McKale, Donald M. "'The Kaiser's Spy': Max von Oppenheim and the Anglo-German Rivalry before and during the First World War." European History Quarterly 27 (1997): 199-219.


McKay, C.G.

McKay, Niall. "Lawmakers Raise Questions About International Spy Network." New York Times, 27 May 1999. []

HPSCI has requested that the NSA and CIA "provide a detailed report to Congress explaining what legal standards they use to monitor the conversations, transmissions and activities of American citizens." Concerns are focused on whether the NSA-British surveillance network, known as Echelon, "could be used to monitor American citizens."


McKay, Randle, and R.J. Gerrard. The "Intelligence" Game of Secret Service Cases and Problems. New York: McBride, 1935. [Petersen]


McKay, Sinclair. The Secret Life of Bletchley Park: The History of the Wartime Codebreaking Centre by the Men and Women Who Were There. London: Aurum, 2010.

Mace,, 13 Jul. 2010, notes that the author focuses "more on the people that worked at Bletchley Park, rather than their well-known achievements or the technical complexities of the code-breaking work." This "is an interesting and amusing book, and a valuable addition to the printed material available on this secretive and absolutely vital wartime organisation." Christensen, Cryptologia 35.2 (Apr. 2011), finds little new here but appreciates that "a comprehensive view of life and work at Bletchley Park appears in one book and is told (mostly) by the codebreakers themselves."

For Lowe, Telegraph (London), 23 Jul. 2010, although "[t]here is nothing new about the story,... the book's saving grace is its ability to recreate the unique atmosphere of this extraordinary place.... Much of this is told in the words of veterans interviewed by the author, whose vivid descriptions evoke a world that is now all but lost. It is their stories, and the humbling thought of what their dedication to duty achieved, that make this book worth reading." King, NIPQ 27.2 (Jun. 2011), see this as "the best overall introduction to Bletchley Park as seen by those who participated in its work."

Walton, Daily Mail, 27 Jul. 2010, finds that the author "wisely avoids getting too technical." Although he takes a stab at explaining "how the German enigma machines worked, and how the Bletchley scientists outwitted them," McKay's explanations will probably "leave the average reader understanding little more than that the machines were very complicated, and the scientists very brilliant." This book may not "satisfy the scholars," but McKay succeeds "in honouring a genuinely remarkable group of people in a solid, often entertaining and above all warm-hearted way."

To Smith, I&NS 27.1 (Feb. 2012), this "popular history" might prove "useful and interesting" for those wishing "to gain an insight into the atmosphere of Bletchley Park." However, "the endnotes and referencing ... are perfunctory and as such wholly inadequate for a scholarly audience."


McKay, Sinclair. The Secret Listeners: How the Wartime Y Service Intercepted the Secret German Codes for Bletchley Park. London: Aurum, 2012.

Peake, Studies 57.2 (Jun. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring-Summer 2013), says this work "doesn’t dwell on the operational side of the Y Service activities. Instead, McKay describes the personnel involved and their selection criteria, their often unrelentingly tedious working conditions, and some of the clever techniques they employed.... [This] is a story too long untold, and it is a valuable contribution to the intelligence literature."


McKee, Alexander. El Alamein: ULTRA and the Three Battles. London: Souvenir Press, 1991.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 18.1, "this exciting account ... highlights the importance of Ultra, which provided advance information about ... Rommel's supply ships and troop movements."


McKee, W. J. "The Reports Officer: Issues of Quality." Studies in Intelligence 27, no. 1 (Spring 1983): 11-18. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 108-117. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

"Within CIA's Directorate of Operations, the reports officers constitute the substantive corps which follows intelligence developments in Headquarters and in the field and provides collection guidance, targeting advice, and specific requirements for activities of the Directorate designed to collect information. Reports officers evaluate and disseminate information the Directorate acquires, provide substantive support to Directorate components, and serve as principal intermediaries between collectors and consumers. Their central purpose is to maintain standards of value and objectivity in the Directorate's information product." (p. 108) Within this context, the author explores the issues of "quality promotion and quality control." These involve matters of judgment and, therefore, are controversial.


