Nu - Nz


Nuki, Paul, and David Leppard. "Yard Detective's Lifetime of Deceit." Sunday Times (London), 12 Sept. 1999. []

"John Symonds was no ordinary British bobby. He spent much of his police career at Scotland Yard committing perjury, taking bribes and sending men to prison on false evidence.... After he was exposed in 1969, he [fled to Morocco,] turned traitor and started to work for the KGB.... [H]is work for the KGB finally ended in 1980 when he decided to return to Britain to face charges. He was jailed for two years for corruption."


Nundy, Julian. "35 Senior French Politicians 'Spied for Soviet Bloc.'" Telegraph (London), 17 Sep. 1998. []

According to the conservative daily Le Figaro on 16 September 1998, "[u]p to 35 senior French politicians have been identified as having acted as East Bloc agents at the height of the Cold War." The newspaper named the late Socialist defence minister, Charles Hernu, as an agent of Soviet Bloc intelligence services.


Nuñez de Prado y Clavel, Sara. Servicios de información y propaganda en la guerra civil española, 1936-1939. [Information and Propaganda Services in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939] Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1992. [Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008)]


Nutter, John Jacob. The CIA's Black Ops: Covert Action, Foreign Policy and Democracy. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1999. CIA's Black Ops: Covert Action and Foreign Policy, from the Cold War to the War on Terror. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2008. [pb]

According to Jonkers, AFIO WIN 2-00, 14 Jan. 2000, this book's basic perspective "is the notion that covert action is inimical to democracy, as indeed, in an ideal academic dream world, it unarguably is. This perspective inevitably leads to a focus on the 'numerous fiascoes' of covert action.... If one can accommodate to the author's perspective and consistent slant, the book can be interesting and educational in terms of the discussion beneath the message, addressing an intriguing topic that deserves to come under periodic critical scrutiny."

Weisler, I&NS 16.2, says that this "excellent resource ... contains an interesting and comprehensive overview of US covert actions during the Cold War." Although it "is not a rigorously researched historical work," it "is one of a very few books that examine covert action as a real policy option." Nevertheless, "readers should be cautious in accepting the validity of some of Nutter's assumptions, his evidence, and therefore many of his conclusions."

To Daugherty, IJI&C 17.1/fn. 22, the author, "while presenting a fairly wide range of legitimate issues about covert action, loses credibility for several reasons. First, he tends to draw broad, very general conclusions from single isolated events (which he may or may not have described accurately); second, he often does not provide any further sources of support or evidence for his conclusions; and finally, he simply repeats or elaborates on (without additional information) many ancient allegations of Agency behavior."


Nye, Joseph S., Jr.

1. Estimating the Future. Washington, DC: Working Group on Intelligence Reform, Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1994.

2. "Peering into the Future." Foreign Affairs 73, no. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1994): 82-93.

3. "Estimating the Future." American Intelligence Journal 17, no. 1&2 (1996), 65-70.

The author is former Chairman, National Intelligence Council. He believes that the "need for good intelligence estimates continues" in the post-Cold War world. Nye also stresses the importance of open sources in the estimative endeavor. Surveillant 4.2 comments that the Consortium for the Study of Intelligence version is "the better acquisition," because it includes the give-and-take discussion that followed Nye's presentation at the Working Group session.


Nye, Joseph S., Jr., and Sean M. Lynn-Jones. "International Security Studies." International Security 12, no. 4 (Spring 1988): 5-27.


Nyquist, J.R. "The Case of the KGB Librarian." WorldNetDaily, 16 Sep. 1999. [http://]

"The strangest thing [to emerge from the Mitrokhin material] is the support that Mitrokhin's celebrity has received from retired KGB Gen. Oleg Kalugin, who appeared on ABC's Nightline in order to praise the value of Mitrokhin's revelations. It is downright odd that the former deputy chief of KGB foreign intelligence should publicly bolster the credibility of a KGB traitor. Gen. Kalugin, after all, is no defector.... His disagreement with the old KGB is largely confined to a personality clash with his former boss, Vladimir Kryuchkov. In fact, Gen. Kalugin's memoirs contain brilliant examples of disinformation....

"[Thus,] Gen. Kalugin's appearance on ABC's Nightline program may have a sinister significance. The cautious analyst must be careful. A defector who brings us old news may be feeding us accusations against persons who were innocent of espionage. He might also be covering the tracks of some who were guilty."



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