York: St. Martin's, 1997. [pb]

Chambers calls this a "very straight and narrowly focused telling of Parker's role in the later stages of the Laotian campaign." Bates, NIPQ 12.2, finds that the "Foreword" by William A. Leary, a history professor at the University of Georgia, is "an excellent history of Laos from the mid 1950s to the date Parker arrived.... Parker's story is written in an entertaining first person format and reads like a novel." On the other hand, Reske, NIPQ 12.3, learned little from Parker's book: "It was mostly a series of episodic 'I was there, I did that, I saw that' war stories that never quite connect."

For Warren, Surveillant 4.4/5, Parker "provides insights into the Agency's extensive covert operations in Laos and the men who conducted them." Bode, WIR 15.5, says that Parker "tells his story simply, with minimal commentary, and allows the reader to reach his own conclusions." Although the author's experiences cover only a "relatively narrow period" (from late 1971 to early 1975), he is "a keen observer" and "a fine story-teller." See also the review by Col. Donald F. Lunday at reviews.


Parker, John. Death of a Hero. London: Metro, 1998.

Although Death of a Hero is ostensibly about Capt. Robert Nairac, Army Surveillance Unit member killed by the IRA in 1977, van Straubenzee, Spectator, 13 Mar. 1999, says the book "contains much background to the work of army intelligence and the Special Forces. It is very informative and immensely readable," although it does have some "annoying inaccuracies." See also, Anthony Bradley, Requiem for a Spy (1992).

[UK/Postwar/IRA & SAS]

Parker, Robert R. "Deception: The Missing Tool." Marine Corps Gazette 76 (May 1992): 97-101. [Seymour]


Parkinson, Ted [LTCDR]. "Has the Time Arrived for a Canadian Foreign Intelligence Service?" Canadian Military Journal 7, no. 2 (Spring 2006): 15-22.

"[P]erhaps relying too much upon another nation's intelligence data can be more harmful to the national interest in the long run than the ability to gather foreign intelligence independently. A foreign intelligence service for Canada, separate from CSIS and modest in size -- perhaps based on the ASIS model -- is, in the final analysis, in the national interest."


Parks, W. Hays. "Memorandum of Law: Executive Order 12333 and Assassination." Army Lawyer, Dec. 1989, 4-9.


Parlour, Andy; and Sue Parlour. Phantom at War: The British Army's Secret Intelligence and Communication Regiment of World War Two. Bristol: Cerberus, 2003.

From publisher: "This is the story of perhaps one of the British Army's least known regiments of World War Two -- The General Headquarters Liaison Regiment, code-named Phantom." The unit was the brainchild of Lt. Col. George Frederick Hopkinson. Phantom served in "Greece, North Africa, Italy and the Mediterranean, and its role was ... of paramount importance in the liberation of Europe." The "regiment worked with all the Allied forces and a special Phantom squadron served with the SAS behind enemy lines."


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