N - Nal


Nabati, Mikael F. "Anticipatory Self-Defense: The Terrorism Exception." Current History, May 2003, 222-231.


Nabbie, Eustace E. "The Alamo Scouts." Studies in Intelligence 3, no. 4 (Fall 1959): 87-92.

The Alamo Scouts "performed for the U.S. Sixth Army services similar to those rendered by OSS detachments in other overseas commands.... The Scouts' principal mission was ... reconnaissance behind enemy lines.... They were volunteers."


Nadel, Joel, and Wright, J.R. Special Men and Special Missions: Inside American Special Operations Forces, 1945 to the Present. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994. [Gibish]


Nadler, John. A Perfect Hell: The True Story of the FSSF, Forgotten Commandos of the Second World War. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2005. A Perfect Hell: The True Story of the Black Devils, the Forefathers of the Special Forces. New York: Presidio, 2006. [pb]

DKR, AFIO WIN 5-06 (30 Jan. 2006) says that this book "tells the story of the First Special Service Force [FSSF]. Made up of volunteers from the US and Canadian armies,... [i]t participated in the assault against the German winter line in southern Italy, the defense of the Anzio beachhead, the liberation of Rome and the invasion of southern France. Its nickname, the Black Devils [Schwartzer Teufel], was conferred by the much larger German force it fought at Anzio."

For McClain, Air & Space Power Journal 21.3 (Fall 2007), this book is "[m]ore than a compilation of historical facts and figures"; it allows the reader "to sit down with the survivors" of the First Special Service Force (FSSF) "and hear their own words.... A very readable book with no discernable historical flaws, A Perfect Hell has my highest recommendation."

[Canada/WWII; WWII/U.S./Services/Army]

Naftali, Timothy J.

Nagl, John A. [LTCOL/USA] Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002. Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. [pb]

An advertisement for the 2005 paperback edition of this work notes that it includes "a new preface reflecting on the author's combat experience in Iraq."

According to Millen, Parameters 34.3, "this book compares ... the British approach to counterinsurgency in Malaya with the American approach in Vietnam.... Despite minor flaws, John Nagl's book is a valuable asset for identifying key aspects of a successful counterinsurgency strategy." Freedman, FA 83.6 (Nov.-Dec. 2004), says that "the point of Nagl's book is that the British managed to learn from early mistakes and adapt to the situation."

For Hoffman, Proceedings 132.3 (Mar. 2006), this work is "an extremely relevant text. Those interested in understanding the difficulties faced by Coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, or who want to grasp the intricacies of the most likely form of conflict for the near future, will gain applicable lessons."

[MI/SpecOps/Counterinsurgency; UK/Postwar/Malaya; Vietnam/Gen]

Nagl, John A. Learning Counterinsurgency: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006.


Nagl, John A. "Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife: British and American Army Counterinsurgency Learning during the Malayan Emergency and the Vietnam War." World Affairs 161 (Spring 1999): 193-199.

[MI/SpecOps/Counterinsurgency; UK/Postwar/Malaya; Vietnam/Gen]

Nagorski, Andrew. "All Is Forgiven, or Is It?" Newsweek, 27 Oct. 1997, 40.


Nagorski, Zygmunt, Jr. "Soviet International Propaganda: Its Role, Effectiveness, and Future." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 398 (Nov. 1971): 130-139. [Calder]


Nagy, Dennis M. "A Military Intelligence Knowledge Base and Knowledge Management: Cultural Factors." Defense Intelligence Journal 9, no. 1 (Winter 2000): 39-56.

The author discusses structures, attitudes, and processes. He concludes that someone within the Department of Defense should be given the responsibility for achieving "dominant battlespace knowledge" for the U.S. forces.


Nagy, John A.

1. Invisible Ink: Spycraft of the American Revolution. Yardley, PA: Westholme, 2010.

Peake, Studies 54.2 (Jun. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), notes that this work "is based primarily on firsthand accounts and primary documents. It is a grand refresher on Revolutionary War espionage and leaves no doubt that secure communications have been an important element in the history of American national security."

2. Rebellion in the Ranks: Mutinies of the American Revolution. Chicago, IL: Westholme, 2007.

Although intelligence is not mentioned in the advertising literature, the author notes in private correspondence that in addition to "being the only book that ever covered mutinies as a subject for the entire American Revolution, it also identifies 30 spies in the American Revolution of which some are outed for the first time. It also correct[s] some of the names of spies of which Carl Van Doren in Mutiny in January (1943) guessed."

3. Spies in the Continental Capital: Espionage Across Pennsylvania During the American Revolution. Yardley, PA: Westholme, 2011.

Peake, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.3 (Winter-Spring 2013), comments that the author "keeps the emphasis on spies on both sides, and sometimes the narrative is a bit choppy for lack of historical context. The book's documentation is extensive.... For those unaware of the extent of espionage in Pennsylvania during the Revolutionary War, Spies in the Continental Capital will be an eye-opener and a source for further research."

4. Dr. Benjamin Church, Spy: A Case of Espionage on the Eve of the American Revolution. Yardley, PA: Westholme, 2013.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), sees this as "a fine study of America's first case of espionage and a positive contribution to the intelligence literature." For Goulden, Washington Times, 28 Apr. 2014, and Intelligencer 20.3 (Spring-Summer 2014), the author "has produced a valuable source book on intelligence during the American Revolution and a good read."


Nagy, Alex. "Word Wars at Home: U.S. Response to World War II Propaganda." Journalism Quarterly 67, no. 1 (1990): 207-213.

Calder: "A discussion of censorship during the War."


Naimark, Norman M. "To Know Everything and to Report Everything Worth Knowing": Building the East German Police State, 1945-1949. Working Paper No. 10. Washington, DC: Cold War International History Project, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1992.


Nair, K. Sankaran. Inside IB and RAW: The Rolling Stone that Gathered Moss. New Delhi: Manas, 2008.

According to Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), the author "served as a head of R&AW ... for less than 3 months in the 1970s.[footnote omitted] He spent more time in the IB, and the book has some interesting stories about his attempts in the 1960s to advise recently formed African nations about security services." Mostly, however, he focuses on "personal episodes and dealings with his superiors that are of no great intelligence value." This memoir "is primarily of local interest and a minor contribution to the intelligence literature."


Nakashima, Ellen (Washington Post).

Nalty, Bernard C. The War against Trucks: Aerial Interdiction in Southern Laos, 1968-1972. Washington, DC: Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, n.d. [http://www.spectre-association.org/pdfs/WarAgainstTrucks.pdf]

From "Preface": "This history recounts an ambitious attempt by the Air Force to interdict traffic on the Ho Chi Minh Trail of southern Laos, as part of a plan to support the war in South Vietnam by impeding the flow of North Vietnamese troops and military supplies into South Vietnam.... Although aircraft of the other services participated in this extended campaign of aerial interdiction, the Air Force assumed the greatest responsibility for both equipment and execution."


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