Pai - Pao

Paillole, Paul [Col.]

1. Services spéciaux [?sèciaux], 1935-1945. Paris: Robert Laffont, 1975. Fighting the Nazis: French Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 1935-1945. New York: Enigma, 2003.

Porch, I&NS 2.1, sees this work as offering "a frank and revealing glimpse into the workings of the service de renseignement, the counter-espionage section of the military Deuxième bureau from 1935 to 1945." For Peake, Studies 48.1, this "is a tale of French political maneuvering as much as counterespionage operations." Nonetheless, the author's "assiduous application and articulation of counterintelligence principles demonstrate their universality while making clear that it is the people who make the difference."

2. Notre espion chez Hitler. Paris: Robert Laffont, 1985.

Porch, I&NS 2.1, notes that the title subject of this work is "Hans Schmidt, code named H.E. or Asché..., employee in the German code and cipher section, who provided the French with much useful information between 1932 and the Fall of France in 1940, most notably on the development of the Enigma codes." The author has "the disconcerting habit of reproducing verbatim conversations at which he could not possibly have been present.... [I]t is difficult to be certain where fact leaves off and fiction takes over.... In a word, Monsieur Paillole's book needs to be read with great caution."

3. with Alain-Gilles Minella. L'homme des services secrets. Paris: Julliard, 1995.

According to Pennetier, I&NS 11.4, Paillole worked in the German counter-espionage section of the Deuxième bureau prior to World War II. As opposed to his earlier two books, this work "deals much more with wartime and especially on how ... pre-war intelligence services continued their work throughout most of the occupation of France."

[France/Interwar; WWII/Eur/Fr/Gen]

Paine, Lauran.

Painton, Frederick C. "Fighting with 'Confetti.'" Reader's Digest, Dec. 1943, 99-101. [Winkler]


Palay, Marc. "The Fourth Amendment and Judicial Review of Foreign Intelligence Wiretapping: Zweibon v. Mitchell." George Washington Law Review 45, no. 1 (Nov. 1976): 55-99.

Calder: Deals with "charges by the Jewish Defense League that the Justice Department wiretapped JDL headquarters without a warrant.... Government asserted a right to tap based on presidential power to conduct foreign affairs."


Palfy, Arpad. "Bridging the Gap between Collection and Analysis: Intelligence Information Processing and Data Governance." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 365-376.


Palmer, Alasdair. "Fear of Betrayal Leaves Spy Bosses out in the Cold." Telegraph (London), 19 Feb. l996. []

The Scott Report found that "[t]here was no substance to the charge" that MI6 had betrayed Paul Henderson "by not defending him when he was arrested for allegedly telling lies on his export licence application forms." However, "the myth of the secret service's calculated betrayal of innocent men reverberates"; and "MI6 is struggling to recruit agents ... because would-be spies fear they might end up in court."


Palmer, Alasdair. "Man Who Came in from the Cold." Telegraph (London), 12 Sep. 1999. []

"When Vasili Mitrokhin first approached MI6 saying he had material that would interest them, they had no idea how important his information would be.... The result was 25,000 pages of material on KGB operations."


Palmer, Bruce, Jr. Intervention in the Caribbean: The Dominican Crisis of 1965. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1990.


Palmer, Elizabeth A. "Conferees Agree on Bigger Role for FBI in Spy Cases." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 24 Sep. 1994, 2706.

House and Senate conferees completed work on the fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill on 22 September 1994. The conference committee "decided to clip the wings of the CIA, effectively placing the FBI in charge of all counterespionage investigations.... In return for the House's agreement to the FBI provision, Senate conferees dropped their objections to a satellite project backed by House members."

[CI/90s; CIA/90s/94/Ames; FBI/90s/Gen; GenPostwar/Budgets; ][c]

Palmer, Elizabeth A. "Congress Creates Commission to Study CIA's Performance." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 1 Oct. 1994, 2824.

The House and Senate adopted the conference report of the fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill on 30 September 1994. The legislation establishes the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community. The President will appoint nine of the 17 members of the commission, with the other eight appointments to be divided between the House and the Senate. Of the eight congressional appointees four are to be private citizens and four are to be members of Congress.

[GenPostwar/Budgets; Reform][c]

Palmer, Raymond. The Making of a Spy. London: Aldus, 1977.

Wilcox: "Illustrated popular coffee table history of modern espionage."


Paltsits, Victor H. "The Use of Invisible Ink for Secret Writing during the American Revolution." New York Public Library Bulletin 39 (May 1935): 361-365. [Petersen]


Panetta, Leon.

PA News. "Britain Spied on Annan, Says Clare Short." Times (London), 26 Feb. 2004. []

Former Cabinet Minister Clare Short claimed on 26 February 2004 that "British agents spied on Kofi Annan, the United Nations Secretary-General, in the run-up to the Iraqi war." Short made her claim in an interview on BBC Radio's Today program.


PA News. "Case against GCHQ Whistleblower Dropped." Times (London), 26 Feb. 2004. []

Katharine Gun, accused of leaking a memo in which a U.S. National Security Agency official requested help from British Intelligence to tap the telephones of UN Security Council delegates prior to the war in Iraq, "walked free from the Old Bailey [on 25 February 2004] after the case against her was dropped without explanation."


Pangle, Thomas. "The Moral Basis of National Security: Four Historical Perspectives." In Historical Dimensions of National Security Problems, ed. Klaus E. Knorr. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1976.


Pankin, Boris. Tr., Alexei Pankin. The Last Hundred Days of the Soviet Union. New York: Tauris, 1996.

Paola, Pietro di. "The Spies Who Came in from the Heat: The International Surveillance of the Anarchists in London." European History Quarterly 37, no. 2 (2007): 189-215.

Covers the period from 1870 to 1914.


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