P - Pah


Pace, Julie, and Ken Dilanian. "US Counterterrorism Strategy in Yemen Collapses Amid Chaos." Washington POost, 24 Mar. 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. and Yemeni officials, "the U.S. counterterrorism strategy in Yemen has all but collapsed as the country descends into chaos.... Operations against militants have been scaled back dramatically amid the fall of the American-backed government and the evacuation of U.S. personnel.... CIA drone strikes will continue, the officials said, but there will be fewer of them. The agency's ability to collect intelligence on the ground in Yemen, while not completely gone, is much diminished."

[CIA/10s/15; Terrorism/10s/15]

Pacepa, Ion Mihai.

Pacific Magazine. "French Overseas Territories Intelligence Unit Scrapped." 8 Jan. 2008. [http://www.pacificmagazine.net]

"The French government has moved to scrap an army intelligence unit that until now, was designed to specifically monitor politicians and journalists in the French overseas territories, including the three French Pacific dependencies of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna."


Packard, Wyman H.

Paddock, Alfred H., Jr. "Legitimizing Army Psychological Operations." Joint Forces Quarterly 56 (1st Quarter 2010): 89-93.

The author looks at the development in the U.S. Army of propaganda/psychological warfare (PSYWAR)/psychological operations (PSYOPS) from World War I to the present. He argues strongly that the term propaganda is a neutral one and should continue to be used, as should the historically well-established PSYWAR and PSYOPS, rather than "a steady stream of euphemisms..., usually with the word information attached." (Italics in original) He believes that "aggressive institutionalizing ... can and should be done by all PSTOP individuals ... to prevent a loss of identity for their craft."

[CA/Psyops; MI/Army/PostCW/2010s]

Paddock, Alfred H., Jr. [COL/USA] U.S. Army Special Operations, Its Origins: Psychological and Unconventional Warfare, 1941-1952. Washington, DC: National Defense University, 1982. Honolulu, HI: University Press of the Pacific, 2002. Rev. ed. U.S. Army Special Warfare: Its Origins. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2002.

This was the first volume in the National Defense University's Military History Series.

From publisher of revised edition: "This revised edition draws on the newly available papers of Major General [Robert A.] McClure and provides additional information on his role as Eisenhower's chief of psychological warfare in North Africa and Europe, his service as chief of information control in occupied Germany, and his assignment as chief of the New York Field Office of the Army's Civil Affairs Division. Paddock also includes new sections on American psychological warfare in the Pacific, the Army Rangers, the 1st Special Service Force, and American-led guerrillas in the Philippines. In a reflective new epilogue that draws partly upon his own experience, Paddock also provides keen insights into the use of special warfare during Vietnam."


Padover, Saul K. Experiment in Germany: The Story of an American Intelligence Officer. New York: Duell, 1946.

Working with a small OSS unit as the Allies advanced across Europe after the Normandy landings, Padover "interrogated German civilians, obtaining information upon which the American Military Government in Germany subsequently based its denazification policies." O'Toole, Encyclopedia, p. 356.


Pae, Peter, and Lena H. Sun. "Charges of Passing Secrets Puzzle Friends of Suspect." Washington Post, 27 Sep. 1996, A18.


Paehler, Katrin. "Creating an Alternative Foreign Office: A Reassessment of Office VI of the Reich Main Security Office." Journal of Intelligence History 8, no. 2 (Winter 2008-2009). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]


Page, Bruce, David Leitch, and Phillip Knightley. Philby: The Spy Who Betrayed a Generation. London: André Deutsch, 1968. The Philby Conspiracy. New York: Doubleday, 1968. New York: Ballantine, 1981. [pb]

Page, Don. "Tommy Stone and Psychological Warfare in World War Two: Transforming a POW Liability into an Asset." Journal of Canadian Studies 16, no. 3&4 (Fall-Winter 1981): 110-120.


