Matei, Florina Cristiana (Cris). "The Challenges of Intelligence Sharing in Romania." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 4 (Aug. 2009): 574-585.
"Romania has made major strides in developing an effective intelligence system through, among other measures, the development of specific coordination and cooperation mechanisms."
Matei, Florina Cristiana (Cris). "The Legal Framework for Intelligence in Post-Communist Romania." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 22, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 667-698.
Romania has "progressively instituted a legal framework for the intelligence system, covering its mandate, coordination, control, oversight, accountability, and transparency. But it has been less than perfect."
Matei, Florina Cristiana. "Reconciling Intelligence Effectiveness and Transparency: The Case of Romania." Strategic Insights 6, no. 3 (May 2007). [http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/]
The author "examines how Romania managed to reconcile and achieve a tradeoff between the two competing imperatives of operating intelligence in a democracy -- effectiveness and transparency. It analyzes what obstacles Romania overcame to accommodate the effectiveness of its post-communist intelligence system with the public need for information."
Matei, Florina Cristiana (Cris). "Romania's Intelligence Community: From an Instrument of Dictatorship to Serving Democracy." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 20, no. 4 (Winter 2007): 629-660.
In the early 1990s, Romania replaced the Securitate with six intelligence agencies. These "agencies conduct domestic and foreign intelligence and counter or security intelligence, as well as military/police intelligence. They have human intelligence (HUMINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), and imaging intelligence (IMINT) capabilities and can use undercover agents." Today, "Romanian intelligence has transitioned from a tool of the Communist dictatorship to a professional, transparent, and effective intelligence community, under democratic control."
Matei, Florina Cristiana, and Thomas C. Bruneau. "Policymakers and Intelligence Reform in the New Democracies." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 24, no. 4 (Winter 2011-2012): 656-691.
The authors look at Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Poland, Romania, Spain, and Russia ("a stunning case of democratic regress"). In "at least four" of these countries -- "Poland, Brazil, Romania, and Spain -- the decisionmakers have managed to institutionalize agencies that are either transparent or effective, or both."
[LA/Argentina, Brazil, & Peru; OtherCountries/Poland/PostCW, Romania/From00, & Spain/PostCW; Russia/10s/11]
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