Nif - Nn


Nikolai, Walter. Geheime Mächte [Secret Powers]. Leipzig: Verlag F.K. Koehler, 1923. Tr., George Renwick. The German Secret Service. London: Stanley Paul, 1924. London: Harrap, 1929.

Pforzheimer notes that in this book the chief of the German Secret Service in World War I "discusses his work in the field of espionage and counterintelligence.... Today, while still of interest, the reader should realize that the author has written largely in generalities, with errors both in facts and judgments." Constantinides finds that the "style is often oblique, making certain passages hard to understand, and errors of fact and questionable judgments fill the book." Nevertheless, the author does convey "a feel for the attitude of the German military toward intelligence" and "for the importance of communications intelligence in the German victories on the eastern front."


Nikolai, Walter. Nachrichtendienst, Presse und Volksstimmung [Intelligence, Press and Public Opinion]. Berlin: Mittler & Sohn, 1920. [H.Roewer]


Nikolajewsky, Boris. Aseff the Spy. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1934.

Yevno Azev was a double agent in a large way, working for both Russia's turn-of-the-century revolutionaries and the Czar's Okhrana. See also, Rubenstein, Comrade Valentine: The True Story of Azeff the Spy (1994).


Nikulin, Lev. V. The Swell of the Sea. Springfield, VA: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 1972. Mertvaya zyb'. Moscow: Voyenizdat, 1965.

According to Rocca and Dziak, this is a retelling of the "Trust" operation (1921-1927) "with significant changes in fact and emphasis from versions propagated in the Twenties, and sponsored by the Soviets after World War II."


Nilsson, Sam. Stalin's Baltic Fleet and Palm's T-Office: Two Sides in the Emerging Cold War 1946-1947. Stockholm: Swedish National Defense College, 2006.

Gardner, I&NS 22.2 (Apr. 2007), notes that this work deals with "Swedish naval intelligence in the early post-war years." The focus is on "the T-Office set up under Dr. Thede Palm," with "the task of considering potentially hostile naval forces." The author has produced "a thoughtful and thoroughly researched study dealing with a little known aspect of mid-twentieth century naval intelligence." However, it is narrowly focused and lacks "any significant insight outside its immediate area of study."


Ninkovich, Frank. The Diplomacy of Ideas: U.S. Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations, 1938-1950. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981.


Nitzu, Ionel, ed. Intelligence Analyst Guide: A Digest for Junior Intelligence Analysts. Bucharest: National Intelligence Academy, Mihai Viteazul Publishing, 2012.

Peake, Studies 57.2, notes that the author, a Romanian intelligence analyst, "has assembled a collection of brief articles on aspects of intelligence analysis written by 20 experienced analysts from the National Intelligence Academy in Bucharest and other elements of the Romanian intelligence community." The work "is interesting for several reasons. It indicates how much Romanian thinking about intelligence has changed since the fall of its communist government. The book also reflects the considerable influence of the West in the methods it treats and in the sources it cites in the footnotes and the bibliography."

[Analysis/Gen/10s; OtherCountries/Romania]

Nix, Maegen Gandy. "Military Counterintelligence Transformation in Context." National Intelligence Journal 1, no. 1 (2009): 109-131.

"Since the 1980s, the growing series of official commission reports makes a strong case for following a strategic approach. The community itself, however, must first agree upon what each member has to offer and bring these capabilities to bear."


Njølstad, Olav. "Atomic Intelligence in Norway during the Cold War." Journal of Strategic Studies 29, no. 4 ( 2006): 653-673.

From abstract: "Norway took substantial part in the Western intelligence effort against the Soviet nuclear weapons programme during the Cold War.... Whereas the tasks of surveying the development, deployment and possible employment of Soviet nuclear forces always had first priority, Western atomic intelligence conducted from Norwegian soil and waters was occasionally aimed even at gathering information about the geophysical and possible long-term medical and environmental implications of high-yield nuclear explosions in the atmosphere."

[Liaison/Gen; OtherCountries/Norway]

NMIA Newsletter. Editors. "CIO Introduces Image Product Archive." 10, no. 2 (1995): 23.

NMIA Newsletter. Editors. "Joint Military Intelligence Program (JMIP)." 10, no. 2 (1995): 25.

(1) Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Program (DARP)

(2) Defense Intelligence Counterdrug Program (DICP)

(3) Defense Intelligence Agency's Tactical Program (DIATP)

(4) Defense Space Reconnaissance Program (DSRP)

(5) Defense Intelligence Special Technology Program (DISTP)."

NMIA ZGram. "Clinton Names J. Stapleton Roy Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research." 24 Sep. 1999. []

On 24 September 1999, President Clinton "announced his intent to nominate J. Stapleton Roy to be Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research at the State Department." Roy "served as Ambassador to Indonesia from 1996-1999.... The Assistant Secretary reports directly to the Secretary of State on all intelligence matters, providing current and objective analysis on critical foreign policy priorities, both immediate and long term. The Assistant Secretary is also responsible for ensuring that the wide range of U.S. intelligence activities are reflective of Administration foreign policy objectives in a post Cold-War environment."


NMIA ZGram. "DoD Announces Reorganization of C3I Office (DoD, 13 May 1998)." 14 May 1998. []

DoD has "announced the reorganization of its headquarters element overseeing command, control, communications and intelligence (C3I) functions.... The C3I office will be directed by an assistant secretary of Defense (C3I) who will also carry out the legislatively mandated functions of chief information officer" for DoD. "This organization will report directly to the secretary and deputy secretary of Defense and will exercise oversight over six Defense agencies": DIA, Defense Information Systems Agency, Defense Security Service, NIMA, NRO, and NSA.


NMIA ZGram. "Second Darkstar UAV Completes Test Flight." 30 June 1998. []

"The second Tier III Minus DarkStar high altitude endurance unmanned air vehicle flew [on 29 June 1998] for the first time. The vehicle took off from the Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards Air Force Base, Calif.... During the 44-minute flight, the vehicle achieved an altitude of approximately 5,000 feet and completed pre-programmed basic flight maneuvers. The system successfully executed a fully autonomous flight from takeoff to landing utilizing the differential Global Positioning System.... The DarkStar system is designed for aerial reconnaissance in highly defended areas by using low observable characteristics.... It can operate at a range of 500 nautical miles from the launch site and will be able to loiter over the target area for eight hours at an altitude of more than 45,000 feet, carrying either an electro-optical or synthetic aperture radar payload."


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