Page, Jeremy. "Analysis: A Shot across Western Bows." Times (London), 23 Jan. 2006. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

"The timing of the release of the story [of a fake rock packed with surveillance equipment] on state television is very telling. The Russian Parliament has recently passed legislation requiring all of Russia's non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to register with a new regulatory body.... The crucial allegation in the [television] documentary ... was that one of the British diplomats involved in this spying ring was personally signing off grants for NGOs. It was a tenuous link, but the intended message was very clear: he's obviously a spy and he's passing NGOs Western money so that they can undermine the Russian state. It may seem simplistic..., but it has played very well in Russia."

[Russia/00s/06; UK/PostCW/00s/06]

Page, Jeremy. "Spies Collect More Toys as Cold War Turns to Hot Peace." Times (London), 25 Jan. 2006. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

"[I]f intelligence experts are correct,... Western spy agencies [are] step[ping] up their operations in Russia to a level not seen since the Soviet collapse.... Western intelligence services said last year that Russia had aggressively escalated its spying ... since President Putin... took power in 2000.... What is less widely publicised is that US and British intelligence have also been actively recruiting Russian-speaking agents in tandem with Russia's growing economic and political clout."

[GenPostCW/00s/06; Russia/00s/06; UK/PostCW/00s/06]

Page, Jeremy, and Richard Beeston. "The 'British' Spy Operation Found Lurking under a Rock." Times (London), 24 Jan. 2006. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

At first glance, the grainy film aired on Moscow television on 22 January 2006 seems to show innocent behavior. But, according to the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB), what is seen is "Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service in action."

Four men are accused of being "spies working under cover at the British Embassy in Moscow. And the mysterious object [in the film] was a high-tech telecommunications device concealed inside a fake rock.... Passing agents could transmit secret information to this electronic dead letter box through a simple hand-held computer."

The television report "identified the four alleged spies as Marc Doe, a second secretary in the political section, Paul Crompton, a third secretary in the political section, and Christopher Pirt and Andrew Fleming, both researchers without diplomatic status. It also alleged that a Russian citizen who had contacts with the four had been detained and confessed to espionage." See also, Steven Lee Myers, "Russia Says Britain Used a Fake Rock to Hide Spy Gear," New York Times, 24 Jan. 2006.

[Russia/00s/06; UK/PostCW/00s/06]

Paget, Julian. Counter-Insurgency Campaigning. London: Faber & Faber, 1967.


Paget, Karen. "From Stockholm to Leiden: The CIA's Role in the Formation of the International Student Conference." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 134-167.

This article focuses on the period from 1949 to 1952, not the full existence of the National Student Association-International Student Conference-CIA relationship. The author believes that "a careful distinction must be made between CIA objectives and its capacity to execute them.... Who had the power to make decisions, and to make them stick, varied greatly throughout the life of the relationship.... In the earlier years,... most differences between the CIA and NSA or ISC offficials tended to be tactical."

[CA/Eur; CIA/60s/Subsidies]

Paglen, Trevor. Blank Spots on the Map: The Dark Geography of the Pentagon's Secret World. New York: Dutton, 2009.

From publisher: This book is the "story of a young geographer's road trip through the underworld of U.S. military and C.I.A. 'black ops' sites. This is a shadow nation of state secrets: clandestine military bases, ultra-secret black sites, classified factories, hidden laboratories, and top-secret agencies.... Run by an amorphous group of government agencies and private companies, this empire's ever expanding budget dwarfs that of many good sized countries."

Steven Aftergood, Secrecy News, 30 Jan. 2009 [http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy], finds that this work "has important limitations and defects." Although the author "is a fluid writer with an eye for paradox and incongruity," he "is not a perfectly reliable guide to secrecy policy and practice." Examples of several errors -- as well as, "blank spots" in his narrative -- are given. "Paglen is so fascinated by the corruption of secrecy that he misses an opportunity to think more critically and more deeply about the subject."


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