Nor - Nos


Nordell, John R., Jr. The Undetected Enemy: French and American Miscalculations at Dien Bien Phu. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995.

According to Currey, Journal of Third World Studies, Fall 1999, Nordell "tells of French strategic, logistic, tactical and intelligence decisions that culminated in Navarre's determination to fight" at Dien Bien Phu. The author also "clearly shows the extent to which the U.S. government aided and abetted French planning."

[France/Postwar; GenPostwar/50s/Gen]

Nordland, Rod. "Files Note Close C.I.A. Ties to Qaddafi Spy Unit." New York Times, 2 Sep. 2011. []

Documents discovered on 2 September 2011 by journalists and Human Rights Watch "at the abandoned office of Libya's former spymaster appear to provide new details of the close relations" the CIA and MI-6 "shared with the Libyan intelligence service.... The documents cover 2002 to 2007, with many of them concentrated in late 2003 and 2004, when Moussa Koussa was head of the External Security Organization." See also, Richard Spencer, "Libya: Secret Dossier Reveals Gaddafi's UK Spy Links," Telegraph (London), 3 Sep. 2011.

[CIA/10s/11; UK/PostCW/11]

Noren, James. "CIA's Analysis of the Soviet Economy." In Watching the Bear: Essays on CIA's Analysis of the Soviet Union, eds. Gerald K. Haines and Robert E. Leggett. Washington, DC: Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 2003.

From "Introduction": The author "provides a first-hand account of the work the DI produced" during the Cold War. Noren's "paper chronicles an array of intelligence assessments of the Soviet economy and a record of significant achievements by CIA and the US Intelligence Community.... The accuracy of CIA's analysis of the Soviet economy ... has become the subject of substantial debate.... Noren's analysis buttresses the assessments of a number of other analysts who maintain that the Agency did as well as could be expected in anticipating the collapse of the Soviet economy in the early 1990s."


Norman, Bruce. Secret Warfare: The Battle of Codes and Ciphers. Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 1973. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1974. New York: Sterling, 1989.

Norquist, Warren E. "How the United States Won the Cold War." Intelligencer 13, no. 2 (Winter-Spring 2003): 47-56.

Reagan did it. "A longer version of this paper appeared first in Global Competitiveness Volume 9 (1), 2001 pp. 1-27 and a later version in Advances in Competitiveness Research volume 10, No. 1, 2002."



North, David M. "U-2S Pilot Report: Venerable U-2 Forges on to Y2K and Beyond." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 12 Apr. 1999, 60-66.

Includes sidebar story, "Pilot Selection Process Arduous," p. 65.

The 45-year-old U-2 has benefited from some recent modifications "that should keep the Dragon Lady an effective high-altitude reconnaissance platform with the U.S. Air Force into 2020." There are currently 37 Lockheed-Martin U-2s in service -- 35 U-2Ss with the Air Force and Lockheed Martin and 2 ER-2s with NASA. The author flew one of the 9th Reconnaissance Wing's U-2ST trainers out of Beale AFB.


North, Mark. Act of Treason: The Role of J. Edgar Hoover in the Assassination of President Kennedy. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1990.

Athan G. Theoharis is probably the most widely published, best known, and persistent critic of the FBI and Hoover. In his review of this book, Theoharis, WPNWE, 23-29 Dec. 1991, concludes: "Because of the author's research deficiencies, we are presented with a book based on tortuous reasoning and unsupported speculation. To offer this as evidence of Hoover's 'role' in the Kennedy assassination requires a leap of faith that only the most cynical will make."


North, Oliver L.

1. Taking the Stand: The Testimony of Lt. Col. Oliver L. North. New York: Pocket Books, 1987.

2. with William Novak. Under Fire: An American Story. New York: HarperCollins, 1990.

Cannon, WPNWE, 16-22 Dec. 1991, notes "North's effort [in this book] to hold himself harmless." And in what is a particular good line, the reviewer comments that DCI William Casey "had many enemies but he apparently needed none of them with a friend like Ollie North."


North Carolina Central Law Journal. "New Tension Between the Right to Travel Abroad and National Security Interests: the Passport Case, Haig v. Agee (101 S. Ct. 2766)." 13 (Spring 1982): 267-285.


Northcott, Chris. "The Role, Organization, and Methods of MI5." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 453-479.

This is a broad, nuts-and-bolts description of MI5 from its inception to the present. It is a useful outline of the development of the organization.


Northridge, A. R. "B-29s Against Coke Ovens." Studies in Intelligence 9, no. 3 (Summer 1965): 25-31.

The author was intelligence officer in Gen. Clare Chennault's 14th USAAF in Western China in World War II. When XXth Bomber Command was established for the B-29, its initial targets were to be the Japanese coke ovens -- a concept that created puzzlement and argument.


Northridge, A. R. "Pearl Harbor: Estimating Then and Now." Studies in Intelligence 9, no. 4 (Fall 1965): 65-74.

"[I]t seems clear ... that we failed to foresee the Japanese assault [on Pearl Harbor] largely because we were influenced by a faulty sterotype of what was an adversary nation." (footnote omitted)


Northridge, A. R. "The Selectively Reluctant Informant." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 3 (Summer 1967): 107-110.

"In debriefing an informant,... one must always take care lest he prove unreliable on some one point, possibly of little significance, for some obscure reason." The author develops an example from his experience with the 14th USAAF in World War II.


Norton, Augustus R., and Martin H. Greenberg. International Terrorism: An Annotated Bibliography and Research Guide. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1980.


Norton-Taylor, Richard [The Guardian].

Norwitz, Jeffrey H., ed. Armed Groups: Studies in National Security, Counterterrorism, and Counterinsurgency. Newport, RI: U.S. Naval War College, 2009.

Walsh, I&NS 25.3 (Jun. 2010), notes that this book "analyzes the history, organization, strategies, and successes and failures of a wide range of armed groups," from terrorists to street gangs. Such a range "makes it more difficult to find common themes to completely link together the disparate types of groups." However, "the encompassing nature of the book reflects important real-world developments."


Noskwith, Rolf. "Hut 8 from the Inside." In Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern Computer, eds. Ralph Erskine and Michael Smith, 197-210, 488. London and New York: Bantam, 2001.


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