Mckelvey, Tara. "Inside the Killing Machine." Newsweek, 13 Feb. 2011. []

This article is based on an interview with former CIA acting general counsel John Rizzo. The focus is on the approval process for "CIA's operations to kill suspected terrorists.... A look at the bureaucracy behind the operations reveals that it is multilayered and methodical, run by a corps of civil servants who carry out their duties in a professional manner.... How CIA staffers determine whether to target someone for lethal operations is a relatively straightforward.... The president does not review the individual names of people; Rizzo explains that he was the one who signed off....

"The hub of activity for the targeted killings is the CIA's Counterterrorist Center, where lawyers -- there are roughly 10 of them, says Rizzo -- write a cable asserting that an individual poses a grave threat to the United States. The CIA cables are legalistic and carefully argued." Requests for "targeting for lethal operation" are signed off on by the general counsel.

This article has caused Rizzo legal difficulties as Marc Ambinder and Yochi J. Dreazen, "Former Top CIA Lawyer Under Investigation," National Journal, 10 Nov. 2011, report that "[t]he Justice Department is investigating whether ... John Rizzo[] improperly disclosed classified information about the CIA's drone campaign.... The probe is ongoing, and it's not clear when it will reach a conclusion about whether to recommend that Rizzo be disciplined for his participation in the Newsweek piece."


McKenna, Maryn. Beating Back the Devil: On the Front Lines with the Disease Detectives of the Epidemic Intelligence Service. New York: Free Press, 2004.

DKR, AFIO WIN 24-04 (12 Jul. 2004), notes that the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS), the rapid-response force of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was founded in 1951. "Highly trained[] and fiercely committed EIS professionals, including doctors, dentists, nurses and veterinarians, respond rapidly and travel to any area of the world to examine possible threats to public health. After 9/11, EIS investigated the anthrax attacks that were spread through the mails."


McKenna, Pat [TSGT]. "Eyes of the Warrior: Prying Predator Prowls Unfriendly Skies, Peeking at the Enemy." Airman, Jul. 1998, 28-31.

The RQ-1A Predator UAV, now combat-tested over Bosnia, feeds "live video pictures ... into satellites, which are relayed in real-time" to major U.S. and allied headquarters. For the future, "the Air Force is exploring how Predator might broadcast real-time intelligence ... to weapons systems officers in the backseats of F-15Es and F-18s while they orbit the battlefield."


McKinney, Mike [MAJ/USAF], and Mike Ryan. Chariots of the Damned: Helicopter Special Operations from Vietnam to Kosovo. New York: Thomas Dunne, 2002.

From publisher: The authors "investigate the origins of the [Air Force] Special Operations Group and the experience of early rescue missions in Vietnam." The book covers from the "disaster at Desert 1 to the Gulf War, Bosnia and the tragedy in Somalia." Taylor, Booklist (via, comments that a "combination of technology and courage structures the stories but, unfortunately, never quite succeeds in raising this work's literary level. Practically all the reader learns about the pilots who died is their bravery and their rank."


McKittrick, David. "Further Revelations of British Army's 'Dirty War' as Mole in the IRA's Killing Squad Is Exposed." The Independent (UK), 12 May 2003. []

"Society has always accepted that the security forces should attempt to penetrate groups such as the IRA through the use of informers, who are viewed as a distasteful but essential element of the fight against terrorism. Their existence poses the question, however, of how deeply they may become involved in illegality. Some law-breaking is inevitable, since joining the IRA is an offence. In the case of Stakeknife, however, the agent appears to have been much more deeply involved, taking part in a series of murders."


McKittrick, David. "IRA Double Agent 'Stakeknife' Forced to Flee Ireland as Cover Is Blown." The Independent (UK), 12 May 2003. []

"The west Belfast republican named as Stakeknife, who comes from a large family with a strong republican background, was last night understood to have left Northern Ireland. One report said he may have been taken to a British military intelligence base in Dorset."


McKnight, David.

McKone, Frank E. General Sullivan: New Hampshire Patriot. New York: Vantage, 1977.



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