Stephen Marrin

A - Im


Marrin, Stephen. "At Arm's Length or at the Elbow?: Explaining the Distance between Analysts and Decisionmakers." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 3 (Fall 2007): 401-414.

The author suggests that an approach similar to the British government's Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) "might be useful as a way to close the distance between intelligence analysts and decisionmakers without necessarily compromising analytic independence."


Marrin, Stephen. "CIA's Kent School: Improving Training for New Analysts." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 16, no. 4 (Winter 2003-2004): 609-637.

This is a judicious overview of the CIA's Career Analyst Program (CAP), located within the Sherman Kent School for Intelligence Analysis. The author does not overreach and promise better intelligence analysis as a direct result of this training, but instead carefully notes the cognitive and institutional impediments to such improvements. Nevertheless, he sees the CAP and the Kent School moving in the right direction.


Marrin, Stephen. "The CIA's Kent School: A Step in the Right Direction." Intelligencer 11, no. 2 (Winter 2000): 55-57.

"The establishment of the Kent School is a substantial step towards creating [Sherman] Kent's vision of intelligence as a profession.... A 'CIA University' ... would go even farther towards providing the DI ... with the knowledge to build effective business practices."


Marrin, Stephen. "Evaluating CIA's Analytic Performance: Reflections of a Former Analyst." Orbis (Spring 2013): 325-339.

The so-called failures of CIA's analytic performance "more accurately represent the perennial dilemmas and tradeoffs associated with the analytic function and, most importantly, the inappropriate expectation that these observers hold of CIA's ability to prevent surprises."


Marrin, Stephen. "Homeland Security and the Analysis of Foreign Intelligence (Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age)." Intelligencer 13, no. 2 (Winter-Spring 2003): 25-36.

This is a general overview of the Counterterrorism Center (CTC), with some broad discussion of the analytical process and its products.

[Analysis/Gen; CI/00s/Gen]

Marrin, Stephen. "Homeland Security Intelligence: Just the Beginning." Intelligencer14, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2004): 43-51. Journal of Homeland Security, Nov. 2003 (

"[D]omestic intelligence ... has historically had minimal institutionalization at the federal level." Nevertheless, given the events of 11 September 2001 and the new domestic intelligence programs proposed and implemented since then, "the study of foreign intelligence indicates that the roles and missions of domestic intelligence will likely increase.... The expanding roles and missions of domestic intelligence agencies will likely pose a threat to civil liberties. This threat can ... be countered through the incorporation of overlapping procedural guidelines and oversight mechanisms."


Marrin, Stephen. "Improving CIA Analysis by Overcoming Institutional Obstacles." In Bringing Intelligence About: Practitioners Reflect on Best Practices, ed. Russell G. Swenson, 40-59. Washington, DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, 2003.

According to the author, this article "looks at how institutional practices can prevent full utilization of lessons learned in training, education, or other knowledge-building endeavors. For case studies [he] use[s] the dissolution of CIA's Office of Leadership Analysis and the changing emphasis on current versus long-term intelligence, and in the end argue[s] that organizational and procedural modifications may be necessary in order to take full advantage of an individual analyst's expertise. Specifically, [he] recommend[s] that CIA re-constitute its Office of Current Intelligence and Office of Research and Reports to take advantage of an individual analyst's cognitive strengths."

[Analysis/Critiques; CIA/C&C/DI]

Marrin, Stephen. Improving Intelligence Analysis: Bridging the Gap between Scholarship and Practice. New York: Routledge, 2011. 2012. [pb]

Author's abstract: "Improving intelligence analysis requires bridging the gap between scholarship and practice. Compared to ... political science and international relations, intelligence studies scholarship is generally quite relevant to practice. Yet a substantial gap exists.... This book is intended to help bridge the gap by providing a guided roadmap through the scholarship on mechanisms and methods for improving intelligence analysis processes and products. A wide variety of potentially useful ideas are addressed in this volume."

Reveron, NCWR (Summer 2012), finds that the author "provides readers a good overview of ... intelligence-studies classics..., along with more contemporary work.... [T]he book is focused on intelligence analysis," and "seems to ignore how, why, and where facts are collected." Nevertheless, "Marrin offers readers a look at what a junior CIA analyst does and offers a sketch of how to move beyond the 'generalized intuition' that often afflicts intelligence analysis." For Manosevitz, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012), "most of the book's chapters read like literature reviews," while the author's "critiques focus almost exclusively on the CIA."


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